Theme 2-3 Joana Gomes (Timor Leste)_Implementation of the Law Against DV
PRESENTATION Timor-Leste 2-5th Sept, 2012 , Asia Shelter NetworkingMinistry of Social Solidarity
Introduction of Agency The Ministry of Social Solidarity (MSS), under the IV Constitutional Government mandate has the responsibility to work on the issues of Social Solidarity-namely Social Assistance for the Poor and Vulnerable; Social Re-integration; Social Security for the needy; Disaster Risk Management and the Affairs of National Liberation Combatants
Mission of MSS:• Promote Solidarity and social assistance to all;• Guarantee Social Security to all; reinsertion to vulnerable groups;• Recognise and valorise the former members of National Liberation Movement;• Assure protection of human lives, assets and environment from disasters;• Organisation Development through institution building efforts
Historical background of shelter in Timor-Leste• The establishment of “shelter” in Timor-Leste has a long history, dating back to the Indonesian occupancy in this country between 1975 and 1999.• In August 1999, the first shelter in the country was established by Fokupers to provide a safe haven for the survivors of violence. The conception of shelter was shaped by the understanding of human rights protection, which emerged under the influence of a group of young Timorese supporters such as Maria Domingas Fernandes Alves, who were affiliated with an Indonesian activist, Galuh Wandita during the Reformasi Indonesia period.
Overview of sheltersThere are 9 shelters in the entire country.The types of responses provided by shelters listed on the table above are categorized asEmergency Care Intervention• Safe accommodation for survivors for a maximum of 3 days• It focuses on providing a safe environment while the immediate crisis resolvesTemporary Care• Provision of accommodation for the duration between 3 and 6 months.• It focuses on rehabilitating survivors to facilitate recovery from traumaLong-Term Care• Provided to those who cannot be re-integrated with their families or with their community• Focuses on building the resiliency of survivors to lead an independent living until a permanent solution is sought.
Profiles of ClientsTarget groupThe target group of the efforts undertaken by shelters in the context of providing safe space is described as follows: Women survivors of violence (violence can be sexual, physical, or psychological) and perpetrated outside the family, that is social violence. Women survivors of violence (violence can be sexual, physical, or psychological) and perpetrated inside the family, which is domestic violence. Boys who are suspects of who have been alleged for juvenile delinquency. Street children who are at risk of violence and economic exploitation. Human trafficking survivors
Services offered by shelters Case Management Assist survivors for medical and forensic treatment and examination Provide individual counselling Provide group counselling for families of survivors Accompanies and support survivors during meetings with the police and court officials Facilitate transfer to a new location as required and requested by survivors
Challenges faced in the delivery of shelter servicesLack of social-reintegration strategiesLack of mechanism to register basic data of clientsLack of shelter to accommodate GBV survivors who are physically challenges and mentally illNo. of trained professionals, e.g., social workers and counsellors specialized in trauma support who can conduct preliminary assessment of clients and case management needs to increase;
Background of MSS work in relation to shelter intervention In conjunction with Article 15 & 16 of the Law against Domestic Violence, the Government of Timor-Leste, through the Ministry of Social Solidarity (MSS) is responsible to establish, manage and oversee the national network of support centers for victims of domestic violence and GBV. These centres shall be responsible for providing direct assistance, shelter and counselling to victims.
Progress Achieved• To date, in pursuant to the Law against Domestic Violence and the GBV National Action Plan, MSS has undertaken the below interventions to fulfill its responsibilities.• MSS has developed technical guidelines on the establishment and management of shelters and reception counters, with the technical support of UNFPA (2011)• Conducted an Assessment of Shelter services in Timor-Leste, with the support of UNFPA (2011)
Progress Achieved .....continue• Provide financial support for the resourcing, staffing and management of existing Uma Mahons (on-going)• Establish the first state established shelter in the sub- district of Maliana.• As part of the GBV National Action Plan, MSS has the responsibility to ensure that adequate Uma Mahons are established and geographically placed to meet the needs of GBV and DV victims who lack community and family protection. It is in this context that MSS has taken a significant step to establish an Uma Mahon in Maliana.
Overall Aim of the Shelter Model of Maria Tapo It is envisioned that this shelter is to be a model shelter that strives to adhere to the operational guidelines and minimum standards as outlined in the technical guidelines developed. It is envisioned that through this model shelter, we are able to develop pragmatic transitional strategy to facilitate existing shelters to meet criteria for the establishment and management of shelters(Uma Mahon)
Way forward• Develop transitional strategies to facilitate Support Centres to meet criteria for the establishment and management of shelter (Uma Mahon) and Fatin Simu Victima (Reception Counter)• Provision of financial support to shelters for staffing , resourcing and management• Develop a decree law on the establishment and management of shelter