Polycentric Governance of Disaster Risk Reduction: An Introduction to a New Analytical Framework <br />Jonatan  Lassa<br /...
Introduction: PhD research in progress <br />PhD research title: Institutional Vulnerability and Disaster Risk Governance ...
Motivation: Demythologization of the myth No. 1 of Risk Reduction – DRR investment vs benefit of avoided losses<br />It is...
“Disaster governance” “discourse”<br />in Google search engines, from a desktop from UNU Bonn <br />
Polycentric DRR: HFA is comprehensive but demanding! Can institutions cope with the high expectation? How? How do we measu...
Research problems and questions<br />Problems: In DRR communities, traditionally, institutions and governance was simply r...
Institutional vulnerability assessment<br />A proposed definition:  “IV is both the context and the process where formal i...
Research Framework<br />
Research Methods<br />Quant. and Qual. analysis of the institutional commitment to multi-hazard EWS development and applic...
Global Institutional Vulnerability Assessment<br />
Gaps between institutional commitment and implementation prediction!<br />
Selected results (1)<br />
Selected results (2)<br />Disaster Risk Index (derived from the work of UNEP and Peduzzi´s (2009)<br />
Selected results (3)<br />
Case study from Indonesia<br />Nation wide institutional measures: 500 districts and 33 provinces  (of which 200s are rela...
Gaps in perception on Progress!(Score 1-5)<br />Source, taken from Lassa 2009, . Stakeholder’s self-evaluation in Indonesi...
DRR Policy Network in Indonesia<br />Coded from 10 Local DRR Regulation in Indonesia: the graph produced by using Pajek 1....
Rather in the making of denser DRR networks but .. See conclusion<br />Coded from DRR National Action Plan 2006-2009. The ...
Conclusion <br />There strong evidence of how quality of institutions and governance  shape DRR policy/regulation and impl...
Thank youTerimaKasihVielen DankMercy<br />
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Polycentric Governance of Disaster Risk Reduction: An Introduction to a New Analytical Framework

1,498 views

Published on

Polycentric Governance of Disaster Risk Reduction: An Introduction to a New Analytical Framework

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,498
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
26
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Polycentric Governance of Disaster Risk Reduction: An Introduction to a New Analytical Framework

  1. 1. Polycentric Governance of Disaster Risk Reduction: An Introduction to a New Analytical Framework <br />Jonatan Lassa<br />United Nations University Environment and Human Security<br />
  2. 2. Introduction: PhD research in progress <br />PhD research title: Institutional Vulnerability and Disaster Risk Governance Assessment: Global and Local Analysis<br />It is a pioneer work for global scale analysis for IVA Combining qualitative and quantitative approach<br />To give a sense of prediction for DRR policy implementability and success at global scale as set in the HFA<br />Research in progress, inputs welcome<br />
  3. 3. Motivation: Demythologization of the myth No. 1 of Risk Reduction – DRR investment vs benefit of avoided losses<br />It is groundless to say that every where in every place, DRR investment will always give positive outcomes.. In fact, amid lack of institutional quality and governance, DRR investment may not pay off<br />Institutional quality gap: between developed and less developed countries <br />
  4. 4. “Disaster governance” “discourse”<br />in Google search engines, from a desktop from UNU Bonn <br />
  5. 5. Polycentric DRR: HFA is comprehensive but demanding! Can institutions cope with the high expectation? How? How do we measure? What is the implementation likelihood? <br />
  6. 6. Research problems and questions<br />Problems: In DRR communities, traditionally, institutions and governance was simply reduced to as “political commitments” - but what is that? How to measure it? Why “political commitments” on DRR highly volatile? How if the institutions are too vulnerable to manage risks?<br />Problems: existing vulnerability assessment tools merely focus on measuring the outcomes of institutions: such as social, economic, human and environmental vulnerability?<br />Question: How to measure institutional vulnerability that shape the multi-dimensional vulnerability (such as social, economic, cultural, human and environmental vulnerability? and risks?<br />
  7. 7. Institutional vulnerability assessment<br />A proposed definition: “IV is both the context and the process where formal institutions (regulation, rule of laws, constitutions, codes, bureaucracy etc.) and informal institutions (culture, norms, traditions, religion etc.) are either too weak to provide protections against disaster risks or being ignorant of their duty to provide safety, manageable risks and human security. (Forthcoming in Lassa 2010, PhD dissertation)<br />
  8. 8. Research Framework<br />
  9. 9. Research Methods<br />Quant. and Qual. analysis of the institutional commitment to multi-hazard EWS development and application with data from 62 countries, including the global dataset (World Governance Indicators) as well as HFA’s progress of implementation.<br />Only simple correlation tests and scatter plots of selected variables are presented with additional evidence from Indonesia<br />Network of analysis of institutions and actors of DRR in Indonesia will also be partly presented<br />
  10. 10. Global Institutional Vulnerability Assessment<br />
  11. 11. Gaps between institutional commitment and implementation prediction!<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Selected results (1)<br />
  14. 14. Selected results (2)<br />Disaster Risk Index (derived from the work of UNEP and Peduzzi´s (2009)<br />
  15. 15. Selected results (3)<br />
  16. 16. Case study from Indonesia<br />Nation wide institutional measures: 500 districts and 33 provinces (of which 200s are relatively new and had no previous experience of old disaster management structures)<br />Of 500 districts, it manages to create 90s local disaster management office (<20%, in average 30 per year, with this average speed, it will have established all in 1928).<br />HFA is the main discourse in the National Action Plan 2006-2009 and 2010-2012<br />Evidence of shifts from government to governance: strong NGOs involvement, local-international interaction, but steering capacity of government remains a challenge..<br />On average, HFA implementation index (subjective) is 3<br />
  17. 17. Gaps in perception on Progress!(Score 1-5)<br />Source, taken from Lassa 2009, . Stakeholder’s self-evaluation in Indonesia (own graph). Data derived from BNPB 2009,Planas 2009, coded data from YEU’s Views from the Frontline Report 2009. <br />
  18. 18. DRR Policy Network in Indonesia<br />Coded from 10 Local DRR Regulation in Indonesia: the graph produced by using Pajek 1.27, a social network analysis software. No of vertices: 77. each node or vertex represent a legal product/a regulation/a law – national and local<br />
  19. 19. Rather in the making of denser DRR networks but .. See conclusion<br />Coded from DRR National Action Plan 2006-2009. The graph produced by using Pajek 1.27, a social network analysis software. No of vertices: 105. each node or vertex represent an actor of DRR in Indonesia<br />
  20. 20. Conclusion <br />There strong evidence of how quality of institutions and governance shape DRR policy/regulation and implementation activities<br />“Good” governance is impossible without good government (effectiveness, rules of law, regulatory quality, good bureaucracy etc.) with a good deal of steering capability. <br />Examples of DRR governance in Indonesia demonstrate shifts of actors from government to governance (hence an increase in participation), however, steering deficits persist. – not a steering deficit by design – as compared to other countries (such as UK)<br />Global scale institutional assessment is possible but more work needs to be done.. <br />A post doc opportunity needed (welcome invitation from interested hosting research institution.)<br />
  21. 21. Thank youTerimaKasihVielen DankMercy<br />

×