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davos 2014-08-25

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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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davos 2014-08-25

  1. 1. Outcomes of the International Symposium on Integrated Disaster Risk Governance, May 8- 9,2014,Beijing,China Peijun Shi spj@bnu.edu.cn State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, MOE Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management MOCA &MOE Beijing Normal University 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Davos - Switzerland Monday, 25/Aug/2014 PLENARY I: Outcomes of Recent International Disaster Risk Reduction/ Management Conferences (DRR/ M)
  2. 2. Contents 1 Basic Information from International Symposium on Integrated Disaster Risk Governance 2Experience and Lessons Learned from Integrated Disaster Reduction in China in the Past 25 Years & Suggestions to HFA2
  3. 3. Contents 1 Basic Information from International Symposium on Integrated Disaster Risk Governance 2Experience and Lessons Learned from Integrated Disaster Reduction in China in the Past 25 Years & Suggestions to HFA2
  4. 4. Overview of International Symposium of Integrated Disaster Risk Governance
  5. 5. International Symposium of Integrated Disaster Risk Governance May 8-9, 2014 Asia Hotel, Beijing, China Co-Organized by United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) China National Commission for Disaster Reduction (NCDR) Ministry of Civil Affairs of China Ministry of Education of China
  6. 6. International Symposium of Integrated Disaster Risk Governance Hosted by Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Ministry of Civil Affairs and Ministry of Education (Beijing Normal University) National Disaster Reduction Center of China State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology(Beijing Normal University) Integrated Risk Governance Project
  7. 7. Participants UNISDR National Representatives including Pakistan, Ethiopia, Netherlands, Nigeria, Indonesia, Netherlands, Switzerland, Mexico, Australia and China. Members from China National Commission for Disaster Reduction Scientists and professionals Group Others (over 120 Participants )
  8. 8. Questions to Answer  What has been achieved under the current HFA in both national and local level DRR?  What are the key governance issues leading to success or failure of implementation of the current HFA?  What needs to be improved in current governance structures and mechanisms for disaster risk reduction in order to implement HFA2 more effectively?  What will be our inputs to and recommendations for the HFA2 with a focus on integrated disaster risk governance?
  9. 9. Main Themes  Session 1: National Experiences and Practices Addressing Disaster Risk Governance  Session 2: Government Role and Governance  Session 3: Science Role and Governance  Session 4: Report and Suggestion to HFA2
  10. 10. Opening Ceremony  Shared with the 5th China National Forum on Comprehensive Disaster Prevention and Mitigation and Sustainable Development, with over 300 participants  Opened by Jiang Li, Secretary General of China National Commission for Disaster Reduction (NCDR), Vice Minister of Civil Affairs of China (MOCA)
  11. 11. Keynotes  Shared with the 5th China National Forum on Comprehensive Disaster Prevention and Mitigation and Sustainable Development  Keynote by Margareta Wahlström, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction  Titled as Post-2015 International DRR and HFA2  Introduced global strategy and goals of DRR  Promoted agenda of post-2015 framework
  12. 12. Keynotes  Keynote by Jiang Li, Vice Minister of Civil Affairs of China  Titled as Integrating DRR into National Sustainable Development  Introduced China’s experience and lessons learned in DRR with emphasis of the implementation of the national plan for comprehensive disaster prevention and reduction
  13. 13. Keynotes  Keynote by Qin Dahe, Chairman of the Experts Committee of NCDR, Laureate of 2013 Volvo Environment Prize  Titled as Scientific Questions in Climate Change and Future Earth  Highlighted findings from IPCC WG1  Introduced and promoted the Future Earth
  14. 14. Keynotes  Keynote by Zheng Gongcheng, Vice Chairman of the Experts Committee of NCDR, Professor of Renmin University of China  Titled as Comprehensive Reform and Institutional Development of DRR Schemes  Discussed main tasks of institutional reform for DRR  Emphasized the utilization of public resource to foster investment in DRR through innovative policies
  15. 15. Session 1: National Experiences and Practices Addressing Disaster Risk Governance  Pakistan, Ethiopia, Netherlands, Nigeria, Indonesia, Netherlands, Switzerland, Mexico and Australia shared their progress in past 10 years addressing HFA  Introduced progress in DRR legislation and institution building  Emphasized importance of integrating DRR with national economic development and national livelihood plans  Suggested HFA2 to coordinate national goals of economic development, strengthening DRR investment in all related domains
  16. 16. Session 2: Government Role and Governance  China introduced its implementation of national plan for comprehensive disaster prevention and reduction, from perspectives of national investment in DRR infrastructure, safety school program, DRR science and technology development, DRR financing, DRR education and international cooperation.  International experts discussed:  Government role to promote community actions  Government role to coordinate DRR with climate change adaptation  Government role to strengthen DRR investment through PPP
  17. 17. Session 2: Government Role and Governance  Some key questions discussed include:  How should institutions change for better achieve DRR goals?  How should national risk information be used effectively and appropriately?  How should government share DRR responsibility with other stakeholders?
  18. 18. Session 3: Science Role and Governance  Experts from UN-SPIDER 、 ESCAP 、 New Zealand, China and Cambodia discussed:  Implementation of information technology in DRR  Regional cooperation to promote utilization of available S&T resources  Integrative implementation of science (include social science) and engineering technology  Participation of younger generation  Some key questions discussed include:  How to make S&T more practically significant and meaningful in front of decision-makers?  How to fill gaps in DRR knowledge through investment?  How to improve timeliness and effectiveness in DRR S&T services?
  19. 19. Session 4: Report and Suggestion to HFA2  Introduced and discussed China’s 25-year DRR Report
  20. 20. Main Points Summarized (1)  DRR should be the priority of climate change adaptation at global, regional, national and local levels.  Be problem-driven and focus on disaster risk induced by climate change and extremes  Integrate DRR, climate change and sustainable development at strategic level, and emphasize problem-solving in implementation.
  21. 21. Main Points Summarized (2)  Re-think government roles and decentralization  Government roles should be reflected in and based on participation of society and enterprises  Government role to promote actions of communities and social organizations  Government role to create synergy between DRR plans and implementation  Government role to promote DRR investment and returns  HFA2 should pay more attention on coordination between national and local and their synergy of actions  Should be aware of disadvantage from sole decentralization in DRR
  22. 22. Main Points Summarized (3)  Emphasize professionalism, effectiveness and timeliness in DRR science and technology  HFA2 should promote DRR professionalism, through innovative education, training and new disciplines development.  Involve younger generation.  Enhance effectiveness and timeliness of S&T by incorporating S&T development into DRR policies and plans with emphasis of problem-solving and evidence.  Make full use of international DRR S&T resources through innovative mechanism of sharing and transferring.
  23. 23. Contents 1 Basic Information from International Symposium on Integrated Disaster Risk Governance 2Experience and Lessons Learned from Integrated Disaster Reduction in China in the Past 25 Years & Suggestions to HFA2
  24. 24. Risk Level of Integrated Natural Disaster of China
  25. 25. FA & China Comprehensive Disaster Reduction Achievements
  26. 26. China‘s natural disasters display the following features: diverse range, wide geographic distribution, high frequency, significant loss and high disaster risk, which make national and local disaster risk reduction in China extremely challenging. In the past 25 years, Chinese government has actively responded to the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction and implemented the Hyogo Framework for Action.
  27. 27. China‘s main achievements include:  Established a disaster prevention and reduction regime, mechanisms and legal system including the creation of national laws and a policy framework for disaster prevention and reduction, the clarification of central and local government responsibilities, and the establishment of government-led disaster prevention, reduction, and relief system and mechanism.  Improved monitoring, early warning, and risk assessment system including the establishment of monitoring and early warning systems for major natural disasters, the provision of early warning cover and service to local communities, and the strengthening of risk assessment of different types of disasters in major industrial sectors. 
  28. 28.  Established the disaster information sharing service and a public campaign on disaster prevention and reduction including the creation of national disaster reduction-prepared communities, the promotion of disaster prevention and reduction via education and publicity, and the promotion of inter-sectoral disaster information sharing and public services.  Strengthened the climate change response and disaster risk governance including the recognition of disasters and environmental risks induced by climate change, the incorporation of disaster risk evaluation into the environmental impact assessment of construction projects, and the emphasis of disaster prevention and reduction projects in post-disaster reconstruction plans.  Strengthened the disaster preparedness including the establishment of an emergency response plan system, the establishment of reserves of disaster relief materials, the improvement of disaster relief funding and agricultural insurance subsidies, and the implementation of mid- and long-term plans to develop human resources on disaster prevention and reduction.
  29. 29. The achievements outlined above are closely related to the fact that the Chinese government has always regarded disaster prevention and reduction as a top priority and ensured coordinated development in its strategy, planning, and actions. The Chinese experience in the past 25 years illustrates the importance of three shared points:  Identification of the concept of comprehensive disaster prevention and reduction in strategies  Inclusion of goals for comprehensive disaster prevention and reduction in national plans  Actions to strengthen the technological support of comprehensive disaster prevention and reduction.
  30. 30. Although China has made clear progress and gained many achievements in comprehensive disaster prevention and reduction, there are some areas that require strengthening and improvement to further reduce disaster risks.  The synergy between central and local governments requires further improvement  The synergy between urban and rural areas should be further strengthened  The synergy between the government and public still lacks an institutional guarantee  The sectoral management and disaster risk governance still needs to be integrated
  31. 31. Looking to the next decade, China and the world will face new challenges including greater environmental risks induced by climate change uncertainties, emerging risks superimposed in sustainable development, and challenges from globally networked disasters. At the meantime, China has been working with international societies actively to discuss the post- 2015framework on disaster risk reduction. With the framework and action priorities gradually becoming clear, new opportunities of reducing future disaster risk have been brought to China and the world. Here, we made the following recommendations.  Promoting the integration of coping with climate change and disaster prevention and reduction  Incorporate economic development, life style, and ecosystem services to better adapt to the changing environment  Promote a green economy strategy by balancing efforts to mitigate disaster loss and enhance benefits
  32. 32. Green Economy Climate Change Catastro- phe Risk Vegetation Economy Extreme Climate Events Increase PreventMitigate Carbon Sink •Incorporating economic development, life style and ecosystem service to better adapt to changing environment .. •Vigorously promote the green economy strategy by balancing efforts on disaster loss mitigation and benefit enhancement..
  33. 33.  Holistically improve national and regional risk governance capacity for large-scale disasters  Accelerate the transition of economic growth patterns with a focus on structure adjustment supported by innovation and development in science and technology.  Establish a diversified energy security and supply chain system to efficiently reduce the negative impacts of large-scale disaster risks.  Comprehensively improve national and local disaster risk sharing capabilities by establishing a ―global large-scale disaster risk financial management system to realize the‖ risk diversification and sharing in the global context.  Promote the establishment of a global paradigm and an alliance for large-scale disaster risk governance  Develop a global paradigm for large-scale disaster risk governance, to coordinate present actions by the United Nations to improve sustainable development and to complete the global mechanism for coping with large-scale disaster risks.  Establish a global foundation for large-scale disaster risk, to disseminate, transfer and apply diverse science and technology as well as relevant education, to support the UN in establishing a global disaster transfer mechanism, and to promote science and technology advancement.  Establish a global network for large-scale disaster response to develop an enhanced global education and scientific platform.
  34. 34. •Develop the Global Paradigm for Large-scale Disaster Risk Governance. •Establish the Global Foundation for Large-scale Disaster Risk •Establish the Global Network for Large-scale Disaster Response.
  35. 35. Complex and Dynamic Institutional Subsystem Social Subsystem Ecological Subsystem Economic Subsystem Reducing Regional Vulnerability Strengthening Coping Capacity Lowering Risk Exposure Increasing Regional Resilience Monitoring Extreme Hazard Strengthening Infrastructure Capacity
  36. 36. Thank YouThank You

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