Intel Corporation is a portmanteau of Integrated Electronics (the
fact that "Intel" is the term for intelligence information also
made the name appropriate).Intel also makes motherboard
chipsets, network interface controllers and integrated circuits,
flash memory, graphic chips, embedded processors and other
devices related to communications and computing
graphic chips chipsets
AMD or Advanced Micro Devices is a company that has
been producing semiconductors, microchips, CPUs,
motherboards, and other types of computer equipment
for the last 40 years. That makes them the second
largest company in this sector currently after Intel.
Website www.amd.com www.intel.com
CEO Hector Ruiz Paul S Otellini
Stands for Advanced Micro Devices Intel Corporation
What is it?
A company that
produces CPU chips,
other circuitry for
personal computers /
manufacturer of CPU
chips. Also produces
motherboards and other
circuitry for personal
computers / Windows
The product line of Intel comprises of:
Microprocessors: The Pentium line, Celeron and Core. Latest
innovations include the Core i7-980X Extreme Edition with 6
physical and 12 logical cores. Servers: Intel has chipsets,
motherboards, software, memory and many more solutions for
Motherboards: Intel Server series and Intel Workstation series
for servers and the Intel Desktop board for Desktops. Others:
Intel manufacturers many communication and memory solution
equipment and software for Desktops and Notebooks also.
Microprocessors: The Athlon variety, X2, K10, X2, AMD Opteron.
Servers: Processors of the Opteron like are available for servers
Motherboards: The AMD Crossfire series are available in this line
along with many others.
Others: AMD recently acquired a leading video card manufacturer
and is promising more advanced video capabilities coded into
new versions of their motherboards. It also offers software and
memory solutions for businesses.
Competition and Market Share
Intel is the inventor of the x86 series of
Microprocessors and today both AMD and Intel
are competitors at this. While Intel is said to be
the largest producer of x86 based processors in
the world, AMD is number two in it. Intel came
out of 2006 with 77.7 per cent of the x86 CPU
market, up from 76.3 per cent. Its 1.4
percentage point gain matched a 1.4 percentage
point decline in AMD's x86 market share, which
fell from 2005's 23.7 per cent to 22.3 per cent.
TIPS FOR COMPARING CPUS
Intel and AMD are the two main manufacturers on the market. AMD is
generally less expensive and found in many budget computers, whereas
Intel is generally more expensive and found in high end computers.
If you are using your computer to do simple task like text editing and web
browsing, go for the cheaper processor. However, if you want it to
perform more complex functions like video editing and gaming, go for the
pricier multicore CPU.
CLOCK SPEED is measured in gigahertz and describes how many
calculations per second are carried out by a given processor.
Cores refer to how many individual processors are located on the chip
itself. Most processors on the market today are MULTICORE PROCESSORS.
If you’re looking to buy or build a computer, I highly recommend putting as
much money in your budget as possible towards your processor. It is the
hardest item to replace in a computer, while other components such as
memory and hard drives are easy to replace down the road.
Clock speed is pretty simple to understand - it’s how many calculations a
processor can crunch in a single second. This is generally measured in
gigahertz, abbreviated GHz. For example, if a processor says 3GHz, that
means it can perform 3 billion calculations per second.
Think of it like this, you have 4 engineers in a room solving math
problems. They can each solve a problem at the same speed. So if you
give them 100 problems, each will solve 25 problems and it would be
done 4 times faster than if you had one engineer.
Cores on the other hand are how many individual processors
are combined onto one board. So if a processor says it has 4
cores, then that means that there are 4 processors combined
onto one processor. Having multiple cores on a computer will
allow multiple tasks to be carried out at once more efficiently.
NUMBER OF CORES
Generally speaking, AMD’s
chips are cheaper than their
Not really cheap but
it is cool to buy
Not really expensive, but you
need to check your bills
before getting one
CPUs have a fixed clock speed, and they’re typically set at
a level which ensures that they’ll remain stable while
performing optimally. Users looking to get more
performance out of their CPU sometimes perform a
tweak to the processor known as “overclocking,” which
increases the CPU’s clock speed above the base
rate. AMD chips are solid options for overclocking, given
that they typically offer more cores for less money, and
are more receptive to users tinkering with their settings.
Intel chips are typically locked at their default clock
speed, without the option to overclock them unless you
opt for an unlocked version of their CPUs.
GPU (Graphics Processor Unit) efficiency is one area
where picking a CPU can get tricky. AMD processors can
save you a good deal of money, but more powerful Intel
i5 and i7 CPUs can take significantly better advantage of
a high-end graphics card if you’re working with a higher
budget. There can be a real, measurable difference in
frame rate and latency when comparing how an Intel
chip and an AMD chip are running apps when using the
same graphics card.