Analogy in GRE

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This slideshow, used as part of the web conference conducted by www.GREedge.com, describes tips and techniques for better scores in the GRE. It helps you find appropriate answers for the questions that test analogical thinking in the GRE verbal section.

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Analogy in GRE

  1. 1. Tricks for solving GRE Analogy Questions
  2. 2. <ul><li>.... What words related to a CLOWN come to your mind when you see this picture ? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Words related to Clown <ul><li>Funny clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Red nose </li></ul><ul><li>Painted face </li></ul><ul><li>Silly </li></ul><ul><li>Tricks </li></ul><ul><li>Laugh </li></ul><ul><li>Amuse </li></ul><ul><li>Circus </li></ul><ul><li>Lacks seriousness </li></ul>
  4. 4. GRE Words related to Clown <ul><li>Motley (Funny clothes) </li></ul><ul><li>Masquerade (painted face) </li></ul><ul><li>Ludicrous (silly) </li></ul><ul><li>Shenanigan (Tricks) </li></ul><ul><li>Chuckle (Laugh) </li></ul><ul><li>Regale (Amuse) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Analogies on clown <ul><li>Clown : Red nose </li></ul><ul><li>Clown : Silly/tricks </li></ul><ul><li>Clown : Amusement </li></ul><ul><li>Clown : Circus </li></ul><ul><li>Clown : Fun </li></ul><ul><li>Clown : morose </li></ul><ul><li>Clown : Funny clothes </li></ul>
  6. 7. What is the formula for Analogies <ul><li>Visualization </li></ul><ul><li>Lateral Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Broader or In-depth or Contextual understanding of words </li></ul>
  7. 8. How do you go about ? <ul><li>Develop an in-depth understanding of words </li></ul><ul><li>Practice a lot of questions. Let your imagination flow as you solve. </li></ul><ul><li>You will slowly develop Visualization and Lateral Thinking !!! </li></ul>
  8. 9. Learning words in context <ul><li>Who does not know the meaning of the word abate ? </li></ul>
  9. 10. Read the news article <ul><li>NEW DELHI May 13 . There appears to be finally some good news on the weather front. The severe heat wave, which has been sweeping over most parts of the country for the past week could abate at least in some areas within the next couple of days, if one goes by the assessment of the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the apex weather bureau of the country. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Learning words in context <ul><li>Now, can you guess the meaning of the word abate ? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it used in positive or negative context ? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you know that? </li></ul>
  11. 12. Read the news article <ul><li>NEW DELHI May 13 . There appears to be finally some good news on the weather front. The severe heat wave , which has been sweeping over most parts of the country for the past week could abate at least in some areas within the next couple of days, if one goes by the assessment of the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the apex weather bureau of the country. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Recap... <ul><li>We have discussed... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>how an analogy is formed and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the skills required to answer an analogy question </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Now let us visit... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the frequently used GRE analogy relations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It will help you learn and relate words in this way </li></ul>
  13. 14. Relation 1: Object : Characteristic <ul><li>What is the characteristic of the tiger? </li></ul>
  14. 15. Characteristic least expected <ul><li>What is the least expected characteristic of a soldier? </li></ul>
  15. 16. Relation 2: Object : Object of Association
  16. 17. Object : Object of hate <ul><li>Who is he? </li></ul><ul><li>What does he hate? </li></ul>
  17. 18. Object : Object of hate <ul><li>Miser : Spending </li></ul>
  18. 19. Object of attraction <ul><li>… Who is this and what does he like ? </li></ul>
  19. 20. Object of attraction <ul><li>Glutton : Food </li></ul>
  20. 21. Object of creation <ul><li>Who is this professional ? </li></ul><ul><li>What does he create ? </li></ul>
  21. 22. Object of creation <ul><li>Cartographer : Maps </li></ul>
  22. 23. Object of Study <ul><li>.. .Study of birds ? </li></ul>
  23. 24. Object of Study <ul><li>Ornithology : Birds </li></ul>
  24. 25. Person : tool <ul><li>Who is he? </li></ul>
  25. 26. Person : tool <ul><li>Referee : Whistle </li></ul>
  26. 27. Person : work place <ul><li>Who is he? </li></ul><ul><li>Where does he work? </li></ul>
  27. 28. Person : work place <ul><li>Miner : Quarry </li></ul>
  28. 29. Whole :Part or Group : Single <ul><li>What is the group shown in the picture? </li></ul>
  29. 30. <ul><li>Archipelago : Island </li></ul>
  30. 31. Object of association OBJECT
  31. 32. Relation 3: Object : Significance <ul><li>See the Halo behind Buddha's head, What does it Signify? </li></ul>
  32. 33. Relation 3: Object : Significance <ul><li>Halo : Wisdom </li></ul>
  33. 34. Relation 4: Object/Action : Function <ul><li>What does a kleptomaniac do? </li></ul>
  34. 35. Relation 4: Object/Action : Function <ul><li>Kleptomaniac : Steal </li></ul>
  35. 36. Function least expected <ul><li>What function do you least expect from a talkative? </li></ul>
  36. 37. Function least expected <ul><li>Talkative : Silent </li></ul>
  37. 38. Manner What is the difference that you find between the two pictures?
  38. 39. Manner <ul><li>This is Eating. </li></ul>
  39. 40. Manner <ul><li>This is gobbling ( fast eating) </li></ul><ul><li>Gobble : Eat </li></ul><ul><li>implies the act of eating fast </li></ul>
  40. 41. Recap of the relations <ul><li>Object : Characteristic </li></ul><ul><li>Object : Object of association </li></ul><ul><li>Object : Significance </li></ul><ul><li>Object : Function </li></ul><ul><li>Implies Manner in which an action takes place </li></ul>
  41. 42. Let's do some analogies <ul><li>Lawyer: Courtroom </li></ul><ul><li>A) Participant: Team </li></ul><ul><li>B)Commuter: Train </li></ul><ul><li>C) Gladiator: Arena </li></ul><ul><li>D)Senator: Caucus </li></ul><ul><li>E)Patient: Ward </li></ul>What is the relation in the lead pair? What is the correct answer?
  42. 43. <ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><li>The relation in the lead pair is Person : place of work. Lawyer argues his case in the courtroom and Gladiator fights in an arena. Hence it is the correct answer. No other choices has person : place of work relation. </li></ul>
  43. 44. <ul><li>Judge: Gavel </li></ul><ul><li>A) Detective: Uniform </li></ul><ul><li>B) Doctor: Stethoscope </li></ul><ul><li>C) Referee: Whistle </li></ul><ul><li>D) Soldier: knife </li></ul><ul><li>E) Lecturer: Podium </li></ul>What is the relation in the lead pair? What is the correct answer?
  44. 45. <ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><li>A gavel is the judge's tool of profession with which he commands for attention in the courtroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Similarly, a whistle is a referee's tool of profession with which he pulls in the attention of the players in the field. </li></ul><ul><li>The options Doctor: Stethoscope, soldier : Knife might also strike </li></ul><ul><li>However, the referee : whistle seems more apt since it also resembles a function similar to Judge: Gavel. </li></ul>
  45. 46. <ul><li>Bit: Drill </li></ul><ul><li>A) Nut: Bolt </li></ul><ul><li>B) Nail: Hammer ` </li></ul><ul><li>C) Blade: Razor </li></ul><ul><li>D) Stapler: Paper </li></ul><ul><li>E) Chisel: Stone </li></ul>What is the relation in the lead pair? What is the correct answer ?
  46. 47. <ul><li>The relation is Part : Whole </li></ul><ul><li>A BIT is a sharp device attached to one end of a DRILL and it does the actual cutting </li></ul><ul><li>A BLADE is a sharp device attached to one end of a RAZOR and it does the actual cutting </li></ul>
  47. 48. Thank you! Did you like this slideshow? Then you would have found the web conference, during which this was used, to be great fun. The slideshow only supported some amazing interactions. Don't miss any more of the action! Stay tuned to www.GREedge.com for more

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