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Application of "One Health" in the EU


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Application of "One Health" in the EU

  1. 1. Application of“One Health” in the EU Francisco Reviriego Alberto Laddomada DG Health and Consumers European Commission 1
  2. 2. Food safety- Increased risks related to a changing environment andglobalization- An integrated approach from farm to table, coveringall sectors of the food chain: - pesticides and plant health, - feed production, - animal health and veterinary drugs, - processing, storage, transport and sail of food; - imports and exports- Final goal: High level of human health protection
  3. 3. Foodborne and non-foodborne zoonoses in domestic and wild animals• - Salmonella, Campylobacter, BSE• - Brucellosis, Tuberculosis• - Influenza viruses, Rabies, West Nile Fever The advantages of the « one health » approach more and more evident in particular for the non-foodborne zoonoses
  4. 4. Anti Microbial Resistence (AMR) - Inappropriate use in human and veterinary medicine• - Use for non-therapeutic purposes• - Pollution of the environment by antimicrobials• - 25 000 extra human deaths /year• - Healthcare losses and productivity losses estimated at € 1.5 billion• - Global public health concernNeed for a holistic approach = One Health • (Commission Communication of 15/11/2011)
  5. 5. Anti Microbial Resistence (AMR)- Action plan:• The Joint Report of the three relevant EU agencies: EFSA, ECDC, EMA showed the need for more action regarding AMR.• The European Commission decided to adopt an action plan to combat AMR based on Staff working paper 2009 and public consultation, Council conclusions on AMR and EP resolutions on AMR
  6. 6. Anti Microbial Resistence (AMR)- Actions in the action plan: - promote appropriate use of antimicrobials in animals and humans - strengthen the regulatory framework on vet medicines and medicated feed - strengthen prevention in health care settings and farms - develop new effective antimicrobials or alternatives to treatments - join forces at international level - reinforcing research
  7. 7. The Schmallenberg virus- Orthobunyavirus newly detected in ruminants inthe EU as from November 2011- Unknown origin, but similar to other viruses ofruminants found in Africa, Asia, Australia- Limited impact on animal health, but it raisedconcerns from a public health perspective- Close cooperation between scientists and riskassessors (ECDC, EFSA) to determine possibleimpact on human health- No evidence that is able to cause disease inhumans, but situation still kept under review 7
  8. 8. One Health: more than a concept- it is a common effort on, in particular on: - data sharing - coordinated communication- that leads to success minimizing economicimpacts-as demonstrated by the best practices: - in 2009 the statements made OIE, WHO, FAO, WTO, ECDC, EFSA on H1N1 adequately addressed the issue of food safety = no drop on pigmeat consumption - years before, the H5N1 caused as drop in poulty 8 meat consumtion…
  9. 9. Thank you 9