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5. Jair Torres - School Safety - DRR in Curricula


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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

5. Jair Torres - School Safety - DRR in Curricula

  1. 1. Initiatives for Comprehensive Safe Schools Wednesday, 27 August 2014 DisasterRiskReduction Education: In School Curricula Jair TORRESJair TORRES UNESCOUNESCO Earth Sciences andEarth Sciences and Geo-hazards RiskReductionGeo-hazards RiskReduction On behalf of the Section on Education for Sustainable Development of UNESCOOn behalf of the Section on Education for Sustainable Development of UNESCO andand UNICEFUNICEF
  2. 2. 1.1. OverviewOverview 2.2. Mapping ExerciseMapping Exercise 3.3. GuidelinesGuidelines Disaster Risk Reduction Education: In School Curricula
  3. 3. OverviewOverview • A contribution of: • To:
  4. 4. Mapping Guidelines
  5. 5. Research Aims To capture key national experience in the integration of DRR in primary and secondary school curricula To identify good practice and current gaps in provision To review DRR learning outcomes
  6. 6. Research Methodology • Meta-research of available documentation • (Documentary) case study research
  7. 7.  The 30 Case Study Countries Angola Armenia Bangladesh Benin British Virgin Islands Cambodia Chile Costa Rica Cuba Egypt Fiji France Georgia Indonesia Kazakhstan Lao PDR Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Maldives Myanmar Nepal New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Peru The Philippines Russian Federation
  8. 8. DRR Curriculum Development and Integration • Limited subject carriers for DRR • The problem of thematic scope • Lack of horizontal and vertical integration • The problem of curriculum/co-curriculum interface • Infusion? Vs. Dedicated subject? • No comprehensive list of DRR-related knowledge, skills and attitudinal learning outcomes • Lists of outcomes connected to specific Identification of gaps
  9. 9. DRR Curriculum Development and Integration • Textbook-driven approach • Pilot project approach • Centralized competency-based approach • Centrally developed special subject approach • Symbiosis approach • ‘Special event’ approach Approaches found
  10. 10. DRR Learning Outcomes • Knowledge and Understanding • Development of Skills • Attitudes/Dispositions
  11. 11. Knowledge and Understanding • Self and others • Hazards and disasters • Key DRR concepts and practice • Basic safety measures • Disaster management mechanisms and practices • The environment and the environmental/human society interrelationship • Climate change • Differential and disproportionate impacts of hazards on people • The conflict/disaster risk reduction interface • Human rights/child rights aspects of disasters
  12. 12. Development of Skills • Information management • Discernment and critical thinking • Coping, self-protection and self-management • Communication and interpersonal interaction • Affect (responding to/with emotion) • Action • Systemic skills
  13. 13. Attitudes/Dispositions • Altruism/valuing • Respect • Compassion, care and empathy • Confidence and caution • Responsibility • Commitment to fairness, justice and solidarity • Harmony with the environment
  14. 14. Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction into the Curriculum: A Technical Guidance Tool
  15. 15. Purposes of the Guidance Tool • To introduce DRR into education sector policies, curricula and assessment for primary and secondary school-age children • To provide policy-makers and curriculum developers in governments, NGOs and UN agencies with guidance on how to effectively integrate DRR into school curricula • To promote ESD as a framework for teaching DRR in school • To include planning, discussion, monitoring and evaluation tools plus case studies
  16. 16. The DRRE/CCE/ESD Interface
  17. 17. The Five Essential Dimensions of DRR Learning 1. Understanding Mechanisms 2. Becoming Safety Wise 3. Understanding Risk Drivers and How Hazards Can Become Disasters 4. Building Community Risk Reduction Capacity 5. Building an Institutional Culture of Safety and Resilience
  18. 18. Key Approaches to DRR Curriculum Integration • Infusion into subjects • Interconnected provision • Interdisciplinary provision (Ded. & Cross)
  19. 19. Vertical Integration of DRR
  20. 20. The School as Learning Organization for Safety and Resilience • Close integration of DRR curriculum and safe school practice and management • School as focal point of safe territory • Shift from closed expertise to amenable expertise (who is the teacher?)
  21. 21. Countries where the guidelines have been piloted Caribbean • Barbados • Jamaica Asia • Laos • Thailand • Vietnam • Nepal
  22. 22. THANK YOU! Looking forward to receive your comments: JairTORRESJairTORRES UNESCOUNESCO Unit for Disaster RiskReductionUnit for Disaster RiskReduction Earth Sciences and Geo-hazards RiskReductionEarth Sciences and Geo-hazards RiskReduction