Theme 4-3 Zuhra Luqman (Pakistan)_Best Practices & Resources Contributed by the Non-Government Sector
Planning Meeting of Asia Network on Women Shelters Taipei, Taiwan 3-5 September, 2012 19.11.12 Seite 1
GIZ• 130 countries• 17.000 employees > 60% national staff• Headquarters in Eschborn & Bonn• Work on behalf of Federal Ministry forEcomomic Cooperation and Development (BMZ: www.bmz.de)• Since 01.2011: merger between GTZ, DED,InWent to GIZ 19.11.12 Seite 2
GIZ in Pakistan• Since 1961• Present portfolio:1. Education (Punjab, KP, FATA)2. Health (KP, FATA)3. Renewable Energy/Energy Efficiency4. FATA Livelihood Programme5. Statistics (Federal Buero of Statistic)6. Geohazard Assessment Northern Pakistan7. DETA (KP, Malakand)8. Governance (KP, Malakand)9. Gender Responsive Policing (nation-wide) 19.11.12 Seite 3
Governance Programme 3 Components Administrative Tax Gender Reform Reform Reform• enhance the • strengthen the • to improve capacities of services ofcapacities and Pakistani Inland government andimprove the Revenue for non-procedures for implementing the governmentalraising efficiency in new legislation and actors for thelocal administration levying a refomed prevention ofand elected councils value added tax on violence againstof KP goods and services women in KP/FATA 19.11.12 Seite 5
Governance ProgrammeImplementing counterparts:• Local Government and Rural Development Department, GoKP• Povincial Reconstruction, Rehabilitaton and Settlement Authority/Provincial Disaster Management Authority, GoKP• Social Welfare & Women Development Department, GoKP• Federal Bureau of Revenue, Government of Pakistan 19.11.12 Seite 6
Prevention of violence against women 4. Impact: 1. Analysis: -Improved services - Data on VaW for female victims of - National strategy violence - Legal situation - SW, SE, WED, KP: 2. Planning: Human resources3. Monitoring - Improve services in- Access to services women shelters - Training on VaW with counterpart/law, police etc - Systematic data collection - Media campaign - Cooperate with CSO 19.11.12 Seite 7
GIZ programme and interventionsCapacity Development of Govt. Officials Provincial and district levelsImproving the response mechanisms for survivors Renovation of shelter homes Provision of socio-economic support Capacity development of staff in shelter homes Improvement in organizational and management structure and procedures of the shelter home to ensuer effective and standard service delivery Strenthening the referral mechanisms at provincial level Implementing the guidlines for Darul Amaans and GBV SOPs (developed by GBV sub cluster) 19.11.12 Seite 8
GIZ Programmes and Interventions Review of Exiting Laws Provincial Commision on the Status of Women Law inforcement agencies Civil Society Organizations Women empowerment wings Social Welfare and Women Development Dept. Media Campaigns on Awarness raising on GBV Documentry on shelter homes Data Collection on GBV First consultation with Unwomen, UNFPA, Govt. Line dept
Competitive advantages of GIZ Trained and experienced technical staff members Presence at the national and provincial level Trust and long term partnership approaches Good reputation at national and provincial levels Guidelines and SoPs (scaling-up approach) Secure funds Balance ratio and mix of national and international technical staff Outcome-Orientation
Support to GBV survivors and referral process1.GBV definition and understanding.2.Kind of support entailed for GBV survivor.3.Essential pre-requisites of the support extended.4.Minimum support service structure required.5.In-house and extended referral support servicesmechanism/strategies.6.Follow-up support for a fixed time frame.7.Shelter rehabilitation 19.11.12 Seite 11
1. GBV DEFINITION AND UNDERSTANDING Gender-based violence (GBV) is an umbrella term used for any harm that is perpetrated against a person’s will and that has a negative impact on the physical or psychological health, development, and identity of the person. The violence is the result of gender-based power inequities that exploit distinctions between males and females, among males, and among females. GBV may be physical, sexual, psychological, economic, or socio-cultural. (Source: Overview of Gender-based Violence in Humanitarian Settings: Protection- Prevention and Response UNHCR Geneina, West Darfur)
“Any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life (UNESCO 1999 p.53)” (Article 1 of the UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (DEVW), proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in its resolution 48/104 of 20 December 1993, defines the term “violence against women” )
Government run Women shelters in Pakistan45Women shelters ( 05 in Khyber Pakhtun khwa and 01 half wayhouse, 34 in Punjab, 04 in Sindh and 01 inBaluchistan), 21 women centers set up byMoWD ( 11 in Punjab, 5 in Sindh, 3 inBaluchistan and 2 in KPK) to protect womenand girls in distress form physical andpsychological abuse. 19.11.12 Seite 14
Guidelines for Women SheltersNo guidelines and SOPs for government runshelters (Government is leading in providingshelters to Women).In 2007, Guidelines formulated with the TA of GTZ. The Police Department, Health Department,lawyers and NGOs, such as the AURATFoundation, Shirkat Gah, Dastak and Médecins duMonde also gave their invaluable inputs forestablishing these new standards 19.11.12 Seite 15
Guidelines at KP shelter, with GIZ TA (capacitybuilding of the institutions) for implementation ofthese guidelines.Guidelines will ;•Women Shelter management•Training of shelter staff•Referral services•Working days and hours•Attitude and interaction with residents•Code of conduct of women shelters•Dealing with residents•Rules & regulation for residents•Discharge of the residents•Records and documentation for residents•Monitoring of women shelters 19.11.12 Seite 16
2. KIND OF SUPPORT ENTAILED FOR GBVSURVIVOR •Information and referral source •Psychosocial counseling and help •Legal support •Safe shelter •Seeking help for reporting •Immediate medical support •Facilitation in collecting adequate documentation 19.11.12 Seite 17
3. ESSENTIAL PRE-REQUISITES OF THESUPPORT EXTENDEDa.Confidentialityb.Maintaining dignity & respect ofsurvivor and her choicesc.Safety and security of the survivorand those helping herd.Non-discrimination 19.11.12 Seite 18
5 STEPS FOR ALL RESPONSES TO GBVLet the client tell her story (listen) and assess any dangeri. Assess the client’s needs and give relevant informationii. Help the client develop an action plan and/or a safety plan that addresses her needsiii. Help the client implement the planiv. Follow-up and case closure 19.11.12 Seite 19
MINIMUM SUPPORT SERVICE STRUCTURE REQUIREDa) A Facility; to report (other than Police), get information/assistance for the GBV survivor- (Drop in Center as first contact point).b) Emergency support provisionc) Extended support processes 19.11.12 Seite 20
5. IN-HOUSE AND EXTENDED REFERRAL SUPPORT SERVICE MECHANISM/STRATEGIES required and GIZ, NGOs are working on it in partnership with Government of Pakistani. Referral networks: in case management at various levels in situations such as: Complete services are not available in-house To fulfill statutory requirement Where government and judicial intervention is required For difficult cases - going public. (Within ethical parameters and principles) e.g. exposing it in media or involving networks to exert pressure on the opposing party or government to take action including.
CONT…ii. For social Rehabilitation/re-integration: in case of reconciliation:• Family counseling and mediation• Mediation counsels (strictly regulated)• Skill and vocational training• Employment sources/opportunities• Educational institutions for education and boarding• Foster home• Financial support and sponsorship• Visiting community support groups
6. FOLLOW-UP SUPPORT FOR A FIXED TIME FRAME Starting from frequent monitoring of situation to gradual phase out. Building and linking community support groups. Structured follow-up programs.
7. SHELTER REHABILITATION Has a complete program and protocols of its own.