Building community resilience by integrating disaster risk reduction and health system strengthening


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Christina AEBISCHER, Anton JOEHR

Swiss Red Cross, Switzerland

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Building community resilience by integrating disaster risk reduction and health system strengthening

  1. 1. Building community resilience byintegrating DRR and Health system Strengthening Example from Honduras IDRC 2012 Davos
  2. 2. SRC International CooperationWorldwide Commitment LRRD Health
  3. 3. Context HondurasCountry  Population• Harzard-prone • Extreme poverty• Weak governance • High vulnerability• Poor • No access to• Unsafe essential services  especially in rural and remote areas
  4. 4. SRC Programme in Honduras Goal Strenghten resilience of most vulnerable communities in remote areas Outcomes (expected) • Increased DRR capacities of the communitiesBackground • Improvement of health status• Hurricane Mitch (1998) • Established coordination• 2 intervention areas mecanisms and synergies• Different entry points and history Health - DRR• Parallel components 2005-09• Partner Honduran Red Cross
  5. 5. Characteristics of resilient communities IFRC
  6. 6. Key features to resilience buildingA safe and resilient community.. .. is knowledgeable and healthy. It has the ability to assess, manage and monitor its risks. It can learn new skills and build on past experiences• Community-based capacity strengthening in health and disaster management in each community• Working at household, community, school and municipality level• Science & traditional knowledge improves ability to new and changing risks
  7. 7. Key features to resilience organized. It has the capacity to identify problems, establish priorities and act.• Local risk analysis – Input for regional development and mitigation plans• Community mobilization and empowerment• Community-based capacity building relevant in a context marked by weak governance and politically highly volatile situations.
  8. 8. Key features to resilience connected. It has relationships with external actors who provide a wider supportive environment, and supply goods and services when needed.• not only linked to but recognized by the regional and national health and disaster management• bottom up system strengthening
  9. 9. Key features to resilience building..has infrastructure and services. It has strong housing, transport, power, water and sanitation systems. It has the ability to maintain, repair and renovate them• Adapted technological interventions and infrastructure as important component for mitigating local risks.• hardware as a means for software: communities fully participating in planning, fund raising, implementation and maintenance.
  10. 10. Key features to resilience building.. can manage its natural assets. It recognizes their value and has the ability to protect, enhance and maintain them.• Local management and implementation capacities• Environmental health – healthy environment circle leading to comprehensive  Resource management  Cooperation of actors  Wider monitoring focus on slow onset disasters
  11. 11. Challenges• Volatile security• Public staff turnover• Volunteering• Funding for long term learning and transformation processes• Lack of in-country science and adapted technology development
  12. 12. ConclusionsPositive intermediate results• Health status• Access to health services• DRR capacities and resources• Identified interfaces DRR - HealthOngoing strengthening community based integrated DRR & health work, leading to• Increased effectiveness and efficiency• Better use of existing resources• Community resilience