A training program for disaster mitigation through urban planning

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Handan TURKOGLU

Istanbul Technical University, Turkey, Republic of

Published in: Education, Technology, Real Estate
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A training program for disaster mitigation through urban planning

  1. 1. BUILDING DISASTER RESILIENT COMMUNITIES TRAINING PROGRAMS Prof.Dr. Handan TÜRKOĞLU
  2. 2. ISMEP Project C.Risk reduction forA. Capasity Increase for B. Risk Reduction Works Urban Planning Disaster Preparation for Public Buildings & Construction Communication Supporting National Systems Decision Makers Works İnformation Systems Retrofitting Technical Personel Capasity Increase for New Construction Public Representative Response Institutional Capasity BuildingTraining and Awareness
  3. 3. Project Process Situational Training Strategies Assesment MaterialsDissemination Revisions Test Training 3
  4. 4. Training Target Groups• Decision Makers (3.5 Hours)• Technical Personel (7 Hours)• Public Representatives(4 Hours) 4
  5. 5. Goals• To prevent the cities from natural disaster• To develop a participatory approach for urban resilience• To mitigate regional, urban, neigborhood and building level 5
  6. 6. Objectives• understanding about risks in urban and building environment• understanding mitigation planning• understanding urban planning as a tool in mitigation• understanding participatory techniques in process 6
  7. 7. Focus Areas• 7
  8. 8. Focus Areas• Earhquake safety and new construction• Existing buildings and risk reduction 8
  9. 9. Training TechniquesGroup Works•Field observation (Community Representatives)•Brain storming and discussions•To develop common mind 9
  10. 10. Training Techniques Training Materials 10
  11. 11. Training Techniques Training Materials 11
  12. 12. Training Programs Urban Planning for Disaster Mitigation Urban Planning for Disaster Mitigation Introduction to Methods and Techniques Introduction to Methods and Techniques Application and Evaluation Application and Evaluation Urban Planning for Disaster Mitigation Urban Planning for Disaster Mitigation Sustainable Planning &Disaster Sustainable Planning &Disaster Sensitiveness Sensitiveness Approach, Policies & Tools Approach, Policies & Tools Strategies Related to Communities Strategies Related to Communities Practice on City / District Practice on City / District Selection of the Work Area Selection of the Work Area Application to the Selected Area Application to the Selected Area Monitor/ Evaluate Strategies on Built Environment Strategies on Built Environment Risk Analysis Risk Analysis Strategies on Urban Environment Strategies on Urban Environment 12
  13. 13. Training ProgramsURBAN PLANNING DISASTER BASIC MANAGEMENT STRATEGIESSUSTAINABLE PLANNING SAVING NATURAL SOURCESDEVELOPMENT MITIGATION REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTIONECOLOGY SAVE ENERGY AND ENERGY SOURCES RESPONSEECONOMY ADAPTING INTEGRATED DISASTER MANAGEMENT RECOVERYEQUITY CREATING DATA BASE RELATED TO HAZARDS INSERT RISK ANALYSIS IN URBAN PLANNING PROCESS INCREASE OPEN SPACES IN URBAN AREAS BUILDING RESILIENCE FOR BUILT ENVIRONMENT INCREASING RESILIENCE FOR URBAN ENVIRONMENT INCREASING INSTITUTIONAL & COMMUNITY CAPACITY RELATED TO MITIGATE DISASTERS 13
  14. 14. Group Works 17-8 People in a independent groups, 30 minutes discussions30-40 minutes presentations, sharing ideas and discussionsCONTENT R LAND USE TRANSPORTATION AND BUILDING CONSTRUCTION COMMUNITY İ DANGEROUS USES NEAR INFRASTRUCTURE NON-COMPATIBLE CONSTRUCTION BEING AWARE OFDISASTERS S NARROW AND DEAD-END ROADS STRUCTURAL CHANGE OUT OF RESIDENTIAL AREAS K DENSE ROADS (LPG, PROJECT GAS STATIONS, ETC.) NON-COMPATIBLE PIPELINE CHANGE IN STRUCTURAL SYSTEM F SCARCITY OF OPEN SPACES MATERIALS ACCORDING TO SOIL ADDITIONAL FLOORS A C WRONG LOCATIONAL CONDITIONS DISCONTINUITY OF COLUMNS & T DECISIONS NON-COMPATIBLE LIFE LINE BEAMS O DENSE URBAN PATTERN NETWORK ACCORDING TO SOIL SOFT FLOORS R CONDITIONS SHORT COLUMNS S CONSOLES 14
  15. 15. Group Works LAND U SE TRAN SPORTA T I ON ... ... ... ...CONTENTS LAND USE TRANSPORTATION & COMMUNITYT DETERMINE HAZARDS AND HAZARD INFRASTRUCTURE IMPLEMENT DISASTERAWARENESSR PRONE AREAS AVOID FROM RISKY ZONE TRAININGPROGRAMS IN RELOCATE SETTLEMENTS FROM REHABILATE RIVER BASINS, DIFFERENTNEIGHBORHOODS ANDA RISKY ZONES STRENGTHEN INFRASTRUCTURE AND REGIONST DEVELOP NEW SETTLEMENTS DEVELOP LANDSLIDE PREVENTION GENERALISE AWARENESS ANDE OUTSIDE FROM HAZARDOUS TAKE PRECAUTIONS WHERE NECESSARY ACTIVITIES AND ORGANIZEG AREAS; TRAININGS AND AWARENESSI AVOID FROM COASTAL ZONES FOR PROGRAMS URBAN DEVELOPMENTE PROVIDE NECESSARY OPEN SPACES;S 15
  16. 16. Field Observations 16
  17. 17. Presentations 17
  18. 18. Training ProgramsEvaluation by participants• Disseminate the training programs• Adapt the program for all professions• Community and decision makers should be participant in the same traing program• Building construction is important part of the program• Local media also should be part of the program 18
  19. 19. Bağcılar ve Pendik Municipality Target Groups Trainings ParticipantDesicion Makers 4 80Technical Staff 7 140Community 22 440 RepresentativesTOTAL 33 660 19
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  23. 23. Expectations from ProgramsDESION MAKERS UNDESTANDING REGENERATION FOR DISASTER MITIGATION UNDESTANDING DISSEMINATION OF TRAINING PROGRAMS UNDESTANDING REINFORCEMENT OF EXISTING BUILDINGSTECHNICAL STAFF UNDESTANDING DISASTER MITIGATION AND RISK ANALYSIS UNDERSTANDING URBAN REGENERATION FOR DISASTER MITIGATION UNDERSTANDING LONG TERM APPLICABLE APPROACHES TO URBAN PLANNING FOR DISASTER MITIGATION UNDERSTANDING REINFORCEMENT OF EXISTING BUILDINGSPUBLIC UNDERSTANDING NATURAL DISASTERS ESPECIALLY EARTHQUAKEREPRESENTATIVES UNDERSTANDING DISASTER MITIGATION AND THEIR ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES UNDERSTANDING THE RISK OF THEIR LIVING ENVIRONMENT UNDERSTANDING BUILDING CONTROL SYSTEMS 23
  24. 24. Reported ProblemsDESION MAKERS UNPLANNED SETTLEMENTS ON VULNERABLE AREAS VULNERABLE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION NARROW AND INSUFFICIENT ROADS WEAK PUBLIC AWARENESS WEAK ECONOMICAL SUPPORTTECHNICAL STAFF UNPLANNED SETTLEMENTS ON VULNERABLE AREAS SCARCITY OF OPEN SPACES VULNERABLE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION VULNERABLE INFRASTRUCTURE NARROW AND INEFFICIENT INSUFFICIENT ROADS WEAK INSTITUTIONAL COOPERATION UNDETERMINED RESPONSIBILITESPUBLIC UNPLANNED AND PLANNED SETTLEMENTS ON VULNERABLE AREASREPRESENTATIVES WRONG LAND-USE DESICIONS SCARCITY OF OPEN SPACES VULNERABLE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION HAZARDOUS MATERIAL IN SETTLEMENT AREAS NARROW AND INEFFICIENT INSUFFICIENT ROADS 24 WEAK PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
  25. 25. Responsibilities Private Sector Financial Support Applications Central Government NGO & RegulationsProfessional Local Financial Support Chambers Government Training Disaster DataOrganisations Control of the Applicattions Financial Support Training Public Public Institutions Representatives Disaster Data Control of the Applicattions Participation Training Universities Research Training 25
  26. 26. THANK YOU 26

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