1. Alexander Makarigakis - Global Alliance + CSS


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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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1. Alexander Makarigakis - Global Alliance + CSS

  1. 1. Initiatives for Comprehensive Safe Schools Wednesday, 27 August 2014 Alexandros MAKARIGAKISAlexandros MAKARIGAKIS UNESCOUNESCO Earth Sciences andEarth Sciences and Geo-hazards RiskReductionGeo-hazards RiskReduction
  2. 2. 1.1. OverviewOverview 2.2. InstitutionalInstitutional FrameworkFramework 3.3. Shaping the ConceptShaping the Concept 4.4. Comprehensive SchoolComprehensive School Safety FrameworkSafety Framework School Safety
  3. 3. OverviewOverview 21st Century & Schools 2012 Thailand 2,600 schools and 700,000 students and teachers were affected by Bangkok’s floods. Damage to educational facilities est. $224m 2011 Japan 733 school students/teachers died or missing, 193 schools were destroyed, 747 schools significantly damaged, 5,064 schools suffered minor damage. 2010 Chile 80% of the 2 million students in the most affected areas resumed school just one week late. School damage estimated at $2.1 billion 2009 Indonesia Earthquake struck after then end of the school day. It caused collapse of many schools. 1,100 schools (3,200 classrooms) damaged. 2008 China An estimated 10,000+ children died in their schools. An estimated 7,000 classrooms were destroyed.
  4. 4. OverviewOverview 21st Century & Schools 2007 Peru Earthquake damaged schools not those built to new codes. New codes require combination frames and 3-foot shear walls every 15 feet. These performed very well. 2005 Pakistan 17,000 students and 900 teachers died at school, and 50,000 were seriously injured, many disabled. 10,000 school buildings destroyed. 300,000 children affected. In some districts 80% of schools were destroyed. 2003 Turkey 84 children and teachers died in collapsed school building in a moderate earthquake. 4 schools collapsed. 90% of schools were impacted and education disrupted. 2001 El Salvador Earthquake struck after then end of the school day. 85 schools were damaged beyond repair. Replacement and repair cost $114m. 22 preschoolers and their teacher were killed in an aftershock a month later. 2001 India 971 students and 31 teachers were killed by this earthquake. 1,884 schools collapsed, destroying 5,950 classrooms including 78% of public secondary schools.
  5. 5. OverviewOverview Why Children and Schools? • Children are amongst the most vulnerable group • High capacity of learning and transferring knowledge • Key role in promoting a culture of safety • Children are the future • Schools are used as shelters and relief centers after disasters (even if is not recommended) • Schools plays a focal point role for gathering the local community
  6. 6. Institutional FrameworkInstitutional Framework International Framework • HFA 2005-2015 and Post-HFA negotiations • DESD 2005-2014 • UNISDR - Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction • RIO+20 • HFA2
  7. 7. 1. Ensure that DRR is a national and a local priority. Strong institutional basis 2. Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning 3. Knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience 4. Reduce the underlying risk factors 5. Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels Hyogo Framework for Action Priorities Institutional FrameworkInstitutional Framework
  8. 8. Decade of Education for Sustainable Development • Disasters represent major obstacles to achieving UN Millennium Development Goals (e.g. 1.Poverty) • Relevance of ESD for Key Sustainable Development Challenges  Building Disaster-Resilient Societies Institutional FrameworkInstitutional Framework
  9. 9. Committed to assess the level of disaster resilience in all schools in disaster-prone countries, and all related government’s agencies to develop a national plan for school safety by 2015 UNISDR Institutional FrameworkInstitutional Framework
  10. 10. ir TORRES, 6th session of UNESCO-IPRED in Lima, Peru, 4June 2013 “call for disaster risk reduction and building of resilience to disasters to be addressed with a renewed sense of urgency in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication“ Institutional FrameworkInstitutional Framework
  11. 11. 1. “Include disaster preparedness in school education programs at all levels.” 2. “Protect and strengthen critical public facilities and physical infrastructure, particularly schools,…,through proper design, retrofitting and re-building, in order to render them adequately resilient to hazards.” 3. To support the assessment of global progress in achieving the expected outcome, four global targets are identified: “reduce disaster damage to health and educational facilities by a “%” in function of number of hazardous events] by 20[xx]”, Zero Draft 2 Institutional FrameworkInstitutional Framework
  12. 12. Institutional FrameworkInstitutional Framework Major Regional Declarations • Hanoi RCC 5 Statement - 2005 • Delhi Declaration - 2007 • Ahmedabad Action Agenda for School Safety – 2007 • Bangkok Action Agenda – 2007 • Islamabad Declaration on School Safety – 2008 • Panama Declaration - 2011 ir TORRES, 6th session of UNESCO-IPRED in Lima, Peru, 4June 2013
  13. 13. Shaping the ConceptShaping the Concept What is school safety?
  14. 14. ir TORRES, 6th session of UNESCO-IPRED in Lima, Peru, 4June 2013 Shaping the ConceptShaping the Concept Comprehensive school Safety
  15. 15. Safe Learning Facilities Every new School is a SAFE school: Select safe school sites and implement disaster-resilient design and construction Wikipedia 2010
  16. 16. Safe Learning Facilities All Schools assessed: Implement prioritization schema for retrofit and replacement By 2030 every school (new or old) is a “SAFE SCHOOL”
  17. 17. Safe Learning Facilities Safe access/egress (including ) Temporary community shelters? Water and sanitation facilities Climate-smart interventions Continuous monitoring, financing, and oversight for ongoing facilities maintenance and safety
  18. 18. School Disaster Management • Policies and guidance • School committees. • Early warning and early action systems • Contingency plans, • Temporary shelters. • Link education sector and disaster management sector • Response preparedness • Standard operating procedures
  19. 19. Risk Reduction and Resilience Education • Preparing for and responding to hazard impacts as a foundation for formal and non-formal education. • Engage students and staff in real-life school and community disaster management activities • Critical thinking for all hazards • Develop quality teaching and learning materials
  20. 20. Risk Reduction and Resilience Education • Infuse risk reduction throughout the curriculum and provide guidelines for integration of risk reduction and resilience into carrier subjects. • Provide teacher training on risk reduction curriculum materials and methodologies. • Scale-up teacher involvement for effective integration of these topics (curriculum and extra-curricular)
  21. 21. THANK YOU! Looking forward to receive your comments: a.makarigakis@unesco.org Alexandros MAKARIGAKISAlexandros MAKARIGAKIS UNESCOUNESCO Unit forDisasterRiskReductionUnit forDisasterRiskReduction