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Pok Panhavichetr: Psychosocial and Legal Services for Women and Girl Survivors of Violence


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Pok Panhavichetr: Psychosocial and Legal Services for Women and Girl Survivors of Violence

  1. 1. Psychosocial and Legal Services for Women and Girl Survivors of Violence Experiences from Cambodian Women’s Crisis Center (CWCC) Mrs. Pok Panhavichetr, Executive Director Asian Conference of Women’s Shelter (ACWS) CHATEAU DE CHINE, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 02- 04 December, 2013 1
  2. 2. Outline of Presentation  Situation related to GBV and Trafficking of women and girls  About CWCC and CWCC’s Progamme Strategies  CWCC’s services delivery  Legal counseling, documentation of cases and drop in shelter  Legal Support Services  Social support Services: safe shelter, reintegration  Key Challenges  Lessons learned
  3. 3. Why Cambodian Women confront with GBV? • Cambodia has one of the lowest levels of gender equality in Asia as measured by the gender development index (0.427) and the gender empowerment index (0.283) • Violence against women is perpetuated by poverty, gender inequality • Poverty and low education has placed women to be economically dependent on heir husbands – subordinate position within the families. • Domestic violence is consistently underreported by victims – women/girls • Women/girl survivors of domestic violence often do not get support due to prevailing attitude that domestic violence is a family matter • With low education women/girls are easily cheated by brokers/recruitment agencies – increase vulnerability caused by trafficking.
  4. 4. Why women and girls fall into trafficking? Cambodia is downgraded to tier 2 in the watch list of human trafficking as the government did not show evidences of its effort in combatting human trafficking. The incidence of human trafficking is high due to: • Low level of literacy and education force young women to take high risk jobs: working in karaoke parlors, beer halls, sex work and/or migrating for work, thus increasing their exposure to exploitation and trafficking • Unsafe migration domestically and internationally to seek for job • Women are vulnerable to trafficking because of the lack of effective supporting mechanism at local level • Ineffective law enforcement at all levels remains a major contributing factor perpetuate trafficking in Cambodia • A culture of impunity was identified by the Ministry of Women’s Affairs as a key factor in the continuing exploitation/Trafficking of girls and women
  5. 5. About CWCC • CWCC was founded in 1997 and registered with the Ministry of Interior in 1998 by a group of women who witness the vulnerability of women and children resulted from gender based based abuse such as trafficking, rape, and domestic violence • Terre Des Hommes Germany and Netherlands are the first donors, who support this initiative • Current Annual budget is around 1.2 m with generous support from TDH-NL, TDH-G, DCA/CA, LO, UNFPA, FWC, GKS, GIZ, Plan international and USAID/Winrock
  6. 6. OUR MISSION To empower women and girls to claim their universal human rights to personal security and to equal participation in community, civil, economic, social and cultural life
  7. 7. The overall Goal of CWCC’s Program is to contribute to the empowerment of vulnerable women and girls through protection, prevention and advocacy in order to promote a peaceful, genderequitable and compassionate society
  8. 8. CWCC’s Program Approaches • Clients are informed by CWCC staff of their human rights under the UN Protocols that Cambodia is a state party to. A Rights Based Approach • CWCC works closely with communities, agencies and authorities to achieve three Strategic Goals of prevention, protection, and advocacy in the interests of women and children in Cambodia. An Empowerment Approach A CommunityBased Approach A Holistic Approach • “Helping Women Help Themselves” means respecting each client’s decision at every stage of their involvement with CWCC. • Developing responsively over time, our programs seek solutions resulting in the successful reintegration of women and child 8 survivors of violence.
  9. 9. CWCC’s Strategic Program Areas PREVENTION PROTECTION ADVOCACY 9
  10. 10. CWCC’s Target Groups Target Groups/Clients: Women and girl survivors of Gender-Based Violence (SGBV): domestic violence, rape and trafficking Target areas: 1) Phnom Penh Regional Office in Phnom Penh with shelter 2) Siem Reap Regional Office in Siem Reap with shelter 3) Banteay Meanchey Regional Office in Poit Pet with shelter 4) Kampong Thom Regional Office only
  11. 11. Why Psycho-social and legal services? • Violence Against women is perpetuated by poverty, gender inequality and a culture of impunity • Lack of effective supporting mechanisms at local level that holds perpetrators and duty bearer accountable for criminal activities. • Women and Girls survivors are confronted with severe social and emotional problems (loss of personal safety, depression, isolation, anger, fear…etc) • Social and emotional problems are often the largest obstacle in legal justice, reintegration and psychological well-being
  12. 12. Monitoring/Investigation of Violence Cases • Interview clients and record Cases • Working closely with community and duty bearers to Investigate cases • Provide legal protection and medical treatment • Facilitate clients to stay in drop in center as needed Clients and relatives PNP BMC SRP KPT Total Domestic Violence 196 81 291 86 654 Rape 98 47 87 36 268 Trafficking 48 37 24 5 114 Total 342 165 402 127 Jan-Dec. 2012 • Refer cases to shelter and lawyers to prepare legal documents 12 1,036
  13. 13. At Drop in Center • Upon arrival of clients CWCC’s staff conduct psychological counseling collect information related to violence cases •Provide legal counseling Clients and relatives Jan-Dec. 2012 PNP BMC SRP KPT Total Domestic Violence 67 48 176 68 359 Rape 23 32 55 16 126 Trafficking 19 35 26 0 80 Total 109 115 257 84 565 •Provide safe accommodation and food (not more than 7 days)
  14. 14. Legal Services • Provide legal counseling to clients and make them aware about their rights • Provide legal Protection i.e seeking court order to protect join property • Facilitate out of court mediation (if clients prefer) • Assist clients to prepare complaints and working with monitor group to collect evidences • Prepare detailed legal documents and stand as their legal representation 14
  15. 15. Achievements of Legal Service No. Cases filed complaints to court No. of Complaints No. Cases passed Trial PNP BMC SRP KPT Total Cases passed the trial Jan-Dec 2012 PNP BMC SRP KPT Total Domestic Violence 69 25 48 29 171 Domestic Violence 30 16 38 14 98 Rape 47 18 20 6 91 Rape 19 24 22 1 77 Trafficking 1 1 2 0 4 Trafficking 0 0 0 0 0 Total 117 44 70 35 266 Total 49 40 60 15 164 Jan –Dec. 2012 No. Cases pending in the court No. perpetrators in Jail Cases pending in the court Jan-Dec 2012 PNP BMC SRP KPT Total No. of perpetrators in Jail Jan-Dec 2012 PNP BMC SRP KPT Total Domestic Violence 96 19 11 9 135 Domestic Violence 1 0 0 0 1 Rape 47 57 7 5 116 Rape 18 21 21 1 61 Trafficking 3 8 2 0 13 Trafficking 0 0 0 0 0 Total 146 84 20 14 264 Total 19 21 21 1 15 62
  16. 16. Safe Shelters • Provide safe Shelter for Women and girls Survivors (6 – 9 months) • Provide food, basic medical care and group/individual counseling • Baby Day Care and facilitate children to attend public school • Literacy class and life skills • Vocational training (sewing, cooking, bakery, coffee making and , chicken/pig raising, small business • Send Clients to study skills outside the shelter 16
  17. 17. Achievements of Safe Shelters Clients and Relative stay in the shelters clients and of Shelters Jan-Dec. 2012 Relatives PNP 88 BMC 94 Clients received counseling service No. of Clients Jan-Dec. 2012 PNP BMC SRP Total 79 59 69 207 79 65 79 223 158 124 148 430 SRP 120 Group counseling I Individual Counseling Total 302 Total Children received education No. of children Jan-Dec. 2012 PNP BMC Day care 26 24 4 Public school 22 22 Total 48 46 SRP Total Clients attended literacy class and vocational training No. of Clients Jan-Dec 2011 PNP BMC SRP Total 54 Literacy class 93 0 57 150 30 74 Vocational training 51 15 30 96 34 128 Total 144 16 87 246 17
  18. 18. Protection Program: Reintegration • Conduct community and family assessment along with counseling • Accompany SGBVs to reintegrate to community (CWCC, DoWA and DoSAVY) • Provide life start up grant • Provide business grant • Facilitate to establish women’s group and if possible facilitate to set up saving group/group business • Regularly follow up to learn about their situation to build confidence and selfesteem (up to 1 year)
  19. 19. Achievements of Reintegration Clients and Relatives received reintegration support No. of clients and Relatives Jan-Dec. 2011 PNP SRP BMC Total Domestic Violence 52 72 48 173 Rape 6 19 32 59 Trafficking 7 0 26 38 Total 65 91 106 270 Clients integrated to employments Location No. of Clients Jan-Dec. 2011 PNP 7 SRP 6 BMC 6 Total 19 19
  20. 20. Key Challenges • Clients do not have enough necessary documents: family book, marriage certificate, birth certificate tec.. • Difficult to access to forensic exam – Rape Cases • Court process is too slow – lack of enforcement of court order  Clients do not trust the court system • Clients prefer to have mediation outside court rather than go though legal process • Survivors of trafficking do not want to file complaints • Survivors of rape (minors) are traumatized and face the social stigma •Psychosocial support is costly - difficult to show cost – effectiveness • Donors are not keen to provide funding for shelter 20
  21. 21. Lessons learned • Counseling techniques: meditation, creative art therapy, social activities…etc. help enhance psychological therapy • Collaboration with concerned stakeholders (gov’t and NGOs) help reach out more clients and facilitate referral services • Collaboration with MOJ help strengthen capacity of law enforcement (e.g Seminar about legal process with judges and prosecutors • The way that CWCC accept only female clients has ensured security in the shelter - no risk associated with sexual abuse • Understanding on Women’s Human Rights, Gender Based Violence and life skill helped build client’s confidence • The Skill Trainers have to work hands in hands with counselors to enable traumatized clients participate in vocational skill training.
  22. 22. Thank You!