®OGC Standards, the Mobile Internet,    and the Internet of Things             GIS in the Rockies                Denver, C...
What most people think about standards work!      ®OGC
Open Standards, Policy and Business Value      ®OGC            © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium
The Open Geospatial ConsortiumNot-for-profit, international voluntary consensus standardsorganization; leading development...
OGC at a GlanceNot-for-profit, international voluntary consensus standardsorganization; leading development of geospatial ...
OGC Activities Driven by Community Needs                   Education & Research   Sustainable Development      Other    St...
®OGC Standards: Innovation and           Agility
Myth – Standards Inhibit Innovation• Reality  – Standards serve as a knowledge base and catalyst for innovation.     • htt...
Standards, innovation and the Australian                  economy• 1% increase in use of Standards associated with 17%  in...
Mobile Use Case     Event:         Earthquake in densely populated area     Geospatial Operations:         Rapidly initial...
Mobile devices with First Responders                                                              Graphic © 2011 Carbon Pr...
Quickly get latest updatesOther responders can log in and check updates in AOI,          select ‘Topics’ (uses OGC Filters...
OWS-8: Geodata Bulk Transfer Scenarios                                                                                    ...
GeoSynchronization Services           GSS tested in OWS-7 and OWS-8, Currently in SWGPublisher reads featuresfrom a WFS ma...
Retrieve Data                                         Go OfflineGeospatial Data   Archive                                 ...
GeoPackage: Mobile GeoApps      ®           slide courtesy of The Carbon ProjectOGC               © 2012 Open Geospatial C...
OGC Open GeoSMS  Defines a short messaging service (SMS) encoding to  exchange lightweight location information between  d...
Location Enabling SMS Messaging: GeoSMS• Significant potential for many applications• Characteristics   – Multilingual   –...
Cross-platform Open GeoSMShttp://maps.google.com/maps?location=39.684072,-104.964001,&GeoSMSI am here for GIS in the Rocki...
Augmented Reality                                                                     Augmented Reality                   ...
Indoor location/navigation  Integrated indoor/outdoor navigation  using OGC CityGML, WMS      ®OGC              © 2012 Ope...
Citizen Observatory Web (CobWEB)• COBWEB will leverage the UNESCO World Network of  Biosphere Reserves (WNBR).• The infras...
Social Networking User Generated               Information / Crowdsourcing: CobWEB      Source: http://www.ushahidi.com/  ...
Internet of Things – Driven By Industry                        InnovationThe Internet of things, also known as theInternet...
GeoWeb will expand to Internet of Things                           W3C                    bSa IETF     OASIS           OGC...
Presentation of the Internet of Things      ®OGC                                  Slide from 1Spatial
Supply Chain integrating SWE and EPC [AutoID 2010]                                        Case Study: Fresh Meat Traceabil...
Leveraging Citizen Contributions Standards for the “Mass Market” (consumer focus) –   Emphasis on lightweight solutions, e...
User Applications – Environmental Monitoring          Supplemented with Citizen Scientists                                ...
Semantic Mediator:           Data Model Transformation      ®   OWS-8 CCI Semantic Mediation ER, G. Hobona and R. Brackin ...
®OGC
Debris flow – scenario      ®OGC           © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium
Taiwan Debris Flow Monitoring      and Alerting GRID                                        Source:               Grid    ...
OWS-9 Data Transmission Aircraft/Ground      ®OGC           Copyright © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium
®Thank you for your participation!      © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium
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2012 Emerging Tech, OGC Standards, Mobile Platforms, and the Internet of Things, Carl Reed

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Mobile devices are rapidly becoming the preferred platform for geospatial technology access and use. Mobile technology and market forces are shaping the mobile internet, of which mobile GIS is a component. A convergence of mobile technology, bandwidth, sensors, real time data access, standards, and user demand is creating a rich environment for forward thinking in geospatial standards development. In response, the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) has a number of standards activities focused on the requirements of the mobile geospatial/GIS community. This presentation will provide an overview of the most recent standards work in the OGC related to the mobile internet. This work includes development of ARML (Augmented Reality Markup Language), InDoorGML (model and encoding for semantically rich indoor/building content), Open GeoSMS (location enabled SMS), and the Sensor Web for the Internet of Things (IoT).

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2012 Emerging Tech, OGC Standards, Mobile Platforms, and the Internet of Things, Carl Reed

  1. 1. ®OGC Standards, the Mobile Internet, and the Internet of Things GIS in the Rockies Denver, CO Carl Reed, PhD September 20, 2012 Copyright © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium
  2. 2. What most people think about standards work! ®OGC
  3. 3. Open Standards, Policy and Business Value ®OGC © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium
  4. 4. The Open Geospatial ConsortiumNot-for-profit, international voluntary consensus standardsorganization; leading development of geospatial standards• Founded in 1994.• 465+ members and growing University• 38 standards 24%• Hundreds of product Commercial 41% implementations Research 7%• Broad user community NGO implementation worldwide 10% Government• Alliances and collaborative 18% activities with ISO and many other SDO’s ®OGC © 2012, Open Geospatial Consortium 4
  5. 5. OGC at a GlanceNot-for-profit, international voluntary consensus standardsorganization; leading development of geospatial standards• Founded in 1994. South America 2 Africa, 4• 465+ members and growing Asia Pacific,• 38 standards 59• Hundreds of product North America implementations 163• Broad user community implementation worldwide Europe 203• Alliances and collaborative Middle East activities with ISO and many other 7 SDO’s ®OGC © 2012, Open Geospatial Consortium 5
  6. 6. OGC Activities Driven by Community Needs Education & Research Sustainable Development Other Standards Infrastructure - Organizations Transportation Health E -GovernmentEmergency Services,Disaster Management Aviation Energy Consumer Geosciences Services, Real Time Information ® OGC
  7. 7. ®OGC Standards: Innovation and Agility
  8. 8. Myth – Standards Inhibit Innovation• Reality – Standards serve as a knowledge base and catalyst for innovation. • http://www.din.de/cmd?level=tpl- rubrik&menuid=47563&cmsareaid=47563&cmsrubid=57882&menurubric id=57882&languageid=en – Norms and standards are a source of knowledge for research and development, for they reflect the current state of technology as a result of the participation of numerous experts in the relevant fields. ®OGC © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium 8
  9. 9. Standards, innovation and the Australian economy• 1% increase in use of Standards associated with 17% increase in productivity• Together with R&D expenditure, a 1% increase in this joint stock of knowledge leads to an additional 12% increase in economy-wide productivity. – Provide a common language for discussion; – Underpin markets & help solve externality problems; – Underpin innovation and knowledge dissemination; – Reduce costs of production and increase productivity; – Help provide safety outcomes and assist with risk.• http://www.standardsinfo.net/info/benefits/benefits_s1.html ®OGC © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium 9
  10. 10. Mobile Use Case Event: Earthquake in densely populated area Geospatial Operations: Rapidly initialize Tactical Geospatial Services using GBT GML & WFS Conduct Mobile GeoSynchronization to support response Roles and Services Providers manage shareable geospatial foundation Publishers within the Enterprise - and also external (NGOs etc.)… Roles and OGC services federated at separate locations ®OGC10
  11. 11. Mobile devices with First Responders Graphic © 2011 Carbon Project WFS created by GBT GML used by First Responders on mobile devices to rapidly report and share Shelter locations, and other information, via GeoSynchronization Services (GSS) ®OGC © 2012, Open Geospatial Consortium
  12. 12. Quickly get latest updatesOther responders can log in and check updates in AOI, select ‘Topics’ (uses OGC Filters) 1 2 3 Local Transactions All Transactions Emergency All Transactions Collection Points Road Updates Graphic © 2011 Carbon Project ® Quickly get latest updates…OGC © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium
  13. 13. OWS-8: Geodata Bulk Transfer Scenarios Possible data update scenario: - Multiple field users with handhelds - Extract data from field master DB - Perform field updates - Upload changes to field master DB - Field master DB publishes changes to HQ Ordering process System-specific “Export” System-specific “Import” User 1 Configuration User 2..n Configuration - GIS editor and database - GIS editor and database - Export to file-based package - Import from file-based package WFS-based transmission Bulk Bulk Geodata Geodata Transfer Transfer Media-based distribution WFS Server, a data file, or WFS Client, a data file, or a file system-like folder or a file system-like folder or container container ®OGC © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium Source: OWS-8 RFQ, Annex B, section 4.3.4, p.76 13
  14. 14. GeoSynchronization Services GSS tested in OWS-7 and OWS-8, Currently in SWGPublisher reads featuresfrom a WFS managed by theGSS and proposes changesto those features. This mayinclude proposing creationof new features. 3 6 5 2 Reviewer Approves 1 GSS notifies GSS notifies Publisher or Rejects the Followers of GSS notifies Publisher Submits whether proposed proposed changes changes to Reviewer Change Request changes were Approved features (i.e. of pending or Rejected Transactions) Change proposals Geosync Service (GSS) Change Replication Resolution Feed Feed Feed Approved changes are 4 applied to features via OGC WFS-T OGC WFS-T OGC WFS-T OGC WFS-T Geographic features ® accessible viaOGC Copyright © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium WFS
  15. 15. Retrieve Data Go OfflineGeospatial Data Archive Base Maps Geo-Package Management ®OGC © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. Delivering Innovative Solutions to the World
  16. 16. GeoPackage: Mobile GeoApps ® slide courtesy of The Carbon ProjectOGC © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. 16
  17. 17. OGC Open GeoSMS Defines a short messaging service (SMS) encoding to exchange lightweight location information between different mobile devices or applications. Open GeoSMS encoding for location is compatible with other OGC standards, such as those for sensor webs and earth imaging. It is also compatible with other standards such as the OASIS Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) standard and the IETF RFC Presence Information Data Format Location Object (PIDF-LO). ®OGC © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium
  18. 18. Location Enabling SMS Messaging: GeoSMS• Significant potential for many applications• Characteristics – Multilingual – Multi-device – Harmonized with many existing applications – Incorporates relevant ISO standards ®OGC Copyright © 2010, Open Geospatial Consortium
  19. 19. Cross-platform Open GeoSMShttp://maps.google.com/maps?location=39.684072,-104.964001,&GeoSMSI am here for GIS in the Rockies conference Users don’t need to care about target platform or map/navigation service ®OGC © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium
  20. 20. Augmented Reality Augmented Reality Markup Language (ARML) under development as a profile of OGC KMLhttp://www.webviewservice.org/ http://www.openarml.org/ ®OGC Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wikitude.jpg
  21. 21. Indoor location/navigation Integrated indoor/outdoor navigation using OGC CityGML, WMS ®OGC © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium
  22. 22. Citizen Observatory Web (CobWEB)• COBWEB will leverage the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR).• The infrastructure will exploit technological developments in ubiquitous mobile devices, crowd-sourcing of geographic information and the operationalizing of standards based SDI such as the UK Location Information Infrastructure.• Will aim to improve the usability of OGC Sensor Web Enablement standards with mobile devices, develop widespread acceptance of the data quality measures we develop and maximize the commercial appeal of COBWEB outputs. ®OGC Copyright © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium
  23. 23. Social Networking User Generated Information / Crowdsourcing: CobWEB Source: http://www.ushahidi.com/ • Ushahidi • InRelief • OpenStreetMap • Sahana Source: Erik (HASH) Hersman. Flickr • CrisisCommons Source: http://www.openstreetmap.orSource: www.inrelief.org Source: http://www.sahanafoundation.org ® OGC
  24. 24. Internet of Things – Driven By Industry InnovationThe Internet of things, also known as theInternet of objects, refers to the networked ‘15 billion intelligent, connectedinterconnection of everyday objects devices by the year 2015’Source: Wikipedia The Embedded Internet, IDC. Jan ‘09. m2m IoT Source: https://pachube.com ®OGC we are here
  25. 25. GeoWeb will expand to Internet of Things W3C bSa IETF OASIS OGC The emerging Internet of things: -- indoor/outdoor location -- sensor webs -- building information models -- location apps -- location marketing -- smart grid Today’s Internet ® -- environmental monitoringOGC
  26. 26. Presentation of the Internet of Things ®OGC Slide from 1Spatial
  27. 27. Supply Chain integrating SWE and EPC [AutoID 2010] Case Study: Fresh Meat Traceability ® This research was supported in part by the EU IST Sixth Framework (FP6) projectOGC BRIDGE (Building RFID Solutions for the Global Environment) © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc.
  28. 28. Leveraging Citizen Contributions Standards for the “Mass Market” (consumer focus) – Emphasis on lightweight solutions, e.g. Open GeoSMS – KML – GeoRSS, GeoJSON – RESTful, lightweight SWE profilesFlickr geoFeed map (GeoRSS) ®OGC © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium
  29. 29. User Applications – Environmental Monitoring Supplemented with Citizen Scientists Sensor Observation Service (SOS) SOS Transactional SWE SWE Client Client SWE SWE SWE Client Client Client SWE SWE Smart SWE Smart Agents Smart Agents Agents SOS Official and Reference Environmental Sensors ® Slide from Lockheed Martin Co. OGC29
  30. 30. Semantic Mediator: Data Model Transformation ® OWS-8 CCI Semantic Mediation ER, G. Hobona and R. Brackin OGC Doc 11-063r6OGC © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium
  31. 31. ®OGC
  32. 32. Debris flow – scenario ®OGC © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium
  33. 33. Taiwan Debris Flow Monitoring and Alerting GRID Source: Grid ®OGC Mobile Alerts: http://maps.geosms.cc/showmap?location=23.9572,120.6860&GeoSMS Debris flow alert! Use emergency evacuation route now!
  34. 34. OWS-9 Data Transmission Aircraft/Ground ®OGC Copyright © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium
  35. 35. ®Thank you for your participation! © 2012 Open Geospatial Consortium

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