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Assessing the Impacts and Developing Adaptation Strategies Using Application of Electronic Governance and ICTs For Climate Change


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K.L. Chaudhari1, Upena Dalal1, Kishor Kulat2

1Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute Of Technology,Surat , India; 2Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology ,Nagpur ,India

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Assessing the Impacts and Developing Adaptation Strategies Using Application of Electronic Governance and ICTs For Climate Change

  1. 1. <ul><li>3rd International Disaster and Risk Conference, IDRC- Davos 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Risk, Disasters, Crisis and Global Change -From Threats to Sustainable Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>30 May - 3 June 2010 ¦ Davos, Switzerland </li></ul><ul><li>The Davos Congress Center,Davos, </li></ul><ul><li>Switzerland. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Training Session on: Assessing the Impacts and Developing Adaptation Strategies Using Application of Electronic Governance and ICTs For Climate Change Organised by : Institute For Sustainable Development And Research , ISDR ,India . Date : 30 May 2010 , Location : Rinerhorn & Strela. Time : 12.30 pm to 03.30 pm
  3. 3. K.L. Chaudhari 1 , Upena Dalal 1 , Kishor Kulat 2 1 Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute Of Technology,Surat , India; 2 Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology ,Nagpur ,India
  6. 6. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>a)To identify the critical parameters in Electronic Governance for rural development with reference to different services. </li></ul><ul><li>b)To disseminate the information required for Electronic Governance for planning, development and management of different rural services , </li></ul><ul><li>c)To develop the E-Governance plan/ model using ICTs and wireless Technologies for different services . </li></ul>
  7. 7. CONSIDERATION <ul><li>i)Selection of Location : Rural areas, coastal regions , disaster prone region, agro climate zones. </li></ul><ul><li>ii)Selection of Target group/beneficiaries: Economically disadvantaged sections of the society, self help groups , coastal communities ,Farmers , Fishermen, agriculture labours. </li></ul><ul><li>iii)Selection of Stake holders: Central /state Government, NGO, District Administration, Village Panchayats, Local Communities, agriculture industries, rural industries </li></ul>
  8. 8. Introduction <ul><li>E-governance is the application of information & communication technologies and wireless Technologies to transform the efficiency, effectiveness, transparency and accountability with in government, between govt. & govt. agencies of National, State, Municipal & Village levels, citizen & businesses, and to empower citizens through access & use of information . </li></ul>
  9. 9. Introduction cont. <ul><li>Electronic Governance is an </li></ul><ul><li>Effective and Efficient Tool for -- </li></ul><ul><li>*Improving Local Administration . </li></ul><ul><li>*Services to the People . </li></ul><ul><li>*Better Utilization of Local Resources </li></ul><ul><li>*Financial Management </li></ul><ul><li>*Data Base Management at Local Level. </li></ul><ul><li>* Access to information and communication resources. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Introduction cont. <ul><li>Electronic Governance is a growing phenomenon within public sector institutions around the world and is emerging as a significant discipline within the field of public administration </li></ul><ul><li>E-Governance is the movement of governments online to deliver their services and programs, to provide government information, and to interact with the citizen, all electronically. This is resulting in the formation of new relationships between the citizen and the state . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Scope Of The Research <ul><li>*The Government of India Has Prepared the National E-Governance Plan for 10 lakhs villages in India . </li></ul><ul><li>* Possibilities for provision of e-governance, entertainment, education, telemedicine, e-commerce, info-services through digital and wireless technologies . </li></ul><ul><li>* All the services at Local level will be managed through E-Governance . </li></ul><ul><li>* National e-identity (Unique identity) project is biggest e-governance project in the World. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Scope Of The Research continued <ul><li>Possible E-Governance Services related to various Economic and Social Sectors which can be delivered through ICTs and Wireless Technologies </li></ul>
  13. 13. Existing wireless technology and application Application Existing standard/technology Mobile telephony (digital cellular telephony) GSM,CDMA (IS-95 TO CDMA 2000), WCDMA-UMTS Wireless LAN/MAN/WAN IEEE802.11(Wi-Fi) ,802.16(WiMAX) Personal area communication Bluetooth
  14. 14. Existing wireless technology and application cont. Digital audio broad cast, HD radio ,DRM DAB Digital video broadcast ,DTH through satellite DVB Mobile satellite communication Global communication Iridium, UMTS,GPS Mobile internet access GPRS, Mobile IPV6,WAP Wireless local loops DECT, CorDECT, CDMA,GSM Mobile adhoc networks ALL WLAN/WAN standards AND Bluetooth ,sensor N/W
  15. 15. Indian Telecom Market <ul><li>More than 500 Million Telephone Customers </li></ul><ul><li>Teledensity is more than 30%. </li></ul><ul><li>Second Largest Mobile Country. </li></ul><ul><li>Fastest Growing Telecom Nation in the world – growing @ 8-9 million connections per month. </li></ul><ul><li>Compounded customer growth of around 40.68% p.a. for the last 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>Rising Mobility, Declining fixed line. </li></ul><ul><li>Growing popularity of Internet and Broadband. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approx. 77.18 million internet customers [As on 31.03.2008] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approx. 3.87 million Broadband Customers [As on 31.03.2008 </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. corDECT - WLL <ul><li>Technology developed by IIT Madras & Midas communications. </li></ul><ul><li>Cost effective WLL system specially developed for Indian rural conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Very good feature with 8/36 hrs battery back up and working range of 80/290 v ac </li></ul><ul><li>having respectable protection up to 550 v </li></ul><ul><li>Provides simultaneous voice & internet access ( at much higher rate of 35/70 kbps) </li></ul><ul><li>Possibilities to full-fledged 3G+ system with advanced features like fast download from internet </li></ul>
  17. 17. Status of GSM coverage <ul><li>GSM Network has primarily been designed for coverage of cities/towns (10 million lines). </li></ul><ul><li>National and State Highways and main Railway routes have been provided with planned coverage. </li></ul><ul><li>Rural areas / Villages falling enroute are getting Incidental coverage by GSM signal. </li></ul><ul><li>Penetration of GSM coverage has been planned to provide planned coverage to Tehsils/Block HQ </li></ul><ul><li>including smaller towns and villages with (5,000population). </li></ul><ul><li>Implications has limitations for small Areas for GSM mobile applications </li></ul>
  18. 18. W i-Max <ul><li>W i-max is a wireless solution for communication </li></ul><ul><li>It can be used for Telephony, Broadband services as well as Network Backhauling . </li></ul><ul><li>It uses IEEE 802.16 Standard. </li></ul><ul><li>Its remote connectivity is up to 50 kms </li></ul>
  19. 20. Model : (RKC ) By M S Swami Nathan Research foundations <ul><li>The local able to run the centers when the implementing agency moves to other regions. </li></ul><ul><li>The hub centre and RKCs acted as a rural library and much more . </li></ul><ul><li>Each hub centre cover 25 to 30 villages within a radius of 60 km. Each hub centre consist of at least three networked computers, one scanner, two web cameras, internet facility, one printer, one digital camera, solar backup facility, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The RKCs located in a public place and not associated with one group or caste and allowed everyone to take part. Each RKCs have two-way </li></ul><ul><li>communication with hub. RKC consist of two to three computers [depending on village population / needs], a web camera, phone, a printer, notice board, etc </li></ul><ul><li>WLL technology used </li></ul>
  20. 21. Technology and Business Models Prof. Ashok Jhunjhunwala ,IITM, Chennai <ul><ul><li>1 Learning typing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 Computer education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Photography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 movies on CD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 DTP work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 Email/voice & video mail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 E-Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 Video conferencing providing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tele-medicine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vet Care </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E-learning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E-Agriculture </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 27. ICT Infrastructure for Rural e-Governance Applications By Prof T.P.Rama Rao( Centre for Electronic Governance ,IIIM, Ahmedabad ) <ul><li>The rural ICT solutions are normally offered through internet portals hosted on a delivery web server to provide access to the citizens through inexpensive internet medium. </li></ul><ul><li>The information flow between the delivery server and the other departments is accomplished through Intranet / LAN connectivity with servers of those departments (if exist). </li></ul><ul><li>It may be noticed that the end-to-end connectivity between the central service providers (district administrations, cooperative unions etc.) and the citizens is accomplished through a number of stages involving several agencies. </li></ul><ul><li>These stages, the technologies and agencies involved in offering the services are presented in the Table in next slide </li></ul>
  22. 28. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Information and communication technologies are viewed as an efficient tool for information delivering to the rural community including farmers in India . </li></ul><ul><li>The E- Governance and wireless communication technologies can be used for empowering the farming communities and rural communities for economic development of rural region. </li></ul><ul><li>The farmers can get the agriculture marketing information through E- Governance. </li></ul><ul><li>The wireless communications can be used not only for the decision making in agriculture such as selection of crops, fertilizers, water requirement etc but also for different agriculture services such as harvesting, marketing, processing etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The application of E-Governance in agriculture sector is also helpful in management of data base of agriculture labours, health of farmer and labours. etc </li></ul>
  23. 29. REFERENCES <ul><li>1. Backus Michel ( no. 3 ,April 2001) research report ,E-Governance and Developing Countries. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Bharat sanchar Nigam limited (BSNL) ,2005 presentation in west Bengal, Urban And Rural </li></ul><ul><li>context, BSNL Services in rural area of west Benga l. </li></ul><ul><li>3.Bhagwat Pravin, Singh Dheeraj and Raman Bhaskaran Dept of CSE IIT Kanpur. 2001- 2004: Report </li></ul><ul><li>pp.1-35 Digital Gangetic plans (DGP): 802.11- based low cost networking Rural areas . </li></ul><ul><li>4. Howard Joy, Charis Simms, Erik Simanis, July 2001 , A digital dividend study by the </li></ul><ul><li>World resources institute, What works: N- LOGUES Rural connectivity model . </li></ul><ul><li>5.Kanugo Vikas, Chairman –SPEG, CMD- internet consortium India private limited. Citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Centre- E-Governance in India-Strategies for today, vision for future. </li></ul><ul><li>6.Jain Palvia Shailendra C and sharma Sushil S. (2003) E-Government and E-Governance: </li></ul><ul><li>Definitions/Domain Framework and Status around the World . </li></ul><ul><li>7.Riley Cathia Gilbert, MA Law, Research fellow ,Common wealth centre For E Governance, </li></ul><ul><li>2003,The changing Role of the citizen in the E- Governance and E- Democracy equation </li></ul><ul><li>(Thesis report ). </li></ul><ul><li>8.Prof. Rao T.P. Rama, Centre for Electronic Governance, Indian Institute of Management, </li></ul><ul><li>Ahmedabad,ICT and e-Governance for Rural development. </li></ul><ul><li>9.Swami Nathan M .S. Research foundation report As Experienced through the Information Village </li></ul><ul><li>Research Project and Jamsetji Tata National Virtual Academy, Toolkit for setting Up rural </li></ul><ul><li>knowledge Centre (RKC). </li></ul><ul><li>10. Dr.Dalal Upena(2009) ‘wireless communication ‘, Oxford university press, Delhi, India. </li></ul><ul><li>11 Mark Jon W. and Zhuang weihua(2003) ‘ wireless communication and networking’ , Pearson education. </li></ul><ul><li>12.Prof. Jhunjhunwala Ashok, IITM, Chennai, India ,technology and business model using rural India as an example. </li></ul><ul><li>13 Raman Bhaskran and Chebrolu Kameswari, Dept of CSE ,IIT, Kanpur , Experiences in using WiFi </li></ul><ul><li>for rural internet in India , PP. 104-110 </li></ul><ul><li>14 Sen Sayandeep and Kole Sukant and Bhaskaran Raman, Dept. of CSE, IIT, Kanpur , Rural </li></ul><ul><li>telephony: A socio economic case study. </li></ul><ul><li>15 </li></ul><ul><li>16 Mr. Soumya Roy, General Manager – Network, Reliance Communication Ltd ,Mumbai </li></ul>
  24. 30. THANK YOU