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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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  1. 1. City Resilience Framework: a holistic evidence-based framework for understanding city resilience Braulio Eduardo Morera | Arup International Development 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 supported by © Arup 2014
  2. 2. “By April 2014, to articulate urban resilience in a measurable, evidence-based and accessible way that can inform urban planning, practice, and investment patterns which better enable urban communities (e.g. poor and vulnerable, businesses, coastal) to survive and thrive multiple shocks and stresses.” Opportunity Statement, February 2013 2 supported by
  3. 3. 3 © Arup 2014 supported by
  4. 4. • resilience is not an antonym for vulnerability, or substitute for DRR • urban resilience has limitations to address: power relations, the poor, unexpected impacts • city resilience is about performance: ability of a ‘system of systems’ to continue function 4 supported by
  5. 5. Reflective systems are accepting of the inherent and ever-increasing uncertainty and change in today’s world. Robust systems include well-conceived, constructed and managed physical assets. Redundancy refers to spare capacity purposely created within systems so that they can accommodate disruption. Flexibility implies that systems can change, evolve and adapt in response to changing circumstances. Resourcefulness implies that people and institutions are able to rapidly find different ways to achieve their goals or meet their needs during a shock or when under stress. Inclusion emphasises the need for broad consultation and engagement of communities, including the most vulnerable groups. Integration and alignment between city systems promotes consistency in decision-making and ensures that all investments are mutually supportive to a common outcome. supported by Reflective Robust Redundant Flexible Resourceful Inclusive Integrated
  6. 6. Surat Kampala Brazzaville Dar es Salaam Cape Town Chengdu Hong Kong Bangkok Ho Chi Minh City Semerang New York Detroit New Orleans Cali Quito Lima Rio de Janeiro Concepción Doha Seattle Primary data Secondary data 6 supported by
  7. 7. A ‘resilient city’ is a city where there is or are… • Minimal human vulnerability • Diverse livelihoods and employment • Adequate safeguards to human life and health • Reduced physical exposure and vulnerability • Continuity of critical services • Reliable communications and mobility • Collective identity and mutual support • Social stability and security • Availability of financial resources and contingency funds • Effective leadership and management • Empowered stakeholders • Integrated development planning supported by
  8. 8. supported by People Minimal human vulnerability Indicated by the extent to which everyone’s basic needs are met. Diverse livelihoods and employment Facilitated by access to finance, ability to accrue savings, skills training, business support and social welfare. Adequate safeguards to human life and health Relying on integrated health facilities and services, and responsive emergency services.
  9. 9. Place Reduced physical exposure and vulnerability Indicated by environmental stewardship; appropriate infrastructure; effective land use planning; and enforcement of planning regulations. New Orleans Continuity of critical services Indicated by diverse provision and active management; maintenance of ecosystems and infrastructure; and contingency planning. Reliable communications and mobility Indicated by diverse and affordable multimodal transport systems and information and communication technology (ICT) networks; and contingency planning. supported by
  10. 10. supported by Organisation Collective identity and mutual support Observed as active community engagement, strong social networks and social integration. Social stability and security Including law enforcement, crime prevention, justice, and emergency management. Cali, Colombia Availability of financial resources and contingency funds Observed as sound financial management, diverse revenue streams, the ability to attract business investment, adequate investment, and emergency funds.
  11. 11. supported by Knowledge Effective leadership and management Involving government, business and civil society, and indicated by trusted individuals; multi-stakeholder consultation; and evidence-based decision-making. Empowered stakeholders Indicated by education for all, and access to up-to- date information and knowledge to enable people and organisations to take appropriate action. Concepcion, Chile Integrated development planning Indicated by the presence of a city vision; an integrated development strategy; and plans that are regularly reviewed and updated by cross departmental working groups.
  12. 12. supported by (-) (+)
  13. 13. INDICATOR SUB-INDICATOR VARIABLE PROPOSED METRICS supported by Minimal human vulnerability Sufficient, robust and inclusive housing for all Availability of safe and affordable decent housing (a) Percentage of households that own their own home Percentage of household income spent on housing Percentage population with durable structures Percentage of urban population living in a slum Effective planning for emergency shelter & temporary housing (b) Percentage of population that could be served by city's access to stock of emergency shelters Clean, resourceful and inclusive water supply for all, both daily and during times of shock or stress Safe, reliable & affordable distribution of potable water to households [% of households with…] (a) Percentage of population that has access to safe and reliable water Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source Average household water bill as a percentage of household income Effective planning for alternative (back-up) water supplies [household / district / city scale] (b) Percentage of population with access to secondary water supply (eg, well water, rainwater, tanked supply) Effective planning for alternative (back-up) water supplies [household / district / city scale] (b) Contingency plans developed to distribute water supply in case of major event Safe, robust and inclusive access to energy for all, both daily and during times of shock or stress Sufficient and affordable food supplies for all, both daily and during times of shock or stress
  14. 14. supported by