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Challenges & Barriers    Women Shelter’s Meet:   Looking for a safe place              for survivorsInternational Foundati...
28 States7 union territories
   Country reaches 1210.19 million of which    63.72 million (51.54%) are males and    586.46 million (48.46%) are female...
PCVC’s emergency & interim shelterprogram for domestic violence & sexual                       abuse survivors  A road to ...
   PCVC started in 2001 as a response to    Chennai’s noticeable absence of support    services for survivors of domestic...
Support             Rehabilitation   Stopping the                        Livelihood options     violence Establishing safe...
Problem focused                 Solution focused   Based on                    Based on positive    understanding of the...
   moving shelter clients away from the past mishappenings   encouraging clients to visualize a future without violence ...
Solution Focused Approach becomes validatingprocess that helps shelter clients to construct aviolence-free reality and red...
   the client is the only "knower" and the    "expert" of their unique experiences,    realities, and aspirations   ther...
   emphasise on self-motivation instead of    educating women about their rights and helping    them obtain needed resour...
•Understand                    and change          Discovery                                          Mode •Sharing truth ...
Ethos of working   Source: Care India
Validating and Collaborative perspective                                            Stopping the violence               Am...
Amplifying                      life goals                    Connecting                       with                      l...
   Undisclosed shelter   Intake process   Risk assessment for lethality and mental    status   Maximum one year   Boy...
   Individual therapy   Group therapy    ◦   Art based therapy    ◦   Play therapy    ◦   Support groups    ◦   Mentor s...
   Free shelter stay and food, clothing and ,medicines     Legal support     Child care     Education al support for t...
Recovery and HalingCenter for Burn Survivors
   Work with a local govt. hospital since    2005   Average of 150-200 women every month   Mainly from lower socio econ...
   facilitate the recovery process of the women    with,    ◦ physical rehabilitation    ◦ psychosocial care (empowerment...
This brings with it a range of challenges…   Client level (individual)    ◦ If accompanied by children    ◦ Coping with t...
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Theme 3-2-2 Dr. Prasanna Poornachandra (India)_Challenges & Barriers_Looking for a safe place for survivors

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Theme 3-2-2 Dr. Prasanna Poornachandra (India)_Challenges & Barriers_Looking for a safe place for survivors

  1. 1. Challenges & Barriers Women Shelter’s Meet: Looking for a safe place for survivorsInternational Foundation for Crime Prevention and Victim Care (PCVC) 2012 Asia Conference of Womens Shelter, 3-5 September 2012, Taipei
  2. 2. 28 States7 union territories
  3. 3.  Country reaches 1210.19 million of which 63.72 million (51.54%) are males and 586.46 million (48.46%) are females. No. women and girls in shelter homes 28 states is 38782 Govt. and NGO run shelter homes For street children, trafficked women & girls, HIV & AIDS, women in distress, drug treatmentNumber of women and girls inIndia (as of 2010)
  4. 4. PCVC’s emergency & interim shelterprogram for domestic violence & sexual abuse survivors A road to understand some of the challenges..
  5. 5.  PCVC started in 2001 as a response to Chennai’s noticeable absence of support services for survivors of domestic violence Astitva, an undisclosed shelter, was started in 2003 after a three year struggle in finding a safe home for the women and childrenHistory …
  6. 6. Support Rehabilitation Stopping the Livelihood options violence Establishing safety Independent living Empowerment & Community life HealingGoals of the shelter program
  7. 7. Problem focused Solution focused Based on  Based on positive understanding of the change problem of violence  Focus on solutions, Focus on problems, strengths and deficits and pathology competencies Engage in problem  Engage in solution talk talkSolution focused approach-Alternate view of change
  8. 8.  moving shelter clients away from the past mishappenings encouraging clients to visualize a future without violence in intimate relationships directing their attention to helpful things that they are doing in realizing the desired change emphasizing their strengths and resourcefulness no matter how small or insignificant they seem to beFuture orientation
  9. 9. Solution Focused Approach becomes validatingprocess that helps shelter clients to construct aviolence-free reality and rediscover theresources they have to achieve to that end.For example: A violence-free reality mayinvolve staying in and changing therelationship with her partner or leaving therelationship permanently, something thatheretofore she has not been able to do.Therapies …
  10. 10.  the client is the only "knower" and the "expert" of their unique experiences, realities, and aspirations there is no one "optimal" solution or one "best“ approach define the goals and they fully "own" the work for a more satisfactory lifeShelter clients frame their owngoals
  11. 11.  emphasise on self-motivation instead of educating women about their rights and helping them obtain needed resources only not make any assumptions about what is best for clients, nor educate them as to what is the right way believe in the uniqueness of each clients experience solution is an individuals construction and has to come from withinFocus of shelter workers
  12. 12. •Understand and change Discovery Mode •Sharing truth •Full attention to using ‘I’ Sharing Active content, meaning statements Truth Listening and feelings Shelter Worker•Uncover beliefs •Notice themes, Surfacing and underlie Attending to •patterns and Assumptions opinions and Mode the whole •implications‘facts’ Suspending Judgements •Put judgments asideEthos of working
  13. 13. Ethos of working Source: Care India
  14. 14. Validating and Collaborative perspective Stopping the violence Amplifying life goals Connecting Establishing safety with life goals Empowerment Discovering life goals Healing Basis: The unique life context of the client + own resourcefulness for achieving her goals
  15. 15. Amplifying life goals Connecting with life goals Discovering life goals •An internal locus of control •Positive sense of self •More aware of their needs and resources •Develop viable solutions appropriate to their needs and life context •Self determined •Decides to stay with or leave her partnerEmpowering process
  16. 16.  Undisclosed shelter Intake process Risk assessment for lethality and mental status Maximum one year Boys above 18 years placed in alternate care Priority if safety is an issue and with childrenShelter processes
  17. 17.  Individual therapy Group therapy ◦ Art based therapy ◦ Play therapy ◦ Support groups ◦ Mentor shipsShelter activities
  18. 18.  Free shelter stay and food, clothing and ,medicines  Legal support  Child care  Education al support for the client  Training in work of their choice  Educational support for children  Assistance with job placements  Assistance in finding alternate stay  Continued support for education  Grocery support for one year after moving out of shelter  Work from home support for additional income sewing machines etc.)Support services
  19. 19. Recovery and HalingCenter for Burn Survivors
  20. 20.  Work with a local govt. hospital since 2005 Average of 150-200 women every month Mainly from lower socio economic 75% fatal 90% due to domestic violence, either self inflicted or inflicted by husband/in laws Mainly kerosene burnsVidiyal (meaning dawn)
  21. 21.  facilitate the recovery process of the women with, ◦ physical rehabilitation ◦ psychosocial care (empowerment and healing through arts based therapy, group therapy, support groups) engaging the hospital staff and the family, ◦ stop re-victimisation ◦ smoothen the process of integration into the family and the societyRecovery & Healing Center
  22. 22. This brings with it a range of challenges… Client level (individual) ◦ If accompanied by children ◦ Coping with the life incidents and trauma ◦ Fear of the perpetrator ◦ Co-ordination with other residents- (understanding, patience, tolerance) Structural & Functional ◦ Space (inhibitions of landlords) ◦ Safety and security of residents and staff ◦ Availability of financial resources (insufficient number to attract donors/givers) ◦ Human resource ( skills, commitment, flexibility of timings, personal attitude and inhibitions) ◦ Equipments, tools and technology ◦ Lack of common platforms where organizations running shelter homes come together for learning, sharing, advocacy ◦ Lack of support from the govt. in terms of resources. Community level ◦ Willingness of the client to reintegrate with the community and visa a versa ◦ Livelihood options to promote independenceChallenges…

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