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Action Research of Long-term Housing Service for Abused Women


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Action Research of Long-term Housing Service for Abused Women

  1. 1. Action research on mid- to long-term housing services for women who have experienced violence Lu Yongli, Xu Ruimei, Lai Wen-chen Garden of Hope
  2. 2. 1. Background At emergency shelter – saw problem women have leaving violent home 2 Mid- to Housing, long-term Finance, shelter Support
  3. 3. 2. Action Research  Goals:  Document admin strategies & work practices, develop assessment plan, meet women’s mid- & long-term housing needs  Use assessment to gauge program efficiency  Targets:  Establish mid- to long-term housing program  Understand women’s economic, career, emotional, relationship, etc. needs  Clarify the real needs of women & their children
  4. 4. 3. Needs assessment of women’s survivors (cont.) Housing Adjustment New relationships Finance Child schooling
  5. 5. 3. Common needs assessment: Job & Rent Housing, finance/employment • Safe accommodation away from violent home • Common needs assessment: Job & Rent  Most find low-paid work in service industry  Low salary limits housing choice  Most landlords reject single mothers • Affordable housing helps women leave cycle of violence and poverty 5
  6. 6.  Health  Leave stressful environment  Low sef-esteem, low self-confidence  Physical/emotional care, self awareness  No spare cash, low quality of life, health suffers  Life  Housing, accommodation, finance, employment, childcare
  7. 7. Mid- / long-term housing program introduction
  8. 8. 1. Clients Women, survivors of violence, living in Taoyuan, Taiwan Need to care for young children Survivors of violence, ready to live alone Able or motivated to work, no savings Slip through social welfare net No serious mental illness 8
  9. 9. 3. Administrative Targets Mid- to long-term housing for 10 women Long-term independent living assistance Resource networks & adjustment strategies Help women develop career plans, empowerment
  10. 10. Accommodation stages early  Max period: 0.5 yr 1 yr 1.5 yr 1 year 6 months: future life plan, career plan Special cases: 6 month extension
  11. 11. Care Close Standards  housing, health:  Can live independently  No need for social welfare  Can make own social connections  finance, employment  Stable job  relationships, children  Healthy relationship with children & relatives  Children settled in school
  12. 12. Program service elements  Client services  Housing service/visits: 2 visits per month  Employment: information, training, communication with employers  Connection to resources  Other services: introduction to counselors, etc.  Program services  Householder meetings  Empowerment classes
  13. 13. Service Elements finance counseling training housing career relationships children (school)
  14. 14. How we help women rent an apartment  We help women choose where to live based on:  Community safety  Proximity to children’s school  Workplace  Convenience  Women use the internet, brokers, friends’ recommendations. After finding a place, our social worker will talk to the landlord.  Depending on the circumstances, our social worker may go together with the woman to look for a place and talk to the landlord
  15. 15. How we help women rent an apartment  Introduce program, assess client’s motivation, find suitable community  NT$8,000 for rent plus NT$4,000 for each child up to a max of NT$13,000 (min NT$4,500)  Search for suitable housing, based on future ability to pay rent, moving distance.  Cheap rent vs. furnished apartment  Unfurnished apartments have cheap rent, furnished apartments have higher rent
  16. 16. Project Success Indicators  Home stability  Working towards independence  Improving life skills  Health stability  Health recovery  Improved social relations  Economic, job stability  Improved financial situation  Better job security  Improved job skills  Children’s stability  Stable schooling, improved health  Improved parent-child relations
  17. 17. Conclusions & Reflections
  18. 18. Holistic social work – combining direct & indirect services Serving diverse clients  Women vs. children, Clients vs landlords  Understand different needs of children Service and management  Multi-issue programs (different clients, sectors, etc)  Flexible thinking case workers and managers  Micro-, meso-, macro-outlook Family relationships and rebuilding  Help women manage their families and care for their children
  19. 19. Community outreach  From the family to the community  Help to integrate into community Community resources  Community resources needed to support future life  Level of community support impacts quality of life
  20. 20. Program coordinators  Staff qualifications:  Know about family management  Know about child development  Able to do situation analysis, make decisions, connect resources  Personnel management concerns  Prepare for dangers of family visits and complex family issues  Power relationships behind budget resources for services  Need at least 2 social workers and 1 supervisor  Service length & depth  Challenge of recurring family problems  Mid-, long-term housing; single parent  Social values  Value projection (eg: mobility, self responsibility)  Influence on project management
  21. 21. Administration  Housing contracts~  NGO signs  Risk of client getting a bad name, NGO risk of signing contract, risk to social workers  Woman signs contract  Increased self-autonomy, -responsibility, control over life
  22. 22. Client services (1)  Entry conditions  Lowest capacity cases vs. Cases with some capacity  Build service experience with successful cases, develop housing model, take on tougher cases  Clients from different backgrounds  Shelter cases: Have least resources, most chose to save money / gather support to leave home.  Follow-up cases: Many at personal safety risk, not prepared to leave home, follow-up needs not addressed  Motherhood capacity building  Challenges of child care, mothers bring up children in different ways, children different ages, etc.
  23. 23. Client services (2)  Pressure on clients  Unpredictable impact on health, stress is common after re-housing  Apart from lasting trauma, poor decision-making capacity, feelings of helplessness, worry, etc.  Impact of DV  Past married life & intimate partner violence impacts women who want to live independently with children  Fear of unknown  Some women can’t deal with pressure  Counseling for clients
  24. 24. Client services (3)  Life needs  Priority of stable finance  Secondary need for support from friends, housing, work, victim identity protected, etc.  Goal to save money, escape poverty  Spending highest in first 1-6 months, 7-9 months scrape by, 10- 12 months women start saving money  Future concerns  Worried about life after 1-year case period closes  No steady job, need 6 months to adapt to new life  Case benefits  Less pressure on mother and children  Less financial pressure, women better able to care for children, manage household etc  See self through relationships
  25. 25. Client services (4)  Partnership between social workers and clients, finding the balance  Social worker helps client rebuild life, client transforms reliance from ex-partner to social worker  Sensitive to where to draw boundaries to stop overreliance  Social worker’s role “guide” and “analyst”
  26. 26. Client’s suggestions  Need at least 2-year program  2-years needed to pave the way to stable and sustainable life  Influence on goal attainment  Fear of unknown future, health, finance, childcare  Child support  Helps women concentrate on career  Positive about social workers  Social work is the backbone of program, supports women emotionally
  27. 27. Thank you! Tel:02-89118595 E-mail: 27