Digging in the Dirt: Creating an ArcGIS Geodatabase
from Nonspatial Data

Deadwood Chinatown Site
2003 Field Season
GIS and Archaeology

Surface artifact densities at the Calixtlahuaca, Mexico
Leatherman Data Services
leathermandataservic...
GIS and Archaeology

Stone tool waste counts Ch’amak Pachu Archaeological Project
University of CA
Leatherman Data Service...
GIS and Archaeology

Interactive ArcIMS of Columbia Cemetery with information on
individual burials Boulder, CO
Leatherman...
Chinatown Site Deadwood, SD

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Chinatown Site Deadwood, SD

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Chinatown Site Deadwood, SD

Chinatown site by excavation year.
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Chinatown Site Deadwood, SD

Chinatown Site Google Street View
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Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD

Chinatown Lower Main Street Deadwood, SD 1948
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Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD

Chinatown Lower Main Street Deadwood, SD 1923
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Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD

Chinatown Lower Main Street Deadwood, SD 1915
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Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD

Chinatown Lower Main Street Deadwood, SD 1909
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Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD

Chinatown Lower Main Street Deadwood, SD 1903
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Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD

Chinatown Lower Main Street Deadwood, SD 1903
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Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD

Chinatown Lower Main Street Deadwood, SD 1891
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Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD

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Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD

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Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD

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Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD

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The Chinatown Database

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The Chinatown Database

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The Chinatown Database

2001 Database
Cat Entries:
11,977

2002 Database
Cat Entries:
13,182

2003 Database
Cat Entries:
5...
Building the GIS Database

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Building the GIS Database

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Building the GIS Database
Catalog

CLASS

Material

Count

Unit

Level

Feature

Date collected

011975

BOTTLE

Glass

3
...
Building the GIS Database

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Building the GIS Database
Catalog

CLASS

Material

Count NORTH

EAST

Level

Feature

Date collected

011975

BOTTLE

Gla...
Chinatown in a GIS

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Chinatown in a GIS

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Chinatown GIS Database Cleanup

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Chinatown GIS Database Cleanup

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Chinatown GIS Database Cleanup

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Chinatown GIS Database Cleanup

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Chinatown GIS Database Cleanup

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Information Products from the GIS Data
Feature 61
Feature 59
Feature 58
Feature 57
Feature 55

Feature 52

Feature 51
Feat...
Information Products from the GIS Data

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Information Products from the GIS Data

Leatherman Data Services
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Information Products from the GIS Data

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Information Products from the GIS Data

Leatherman Data Services
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Information Products from the GIS Data

Leatherman Data Services
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Information Products from the GIS Data

Leatherman Data Services
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Information Products from the GIS Data

Leatherman Data Services
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Information Products from the GIS Data

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The Next Chapter: Taking it to the Web

Chinatown Data on ArcGIS Online
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The Next Chapter: Taking it to the Web

Chinatown Data on ArcGIS Online
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The Next Chapter: Taking it to the Web

Chinatown Data on ArcGIS Online
Leatherman Data Services
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2013 Geospatial Data and Project Management Track, Digging in the Dirt: Creating an ArcGIS Geodatabase from Nonspatial Data by Chris Leatherman

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From the summer of 2001 through 2004 archaeologists excavated the historic Chinatown site in downtown Deadwood, SD. This project uncovered 60 features and nearly 200,000 artifacts. Over the course of three years lab technicians cataloged the materials and recorded their attributes in four Access databases. Unfortunately, the final data product was littered with problems that made analysis difficult if not impossible. To address this issue I initiated a project to build a GIS database of the Deadwood site.
This presentation is a narrative of how the Deadwood archaeological geodatabase was built. It begins with an overview of the original Access databases. Then the tools and methods used to ingest the databases into an ArcGIS environment are covered. Next, the structure of the geodatabase is reviewed. Then the some of the abilities of the new geodatabase are presented. Finally, the potential future of this new product is discussed.
The Deadwood archaeological database is a demonstration of the true strength of ArcGIS. Utilizing this platform users have the ability to convert massive nonspatial data into centralized GIS data. Regardless of the data source or industry ArcGIS can be used to create new data that in turn can be used to generate other information products.

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2013 Geospatial Data and Project Management Track, Digging in the Dirt: Creating an ArcGIS Geodatabase from Nonspatial Data by Chris Leatherman

  1. 1. Digging in the Dirt: Creating an ArcGIS Geodatabase from Nonspatial Data Deadwood Chinatown Site 2003 Field Season
  2. 2. GIS and Archaeology Surface artifact densities at the Calixtlahuaca, Mexico Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  3. 3. GIS and Archaeology Stone tool waste counts Ch’amak Pachu Archaeological Project University of CA Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  4. 4. GIS and Archaeology Interactive ArcIMS of Columbia Cemetery with information on individual burials Boulder, CO Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  5. 5. Chinatown Site Deadwood, SD Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  6. 6. Chinatown Site Deadwood, SD Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  7. 7. Chinatown Site Deadwood, SD Chinatown site by excavation year. Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  8. 8. Chinatown Site Deadwood, SD Chinatown Site Google Street View Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  9. 9. Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD Chinatown Lower Main Street Deadwood, SD 1948 Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  10. 10. Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD Chinatown Lower Main Street Deadwood, SD 1923 Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  11. 11. Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD Chinatown Lower Main Street Deadwood, SD 1915 Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  12. 12. Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD Chinatown Lower Main Street Deadwood, SD 1909 Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  13. 13. Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD Chinatown Lower Main Street Deadwood, SD 1903 Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  14. 14. Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD Chinatown Lower Main Street Deadwood, SD 1903 Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  15. 15. Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD Chinatown Lower Main Street Deadwood, SD 1891 Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  16. 16. Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  17. 17. Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  18. 18. Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  19. 19. Lower Main Street/Chinatown Deadwood, SD Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  20. 20. The Chinatown Database Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  21. 21. The Chinatown Database Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  22. 22. The Chinatown Database 2001 Database Cat Entries: 11,977 2002 Database Cat Entries: 13,182 2003 Database Cat Entries: 5,554 2004 Database Cat Entries: 785 DBF Format Cat Entries 31,498 Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  23. 23. Building the GIS Database Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  24. 24. Building the GIS Database Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  25. 25. Building the GIS Database Catalog CLASS Material Count Unit Level Feature Date collected 011975 BOTTLE Glass 3 N507 E515 Ash Pan F25 9/28/2001 011976 CERAMIC Ceramic 1 N507 E515 Ash Pan F25 9/28/2001 011977 CERAMIC Ceramic 4 N507 E515 Ash Pan F25 9/28/2001 013262 BOTTLE Glass 1 N503 E539 Foundation Wall Line 9/16/2002 013263 BOTTLE Glass 2 N500 E533 70-80 cmbd F28 Fill 6/15/2002 013264 BOTTLE Glass 3 N500 E533 70-80 cmbd F28 Fill 6/15/2002 013265 GLASS FRAGMENT Glass 2 N500 E533 70-80 cmbd F28 Fill 6/15/2002 006280 SUSPENDER CLASP Metal 1 N502 E601 Area 2 8/12/2003 006281 BOTTLE Glass 6 N502 E601 Area 2 8/12/2003 006282 HOUSEHOLD CERAMIC Ceramic 1 N499 E594 Area 2 8/13/2003 006283 BOTTLE Glass 2 N500 E552 Demo Fill Area 2 6/13/2003 000188 WINDOW/FLAT GLASS Glass 1 N498 E564 Parking gravel Feature 02 6/24/2004 000189 METAL ITEM Metal 18 N498 E564 Leveling Fill Feature 10 6/24/2004 000190 SCREW Metal 1 N498 E564 Leveling Fill Feature 21 6/24/2004 000191 WINDOW/FLAT GLASS Glass 1 N498 E564 Leveling Fill Feature 12 6/24/2004 Fill Above Dump Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  26. 26. Building the GIS Database Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  27. 27. Building the GIS Database Catalog CLASS Material Count NORTH EAST Level Feature Date collected 011975 BOTTLE Glass 3 507.32 515.36 Ash Pan F25 9/28/2001 011976 CERAMIC Ceramic 1 507.12 515.22 Ash Pan F25 9/28/2001 011977 CERAMIC Ceramic 4 507.42 515.98 Ash Pan F25 9/28/2001 013262 BOTTLE Glass 1 503.46 539.36 Foundation Wall Line 9/16/2002 013263 BOTTLE Glass 2 500.58 533.52 70-80 cmbd F28 Fill 6/15/2002 013264 BOTTLE Glass 3 500.36 533.81 70-80 cmbd F28 Fill 6/15/2002 013265 GLASS FRAGMENT Glass 2 500.21 533.33 70-80 cmbd F28 Fill 6/15/2002 006280 SUSPENDER CLASP Metal 1 502.89 601.18 Area 2 8/12/2003 006281 BOTTLE Glass 6 502.41 601.67 Area 2 8/12/2003 006282 HOUSEHOLD CERAMIC Ceramic 1 499.56 594.42 Area 2 8/13/2003 006283 BOTTLE Glass 2 500.35 552.13 Demo Fill Area 2 6/13/2003 000188 WINDOW/FLAT GLASS Glass 1 498.26 564.89 Parking gravel 6/24/2004 000189 METAL ITEM Metal 18 498.89 564.11 Leveling Fill 6/24/2004 000190 SCREW Metal 1 498.91 564.45 Leveling Fill 6/24/2004 000191 WINDOW/FLAT GLASS Glass 1 498.22 564.77 Leveling Fill 6/24/2004 Fill Above Dump Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  28. 28. Chinatown in a GIS Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  29. 29. Chinatown in a GIS Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  30. 30. Chinatown GIS Database Cleanup Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  31. 31. Chinatown GIS Database Cleanup Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  32. 32. Chinatown GIS Database Cleanup Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  33. 33. Chinatown GIS Database Cleanup Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  34. 34. Chinatown GIS Database Cleanup Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  35. 35. Information Products from the GIS Data Feature 61 Feature 59 Feature 58 Feature 57 Feature 55 Feature 52 Feature 51 Feature 50 Feature 46 Feature 45 Feature 38 Feature 37 Feature 36 Feature 35 Feature 33 Feature 32 Feature 30 Feature 27 Feature 25 Feature 24 Feature 23 Feature 22 Feature 21 Feature 18 Feature 16 Feature 14 Feature 11 Feature 10 Feature 06 Feature 48 Feature 31 Feature 28 Feature 17 Feature 07 Feature 05 Feature 04 Feature 03 Feature 02 Feature 01 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000 Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  36. 36. Information Products from the GIS Data Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  37. 37. Information Products from the GIS Data Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  38. 38. Information Products from the GIS Data Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  39. 39. Information Products from the GIS Data Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  40. 40. Information Products from the GIS Data Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  41. 41. Information Products from the GIS Data Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  42. 42. Information Products from the GIS Data Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  43. 43. Information Products from the GIS Data Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  44. 44. The Next Chapter: Taking it to the Web Chinatown Data on ArcGIS Online Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  45. 45. The Next Chapter: Taking it to the Web Chinatown Data on ArcGIS Online Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com
  46. 46. The Next Chapter: Taking it to the Web Chinatown Data on ArcGIS Online Leatherman Data Services leathermandataservices.com

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