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Artificial Intelligence by GK


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Artificial Intelligence by GK

  1. 1. John McCarthy  “The science and engineering of making intelligent machines”.  He was the first to introduce the term Artificial Intelligence.  “Dartmouth conference”-On August 31,1955 he called a conference that got all the main people in the field of AI together to lay the foundation for the AI industry.  Professor of Computer Science at Stanford university  M. L. Minsky, N. Rochester, and C.E. Shannon.
  2. 2. History of A.I.
  3. 3. History of A.I.
  4. 4. Weak A.I. Strong A.I. Types of A.I.
  5. 5. Can AI System Work As Efficient As Human Brain?????
  6. 6. Languages Artificial intelligence researchers have developed several specialized programming languages for artificial intelligence which include IPL, Lisp, Prolog, STRIPS, Planner, POP-11 etc.
  7. 7. Comparison LISP Functional language General purpose Handles wide variety of tasks, easier to use Don’t support compared to prolog PROLOG Logical language Specific uses Smaller language, easier to learn Supports multidirectional reasoning
  8. 8. Parent disciplines of AI: It is a broad field with so many subareas.
  9. 9. Applications of AI: Natural Language Understanding Expert Systems Planning and Robotics Machine Learning Game Playing
  10. 10. Natural Language Processing
  11. 11. Modes of communication  Text based.  Dialogue based.
  12. 12. Speech Recognition  Process of converting sound signal captured by microphone or mobile/telephone to a set of words.  70-100 words / min with accuracy of 90%
  13. 13. ComputerVision  Ability of a machine to extract information from an image that is necessary to solve a task  Image Acquisition  Image Processing  Image Analysis  Image understanding
  14. 14. Intelligent Robot  Tend to mimic human sensing and decision making abilities so that they can adopt themselves to certain conditions and modify their actions.
  15. 15. Expert Systems  These are Softwares used for decision making .  Automated Reasoning and Theorem Proving.  Troubleshooting Expert Systems.  Stock Market Expert System.
  16. 16. Fields of AI Computer science:  Graphical User Interface  Automatic Storage management  Object Oriented Programming  Data miming  computer gaming  Telecommunication:  Automated Online Assistants  Voice dialing  Speech Recognization
  17. 17. Fields of AI Aviation & Automation:  NASA's fight research centre  Voice recognition in fighter jets  Directions to A.I pilots through air traffic controllers  Automatic Gearing System in Cars
  18. 18. Fields of AI Robotics:  Assembling Robots  Welding Robots  Behavior based robotics  Dancing Robots  Robot navigation
  19. 19. Daily life applications  Home Security  Bank  Post office  Websites  Digital cameras  News and publishing  Financial trades  Health and medicine  Games and toys
  20. 20. How AI is different???????? Artificial Intelligence Non Creative Precise Consistency Multitasking Natural Intelligence Creative May Contain Error Non Consistent Can’t Handle
  21. 21. Drawbacks of A.I  Limited Ability  Slow Real Time Response  Can’t Handle Emergency Situation  Difficult code  High Cost
  22. 22. Any Questions