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Theme 3-1-2 Yu-Hua Lee_From Self-in-Relation to Self-in-Self (Chinese & English)

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Theme 3-1-2 Yu-Hua Lee_From Self-in-Relation to Self-in-Self (Chinese & English)

  1. 1. 從 self-in-relation 到 self-in-self --- 談庇護所的經營與療癒      勵馨基金會 李玉華 2012.9.3
  2. 2. 台灣庇護所的歷 史沿革• 庇護服務起源於 1989• 第一家庇護所設立於 1992 ( 善牧基金會 )• 對於庇護服務有整體性的規定始於 2008如: 『受暴婦女庇護安置機構工作人員員額參考標準』等資料來源:游美貴( 2008) Empower Girls and Women
  3. 3. 行動信念• 自助互助 :幫助自己本身、幫助其他婦女、建立自 主獨立的服務• 自決 :增加自尊及自信、獲得經濟上 , 物質上及情 緒上的資源以掌控自己的生活• 充權 :促使個人變成較有能力的、發展優勢和建構 資源遠離暴力或改變暴力關係 資料來源:游美貴( 2008) Empower Girls and Women
  4. 4. 信念要如何落實於服務行動中? -先談庇護所的處境與限制 Empower Girls and Women 4
  5. 5. 100 年個案安置天數區間 ( 寧馨家園 ) 1-14 天 15-30 天 31-45 天 46-60 天 61-75 天 76-93 天 94 天以上安置日數 總計 ( 兩星期 ) ( 一個月 ) ( 一個半月 ) ( 兩個月 ) ( 兩個半月 ) ( 三個月 ) ( 三個月以上 )人數 30 15 6 8 12 8 13 92百分比 33% 16% 6% 9% 13% 9% 14% 100 % 平均每人安置日數為 47 日,約一個半月 左右 Empower Girls and Women 5
  6. 6. 信念要如何落實於服務行動中?  -重新理解我們的案主 Empower Girls and Women 6
  7. 7. 婦女離開關係過程的內 在歷 程 v.s 家園介入的重點 Empower Girls and Women 7
  8. 8.  社會文化、價值觀 先生的家庭 原生的家庭 親密關係的暴力 女性自我 ( self ) Empower Girls and Women  父權制度 8
  9. 9. 信念要如何落實於服務行動中? -庇護所的優勢與可能作為 Empower Girls and Women 9
  10. 10. 改變的三個層次 第三序改變 心靈的 心智取向 第二序改變 結構的 系統取向第一序改變 事件的問題解決取向 Empower Girls and Women
  11. 11. 【自我 外在資源的整合】的 心靈工作修復 團體工作與 個案工作 Empower Girls and Women成 11
  12. 12. 服 STEP4 為自己的生命負責任務 STEP3 幫 助案主為自己做出選擇目 STEP2 提高案主的自我價值 ( 自尊 )標 STEP1 促進案主對自己獲致一種了解 Empower Girls and Women
  13. 13. 庇護環境的經營• 硬體的設計與開明的態度:獨立的隱私空間、共同 空間的設計、自由的管理模式、支持性的服務方式• 日常生活的自立:三餐自理、隨行子女的照顧、共 同維護環境整潔• 做決定和計畫:參與住民會議、參與未來安全生活 的計畫、從庇護所到社區繼續提供服務 資源來源:游美貴( 2008 ) Empower Girls and Women
  14. 14. 安置服務的願景 遠離/終止暴力 庇護服務 後續追蹤 培力計畫基本人身安全保護 社區工作 婦女/第二代兒少 女性自我獨立與發展 Empower Girls and Women 14
  15. 15. From Self-in-relation to Self-in-self ---A Discussion on Shelter Management & the Recovery Process       Garden of Hope Foundation Yu- Hua LEE Empower Girls and Women 2012.9.3
  16. 16. History of Taiwan Shelters• Shelter services started in 1989• The first shelter was established in 1992 by Good Shepherd Social Welfare Services• Comprehensive regulations for shelter services began to be established in 2008, for example the Women Domestic Violence Victims Shelters Employee Standard ReferenceInfo Source: Mei-Kuei YU (2008) Empower Girls and Women
  17. 17. Philosophy of Service• Self-help & Mutual help: Women learn to help themselves, help others, and build autonomous independence• Self-Determination: Women increase their self- respect and self-confidence, attaining control over their financial lives, increasing resource for material goods and emotional needs• Empowerment: Women are taught to become more capable, develop their strengths, and develop resources to leave violent environment or change violent relationships Empower Girls and WomenInfo Source: Mei-Kuei YU (2008)
  18. 18. How to Implement Philosophy in Service – A Discussion of Shelter Conditions and Limitations Empower Girls and Women 18
  19. 19. Days Women Receive Shelter in 2011 (Ning-Hsin Shelter) 94 Days & 61-75 Days Days 1-14 Days 15-30 Days 31-45 Days 46-60 Days 76-93 Days Above (2½ TotalSheltered (2 Weeks) (1 Month) (1½ Months) (2 Months) (3 Months) (3 Months & Months) Above)Number of 30 15 6 8 12 8 13 92 PeoplePercentage 33% 16% 6% 9% 13% 9% 14% 100 % On an average, each person is sheltered for 47 days, i.e. about 1½ months Empower Girls and Women 19
  20. 20. How to Implement Philosophy in Service – Gaining a NewUnderstanding of our Clients Empower Girls and Women 20
  21. 21. The inner experience of women leaving abusive relationship vs. the shelter’s intervention Denial Lost of Relationship AngerSense Lost of of Role Bargain Lost Depression Lost of Security Acceptance Change of Self Empower Girls and Women 21
  22. 22. Social Culture, Value System Family of Origin Husband’s FamilyViolence in Intimate Relationship The Woman’s Self Empower Girls and Women   Patriarchal System 22
  23. 23. How to Implement Philosophyin Service –The Advantages ofStaying in a Shelter and Other Possibilities Empower Girls and Women 23
  24. 24. Three Order of Changes Third-Order Change Orientated to spiritual change Second-Order Change Orientated to changing structures and systemsFirst-Order Change Orientated to fixing individual problems Empower Girls and Women
  25. 25. Restoration and Growth of Self Integration of External Resources Spiritual Work Group Work Individual Work Empower Girls and Women 25
  26. 26. Goals of Service STEP4 Help client be responsible for own life STEP3 Heighten client make choice for self STEP2 Heighten client’s self-value (u’standing self-worth) STEP1 Help clients gain greater self-understanding Empower Girls and Women
  27. 27. Management of Shelter Environment• Design of facilities and progressive attitude: Private spaces, common living room, flexible management styles, supportive services• Independent self-care: Handling of three meals, care of children, cooperation in maintaining cleanliness of living environment• Decision-making and planning: Participating in house meetings with other clients, forming personal safety plans, from shelter to community service Empower Girls and Women• Info Source: Mei-Kuei Yu (2008)
  28. 28. Vision for Shelters Escape from/elimination of violenceShelter Follow-up EmpowermentService Community Women/SecondPersonal Safety Work generation children) Towards independence and development Empower Girls and Women 28

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