5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
INTRODUCTION 
INDIA is one of the most disaster-prone 
countries in the world. Because of its diverse 
bio-geographic regi...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
• Bhuj earthquake (January 2001) resulted in 14,000 deaths. 
• Tsunami (December 2004) accounted for the death of 
5th Int...
14,000 
15,000 
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
15,000 
10,000 
5,000 
9,000 
‘Integrative Risk ...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
* The race between tourism industries, 
population growth, several hydroelectric 
projects are in the fast track in 
Uttar...
METHODOLOGY ( Sequence of disaster events) 
• 14 to 17 June 2013 - Uttarakhand and adjoining areas 
5th International Disa...
• Himalayan Tsunami - A sudden gush of water engulfed the centuries-old 
Kedarnath temple, and washed away everything in i...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
* Over 70,000 people were stuck in various regions 
because of damaged or blocked roads at more than 450 
places. 
* Peopl...
• An important artery connecting the region (National 
Highway 58), was also washed away at many places. 
• For more than ...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
• Although the Kedarnath Temple ( the centre of 
attraction & tsunami ) itself was not damaged, its 
base was inundated wi...
•Even after a week, dead bodies had not been 
removed from Kedarnath town, resulting in water 
contamination in the Kedarn...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
1. Indian Armed Forces –Operation Prahar 
by central command, Army(Infantry, ASC, 
Engineering, Medical corps ) , Indian A...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
•Organized efforts by Indian Air Force and civil 
choppers hired by the State Government, however, were 
successful in rea...
• All available resources of the State Government 
were at the same time immediately deployed for 
relief and rescue work....
•More than 5,000 vehicles were arranged by the 
State Government and approximately 90,000 persons 
were evacuated by road ...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
A big salute to the Indian Army and Police for their tireless service to those in 
need. 
5th International Disaster and R...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
Other Causes: 
• Growth of tourism 
• Unchecked rapid increase of roads, hotels, shops and multi 
5th International Disast...
ADDED VALUE FOR THE POST 2015 
FRAMEWORK FOR DISASTER RISK 
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Int...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
Risk Management 
• The some of the district level hospitals to be upgraded 
into tertiary level treatment centre and level...
New Directions for Disaster Management in India 
•The National Disaster Management Authority 
(NDMA) has been set up as th...
New Directions for Disaster Management in India 
• A National Disaster Mitigation Fund will be 
administered by NDMA. Stat...
• Forests preserve biodiversity and prevent soil erosion – 
vital for the local eco-system 
•Hydropower and other developm...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
6. "Kedarnath temple stays intact, its surroundings have gone with 
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 20...
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology &...
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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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  • DEFORESTATION:
    http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/maximum-devastation-occurred-areas-maximum-forestland-diversion
  • CHANDRA-Medical preparedness for natural disaster in India-ID1015-IDRC2014_b

    1. 1. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org MEDICAL PREPAREDNESS FOR NATURAL DISASTER IN INDIA: PERSPECTIVES & FUTURE MEASURES CHANDRA Hem , PANDEY Ankita, SHARMA Sarika, BHARDWAJ Nitin , MASIH Leela Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
    2. 2. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org CONDUCT PROTOCOL • INTRODUCTION • METHODOLOGY • FINDINGS • ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES- MAN MADE? • ADDED VALUE FOR THE POST 2015 FRAMEWORK FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION • CONCLUSION • REFERENCES
    3. 3. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org ASIA
    4. 4. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org INDIA - Subcontinent
    5. 5. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org INTRODUCTION • INDIA is the seventh largest country in the world . • Total area of 3,166,414 square kilometres (1,222,559 sq mil). • India measures 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and 2,933 km (1,822 mil) from east to west. • It has a land frontier of 15,200 km (9,445 mil) and a coastline of 7,517 km (4,671 mil). • The population is Approx. 1.25 billion • Land - 90% ,Water – 10%
    6. 6. INTRODUCTION INDIA is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. Because of its diverse bio-geographic regions and geological factors, large parts of India are at greater risk of natural hazards such as earthquakes, floods, cyclones, droughts, landslides, and heat waves. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    7. 7. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org India’s Vulnerability to Disasters • 57% land is vulnerable to earthquakes. Of these, 12% is vulnerable to severe earthquakes ranging from magnitude of 1.7 to 9.3 on Richter scale. • 68% land is vulnerable to drought. • 12% land is vulnerable to floods. • 8% land (East Coast and Gujarat) is vulnerable to cyclones.
    8. 8. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org • Sub Himalayan area – Prone to landslide • Apart from natural disasters, some cities in India are also vulnerable to chemical and industrial disasters and man-made disasters. • The devastating nature of calamities in term of human lives and national assets is not exactly calculated but estimated. • Super Cyclone (October 1999) caused more than 9,000 deaths.
    9. 9. • Bhuj earthquake (January 2001) resulted in 14,000 deaths. • Tsunami (December 2004) accounted for the death of 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org nearly 15,000 victims. In June 2013. • Multi-day cloudburst centred on the North Indian state of Uttarakhand caused devastating floods and landslides in the country's worst natural disaster since the 2004 tsunami – 5700 deaths.
    10. 10. 14,000 15,000 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 15,000 10,000 5,000 9,000 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland 5,700 www.grforum.org 0 Oct-99 Jan-01 Dec-04 Jun-13 Super Cyclone Bhuj earthquake Tsunami Multi-day cloudburst
    11. 11. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    12. 12. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Uttarakhand
    13. 13. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Uttarakhand • Uttarakhand has a total area of 53,484 km² of which 93% is mountainous and 64% is covered by forest. • It is considered as one of the most beautiful states of India. • Uttarakhand is well known for Chota Char Dham:- • Kedarnath, • Badrinath, • Gangotri and • Yamunotri. Main rivers-Alakhnanda, Mandakini, Bhagirathi, Ganga and Yamuna. It is well known as the "Land of the Gods"
    14. 14. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org CHOTA CHAR DHAM KEDARNATH TEMPLE BADRINATH TEMPLE GANGOTRI TEMPLE YAMUNOTRI TEMPLE
    15. 15. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    16. 16. * The race between tourism industries, population growth, several hydroelectric projects are in the fast track in Uttarakhand districts. * This region is seismically and ecologically very sensitive and delicate even a minute changes can create a dangerous disaster. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    17. 17. METHODOLOGY ( Sequence of disaster events) • 14 to 17 June 2013 - Uttarakhand and adjoining areas 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org observed heavy rainfall (375 percent more ) • Melting of Chorabari Glacier at the height of 3800 metres, • Eruption of the Mandakini River, which ultimately led to heavy floods near Gobindghat, Kedar Dome, Rudraprayag district • A multi- day cloudburst, centred on the state Uttarakhand caused devastating floods and landslides also. • Heavy rainfall for four consecutive days as well as melting snow aggravated the floods.
    18. 18. • Himalayan Tsunami - A sudden gush of water engulfed the centuries-old Kedarnath temple, and washed away everything in its vicinity 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org and nearby area in a matter of minutes. • 16 the June 2013 - flash floods taken a tremendous toll with an estimated 200 villages affected and more than 5,700 citizens missing/ dead. • severe destruction of property, including heritage and religious structures. • 18th June 2013 - Rescue operation including medical started . • Mass cremation by Government agencies and priests of Kedarnath temple after one week of tragedy. • Resilience – After 11 months
    19. 19. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    20. 20. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    21. 21. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org FINDINGS Consequences – Hindu Chardham (four sites) pilgrimage centers, are visited by devotees, especially after the month of May onwards. ( approx. 0.5 million/yr) • Several houses were damaged due to massive landslides and large flash floods and killed those who were trapped. • Entire villages and settlements such as Gaurikund and the market town of Ram Bada, a transition point to Kedarnath, was obliterated, while the market town of Sonprayag suffered heavy damage and loss of lives.
    22. 22. * Over 70,000 people were stuck in various regions because of damaged or blocked roads at more than 450 places. * People in other important locations like the Valley of flowers, Roopkund and the Sikh pilgrimage centre Hemkund were stranded for more than three days. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    23. 23. • An important artery connecting the region (National Highway 58), was also washed away at many places. • For more than three days, stranded pilgrims and tourists were without rations or survived on little food. •The roads were damaged at many places, resulting in huge traffic jams, and the floods caused many cars and other vehicles to be washed away. * On 18 June, more than 12,000 pilgrims were stranded at Badrinath, the popular pilgrimage center located on the banks of the Alaknanda River. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    24. 24. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Assets destruction
    25. 25. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Submerged Structures
    26. 26. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Damage & Deaths
    27. 27. • Although the Kedarnath Temple ( the centre of attraction & tsunami ) itself was not damaged, its base was inundated with water, mud and boulders from the landslide, damaging its perimeter. • The temple was flooded with water resulting in several deaths due to drowning and panic-driven stampede. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    28. 28. •Even after a week, dead bodies had not been removed from Kedarnath town, resulting in water contamination in the Kedarnath valley and villagers suffered various types of health problems like fever, diarrhoea. •Rescuers at the Hindu pilgrimage town of Haridwar on the river Ganga recovered bodies of 40 victims washed down by the flooded rivers as of 21 June 2013. * Even as late as September, 2013, about 556 bodies were found out of which 166 bodies were found in highly decomposed state. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    29. 29. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Rescue Operation Early Warning (EW)- Following Multitier, multi agency natural disaster and flood EW systems were activated on 18th June 2013 – 1. Geological Survey of India, 2. Defense Research Development Organization 3. Disaster Management Support , 4. Indian Space Research Organization at state and centre level. These led to mobilize the agencies -
    30. 30. 1. Indian Armed Forces –Operation Prahar by central command, Army(Infantry, ASC, Engineering, Medical corps ) , Indian Air Force. 2. MHA- ITBP, BSF , National Disaster 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Response Force ( NDRF) 3. State Level- Police force, Home Guards, Fire Police, PWD, Medical team. 4. Voluntary Organizations- Indian Red Cross and others.
    31. 31. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Rescue Operation • It was impossible for anyone to venture into the Kedarnath valley beyond Gaurikund, by any means due to adverse conditions. However, initial rescue works was taken up in other areas. • The seriousness of the situation was assessed early and both the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and the Indian Air Force (IAF) were requisitioned immediately. • Helicopters of IAF in fact reported in the afternoon of 17 June, 2013.
    32. 32. •Organized efforts by Indian Air Force and civil choppers hired by the State Government, however, were successful in reaching the Kedarnath valley only in the early hours of 18 June 2013. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    33. 33. • All available resources of the State Government were at the same time immediately deployed for relief and rescue work. • Assistance of Para – Military Forces and Indian Army was sought. Total of 110,000 pilgrims and tourists were evacuated despite inhospitable terrain and weather conditions. • Indian Air Force carried out 2,616 sorties and 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org evacuated around 21,961 persons. • 2,000 sorties were undertaken by civilian helicopters hired by the State Government to evacuate the stranded persons. • 12,000 persons were thus evacuated by civilian choppers
    34. 34. •More than 5,000 vehicles were arranged by the State Government and approximately 90,000 persons were evacuated by road and boats. •The State Government provided cash assistance so that they can take care of their routine requirements while in transit. * Still the number of missing persons in all over the affected region of Uttarakhand is estimated to be more than five thousand. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    35. 35. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    36. 36. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    37. 37. A big salute to the Indian Army and Police for their tireless service to those in need. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    38. 38. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Relief operation
    39. 39. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Medical Relief •Medical Relief started along with evacuation by armed forces medical corps and secondly at the destinations identified at different locations. • Most of the patients were treated at local camps organized by armed forces, Para military and disaster task force. • The patients required referral services were further evacuated by chopper to district hospitals of hilly terrain and Dehradun city.
    40. 40. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Medical Relief operation
    41. 41. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Aftermath • INR 10 billion (US$170 million) relief by government of India • US$ 400.00 million contribution by states of India. • USD $150,000 through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) immediate and provide further financial aid of USD $75,000. • Local people from affected villages stranded tourists and pilgrims, by sending messages to their places and by providing food. • Rescuers also retrieved approximately 10 million (US$170,000) and other jewellery from local persons. • The estimated loss due to disaster was approx. 1000 mill. $
    42. 42. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org MassCremation Government agencies and priests of Kedarnath temple planned mass cremation of the hundreds of victims, after one week of tragedy.
    43. 43. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org ENVIRONMEN TAL ISSUES-Man made causes Hydel power plants Tourism Unlimited building construction Deforestation
    44. 44. Other Causes: • Growth of tourism • Unchecked rapid increase of roads, hotels, shops and multi 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org story housing in ecologically and fragile areas • Failure of appropriate early warning communication system • Lack of disaster management action plan particularly at district and local levels, • Lack of coordination and duplication of work among various players and • Political blame game • Though it was a natural disaster, as per hazard typology, but the impact was manifold due to human induced factors couples with lack of mitigation and preparedness at various levels
    45. 45. ADDED VALUE FOR THE POST 2015 FRAMEWORK FOR DISASTER RISK 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org REDUCTION Risk Reduction • It is suggested that such areas should only be promoted for tourism and do not for extensive urbanisation or a platform of human dwellings • It is also recommended that the hotels and other buildings which are built in this area must have seismic compatibility to ensure safety parameters.
    46. 46. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Risk Management • Special task force units under the supervision of armed forces to be developed and located for prehospital evacuation from the place of occurrence in vulnerable areas • Some establishment like First Referral Units (FRU) under Armed Forces medical Corps to be established in different locations of hilly terrain. The geographical terrain of the area is such that only the army personnel have the required training and capacity to overcome such natural adversity. • The FRU should also help the upgradation of CHCs and PHCs in that area for disaster preparedness and development of disaster plan.
    47. 47. Risk Management • The some of the district level hospitals to be upgraded into tertiary level treatment centre and level one trauma centre. • Finally evacuation plan of victims from FRU/ PHC, CHC to the nearest military/ district hospital to be coordinated with surface and air transport. • Adequate number of helipad may be made for air evacuation of victims and this will also help in transportation of food, medicine, clothes etc near the place of disaster. Regular mocking exercise of relief operation to be carried out on interval. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    48. 48. New Directions for Disaster Management in India •The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been set up as the apex body for Disaster Management in India, with the Prime Minister as its Chairman. * Disaster Management Authorities will be set up at the State and District Levels to be headed by the Chief Ministers and Collectors/ Zilla Parishad Chairmen respectively. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
    49. 49. New Directions for Disaster Management in India • A National Disaster Mitigation Fund will be administered by NDMA. States and districts will administer mitigation funds. • A National Disaster Response Fund will be administered by NDMA through the National Executive Committee. States and Districts will administer state Disaster Response Fund and Disaster Response Fund respectively. • 8 Battalions of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) are being trained and deployed with CSSR and MFR equipments and tools in eight strategic locations. • A National Disaster Management Policy and National 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Disaster Response Plan will also be drawn up.
    50. 50. • Forests preserve biodiversity and prevent soil erosion – vital for the local eco-system •Hydropower and other development projects must not be allowed without compensatory afforestation • Environmental governance is one of the tools that offer important opportunities for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction and, thus, addressing the sustainable development goals 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Forest & Environmental Preservation
    51. 51. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Resilience The worship and tourism restarted after 11 months
    52. 52. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org CONCLUSION • States can evolve pan-Himalayan strategy common policies based on the region’s natural resources forests, water, biodiversity, organic and specialty foods, nature tourism – but without adverse effect to the environment. • Geographic location of Uttarakhand requires special medical preparedness disaster plan . • Medical preparedness for natural disaster to be strengthened by establishing the FRU, tertiary level treatment centre including level one trauma centre, coordination with armed forces and evacuation plan.
    53. 53. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Lessons Learnt • Be Prepared : Preparedness and Mitigation is bound to yield more effective returns than distributing relief after a disaster. • Create a Culture of Preparedness and Prevention. • Evolve a code of conduct for all stake-holders
    54. 54. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org REFERENCES 1. Patra, Jyotiraj; Kantariya, Komal (2014). Science–policy interface for disaster risk management in India: towards an enabling environment. Current Science, Vol. (106) 20 2. A Critical Look at India’s Disaster Management: Lessons from the Uttarakhand http://socialissuesindia.wordpress.com 3. "India raises flood death toll to 5,700 as all missing persons now presumed dead”CBS News. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 4. Sharma, Manish; Mishra, Sunil, K.1; Tyagi, Shuchi (2013) The Impact of Torrential Rainfall in Kedarnath, Uttarakhand, India during June, 2013. International Research Journal of Environment Sciences ISSN 2319–1414. Vol. 2(9), 34-37 5. Conference Report (2013). Partnering for Rural Prosperity :Rebuilding Uttarakhand with all stakeholders, OneWorld Foundation India, New Delhi 6. Business Standard. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
    55. 55. 6. "Kedarnath temple stays intact, its surroundings have gone with 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org flow". Hindustan Times. 18 June 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 7. "Uttarakhand floods: Epidemic looms as people complain of fever, diarrhoea". The Times of India. 26 June 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 8. "Char Dham and Hemkund Sahib Yatra to restart from May 2014” IANS. News.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 9. Gupta, Anil K; Singh, Swati; Nair, Sreeja S (2014). Hydro meteorological Hazards in Uttarakhand India, Himalaya - Forensic Assessment of 2013 Flash Flood Disaster: Need of Integrated Planning for Sustainable Development. International Journals of Geography and Environment Sciences, Vol. 1(1), 9- 20 10. "India plans mass cremation for flood victims". Al Jazeera. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 11. Kumar, Amit (2013). Demystifying A Himalayan Tragedy: Study of 2013 Uttarakhand Disaster . Journal of Indian Research ,Vol.(1) 106-116 12. Kumar, Amit (2013). Demystifying A Himalayan Tragedy: Study of 2013 Uttarakhand Disaster . Journal of Indian Research ,Vol.(1) 106-116
    56. 56. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org THANK YOU…

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