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2013 Energy Track, Global Trends Driving the Integration of Geospatial and BIM by Geoff Zeiss


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Urbanization is occurring at an unprecedented rate representing the largest impact humans have had on the planet. Governments are devoting less of their limited funds to capital infrastructure projects and are looking to the private sector to fill the funding gap. This is driving a focus on construction productivity. Worldwide one third of energy usage is used by buildings. Faced with environmental issues many governments are mandating energy-conservation measures for buildings and for infrastructure. These trends are driving investment in technology. In construction which represents 10% of world GDP, the adoption of building information modeling (BIM) has accelerated in the last decade primarily motivated by the need to reduce the risk of budget and schedule overruns. In addition increasingly architects, engineers and designers are realizing the value of integrating geospatial data and technology into the model-based design process. The integration of geospatial not only addresses specific vertical industry problems such as a mandated low carbon footprint, but also enables a more holistic approach to the major challenges of designing more resilient cities.

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2013 Energy Track, Global Trends Driving the Integration of Geospatial and BIM by Geoff Zeiss

  1. 1. Global Trends Driving the Integration of Geospatial and BIM Geoff Zeiss Between The Poles Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  2. 2. The world economy is expanding at an unprecended rate
  3. 3. The world economy is expanding at an unprecended rate
  4. 4. Environmental concerns Northwest passage clear August 25, 2008 Northeast passage clear September, 2012 Between The Poles
  5. 5. Environmental issues Environmental Impact of buildings US Green Building Council Geospatial Poles Between TheMedia
  6. 6. Environmental issues “Net zero energy buildings” Recent Pike Research report projects  Because of the recast EU EPBD Directive and similar legislation in other parts of the world, such as Japan  Worldwide revenue from “net zero energy building” construction will grow at an annual rate of 43% over the next two decades  $690  $1.3 billion by 2020 trillion by 2035 $ Geospatial Poles Between TheMedia
  7. 7. Greening the building/infrastructure market Globally $6-7 trillion annually Today 6% qualifies as “green” In 2020 75% will be “green” Green buildings and infrastructure driven by regulation, owner and investor demands, resource cost, security concerns, and third party standards. Source: Global Insight Between The Poles
  8. 8. Intelligent infrastructure networks Massoud Amin, Univ Minnesota Geospatial Poles Between TheMedia
  9. 9. Worldwide Infrastructure Expenditure 2005-2030 $24 trillion to $53 trillion Between The Poles
  10. 10. $ Who is going to finance this ? Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  11. 11. UK National Infrastructure Plan The National Infrastructure Plan brings together the first ever comprehensive cross-sectoral analysis of the UK’s infrastructure networks and sets out a clear pipeline of over 500 infrastructure projects. worth over £250 billion over the next 5 years. ROI drives productivity The Government will use all the tools at its disposal to facilitate the private investment that will finance the majority of the UK’s infrastructure. £400 billion over next decade Target 70% private funding Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  12. 12. Productivity gains reduce cost of infrastructure Productivity drives investment in technology © 2009 Autodesk McKinsey & Company Geospatial Poles Between TheMedia
  13. 13. Imcreasing productivity requires investment in technology Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  14. 14. Model-based design (BIM) Also “BIM for infrastructure” Images courtesy of Henderson Land Development Co Ltd Between The Poles
  15. 15. BIM Adoption in U.S. McGraw-Hill Construction Between The Poles
  16. 16. 3D visualization from the gaming industry Now used by engineers Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  17. 17. Geospatial includes imagery: LiDAR, radar,… Between The Poles
  18. 18. Geospatial includes underground infrastructure Between The Poles
  19. 19. Geospatial includes buildings Ability to visualize various types of data at asset, building, area level. Between The Poles
  20. 20. New geospatial data sources used by industry High resolution aerial photogrammetry Oblique aerial photogrammetry “Streetview” Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  21. 21. New geospatial data sources used by industry Laser scanning Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  22. 22. Ground penetrating radar (GPR) Image:Ditch Witch LandRay Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  23. 23. Commercial UAV’s are becoming ubiquitous Aibotix Hexacopter Gatewing Phoenix (LiDAR) Leica RCD30 Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  24. 24. Planet Labs April 2013 - Planet Labs launched two demonstration satellites, “Dove 1” and “Dove 2” Early 2014, Planet Labs will launch 28 mini- Earth observing satellites at 400 km. The satellites will provide frequent snapshots of the planet, allowing users to track changes—from traffic jams to deforestation—in close to real time. The satellites will send their images to at least three ground stations—two in the U.S. and one in the U.K. The data will be processed and uploaded for use by customers almost immediately. Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  25. 25. Skybox Imaging Plans to launch a constellation of 24+ satellites that will capture high-resolution imagery and the first ever HD-video of any spot on earth, multiple times per day. Skybox will capture the planet on a near real-time basis to provide a tool for addressing global challenges in areas including security, humanitarian efforts, and environmental monitoring. Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  26. 26. Geospatial is changing how we design and build Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  27. 27. Traditional design 0,0 coordinate system Between The Poles 27
  28. 28. Shannon McElvaney, ex Construction GIS Manager “Designs delivered in a 0,0 coordinate system are uninformed, and miss out on the wealth of information available to support better decision making.  “With geolocated BIM models we could do solar energy modelling for PV panels, energy performance modelling, transit accessibility, shadow casting, and much more.  “The property developers needed to know proximity to stations, value of real estate, floor space, proximity to amenities, and they used this information to value the real estate and forecast their return on investment.  The sustainability group needed to do the same, in order to calculate their GHG emissions, energy, water, and waste needs. BIM and GIS integration is essential to be able to do this." Between The Poles
  29. 29. “Converged design” Imagery + geospatial + BIM + 3D Enables - Planning Right of way Sustainable design Construction monitoring Accurate as-builts Between The Poles 29
  30. 30. Ann Kemp, Head of BIM, Atkins Global “BIM and Geospatial are firmly inter-linked – and that the advancement of BIM relies, in part, on integrating geospatial skills and technologies into BIM solutions. Carl Steinitz, Harvard Dept of Landscape Architecture "It is clear that for serious societal and environmental issues, designing for change … is inevitably a collaborative endeavor, with participants from various design professions and geographic sciences … Between The Poles
  31. 31. Some companies get it, at least at a high level “Hexagon Geosystems' geospatial measurement technologies are used in planning, construction and maintenance of infrastructure.” “Trimble’s mix of hardware, software and mobility technologies streamlines communication and collaboration throughout the construction lifecycle, from planning, design and site preparation through to the finished project.” Geodesign is a “collaborative endeavor, wth participants from various design professions and geographic sciences, linked by technology.” Paraphrased from Carl Steinitz Between The Poles
  32. 32. Two cultures Anne Kemp, Atkins on the BIM/geospatial divide At a Government construction summit and a designer demonstrated an immersive environment - visuals on aall sides including photogrammetry, video, CAD drawings, and BIM models and showing junction diagrams and CAD drawings in real world coordinate space. Communications challenge yes it is actually, I said this is GIS and he said “well but we don't call it GIS.” Between The Poles
  33. 33. “We need to stand the construction process on its head” Ron Singh, Chief of Surveys, Oregon DOT Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  34. 34. Autonomous vehicles  Google 10+ vehicle fleet  Driven 300 000 miles as of Aug 2012) DoTs can see the writing on the wall… Need to be able to build and maintain “intelligent highways” Ron Singh, Chief of Surveys, Oregon Department of Transportation Geospatial Media Between The Poles
  35. 35. Current construction project lifecycle Ron Singh, Chief of Surveys, Oregon Department of Transportation Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  36. 36. Future construction project lifecycle Disruptive ! Ron Singh, Chief of Surveys, Oregon Department of Transportation Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  37. 37. Intelligent highways Critical elements • Model-based design • 3D BIM models for highways • Engineering data archive • geospatially-enabled, 3D • accurate, up-to-date • provides 80-90% of what is required to initiate design • Post-construction survey • Provides reliable 3D as-builts (typically BIM + imagery) Ron Singh, Chief of Surveys, Oregon Department of Transportation Geospatial Media Between The Poles
  38. 38. BIM and GPS machine control  McAninch: Reduce fuel consumption by 43%, GHG emissions  RCPS: Fine grading 214 passes down to 60 – 1 mile of road  Providing our clients with a more accurate product – base course grade checking 45% accurate vs 98%  “Traditional processes of paper plans, stakeout sheets and grade stakes used to take up to a week to implement. Now with GPS machine control and 3D models from designers, that same size project can take hours “ - Tim Tometich, GPS division manager, McAninch Corporation © 2009 The Between Autodesk Poles
  39. 39. 5D for financial control BIM + geospatial + imagery + MS Project Caltrans - Parsons Brinckerhoff SF Presidio Parkway Project Between The Poles
  40. 40. Laser scanning in construction SF Presidio Parkway Project Laser Scanning to Models for ROW, Planning, Design, Construction and O&M Caltrans - Parsons Brinckerhoff Between The Poles
  42. 42. Las Vegas 3D infrastructure model VTN Consulting Geospatial Poles Between TheMedia
  43. 43. Las Vegas 3D infrastructure model VTN Consulting Geospatial Media
  44. 44. Building performance analysis  Thermal, lighting and airflow simulations by integrating BIM and geospatial information   Surrounding natural and man made structures Local climatic conditions  Analyze alternative options  Compute annual energy consumption, CO2 emissions, occupant comfort, light levels, airflow, and LEED certification level  Ontario Power Authority’s High Performance New Construction (HPNC) program pays $400 to $800 per kW saved over code  40% reduction in annual electric power bills achievable Jean Carriere, 3D Energy Geospatial Poles Between TheMedia
  45. 45. Vertical industries Require integrated solutions Geospatial + Imagery + BIM + 3D Between The Poles 45
  46. 46. Modeling entire cities Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  47. 47. Convergence Remote Sensing Video & Photography Photogrammetry GIS CAD BIM LIDAR Land Use Modeling Terrestrial Laser Scanning Sustainability Analysis Survey Convergence breaks down silos Transport Analysis Energy Simulation Planning Architecture Engineering IT Design Visualization Construction SaaS Operations Gaming © 2008 Autodesk Web Collaboration Hollywood CG Between The Poles
  48. 48. Interoperability BIM 3D Visualization Inventor Revit CAD NavisWorks 3ds Max IFC AutoCAD DXF AutoCAD Map3D Maya MotionBuilder LandXML DWF Standards Civil3D Laser Scanning FBX FME FDO OWS Ecotect Imagery GIS CityGML gbXML Green Build Studio LandXplorer Urban Modeling Sustainability Analysis Geospatial Poles Between TheMedia
  49. 49. Intelligent Design Models to Enable Intelligent Cities OUTSIDE Exterior, above ground Including: - Transportation networks (roads) - Full city blocks - Precise spatial orientation - 3D buildings - Pedestrian networks © 2007 Autodesk INSIDE Full interior Including: - Utility / HVAC systems - Floor plans - Mechanized lifts / elevators - Walls, doors, windows - Staircases 49 BELOW Subterranean Including: - Water and sewer systems - Utility / Phone systems - Electrical systems - Access – manholes, poles - Transportation networks (tunnels)
  50. 50. Modeling entire cities Parsons Brinckerhoff Geospatial Poles Between TheMedia
  51. 51. Parsons Brinckerhoff’s software quiver Geospatial • ESRI • Global Mapper • Infraworks (Autodesk Infrastructure Modeler) CADD • Microstation InRoads • AutoCAD/Civil 3D • Solidworks Visualization • 3ds Max • Sketchup (Trimble) • Realtime - UDK, Unity Collaboration/4D • Navisworks Image processing • High resolution photogrammetry • Point clouds • Oblique imagery Between The Poles Geospatial Media
  52. 52. Between The Poles
  53. 53. Convergence is transforming business Urbanization and environmental issues -> massive investment in infrastructure    Less government money More private investment requires returns Drives investment in technology Convergence of geospatial and design  Increasing general awareness that convergence of geospatial and design is essential Two cultures – find it hard to engage   Geospatial community has recognized the need, but has found it a challenge to engage with the construction community Construction community is using geospatial data (esp imagery), but not recognizing it as GIS/geospatial and the greater opportunity that geospatial data and technology bring Opportunities for geospatial professionals Challenge for AEC educational institutions to broaden their curricula to include geospatial © 2009 Autodesk Between The Poles Geospatial Media