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BIM-to-GIS data
processing
FLAGIS studiedag Geo & BIM,
11 December 2018
Stijn Goedertier
GIM is a company of 70
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 3
GIM focuses on three areas
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 4
• Master Address Management
• Geomarketing
• Retail Location Planning
• Risk analyses
• Mobility
• Geocoding
• Custom GIS applications
• Spatial data engineering
• BIM, CAD and GIS integration
• Services for KLIP & KLIM-CICC
• INSPIRE and Open Standards
• OBIA
• Change detection
• Operational monitoring
• LULC
LOCATION INTELLIGENCE GIS & GEOICT EARTH OBSERVATION
In this talk
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 5
• Introduction to BIM/GIS standards & software
• BIM-to-GIS data processing
o BIM as a data source for 3D city maps
o BIM as a data source for facility management
o BIM & GIS issue management
o BIM as a data source for augmented reality apps
What is BIM?
The digital (2D/3D) representation of a construction that is used during its
life-cycle (from inception through demolition) for making smarter decisions.
Bridging the gap between BIM and GIS - 13 nov 2018 6
BUILDING INFORMATION MODEL
The process of creating a BIM model.
BUILDING INFORMATION MODELLING
The planning, execution, evaluation, and improvement of information
processes to attain the agreed buisiness goals.
BUILDING INFORMATION MANAGEMENT
BIM versus GIS
GIS
• lower scale
• geospatial CRS
• surfacic (2D)
• Topological relations
• Surveying as source
• Standards: GML (OGC), …
• variety: vector data, coverages,
point clouds, orthoimagery,
elevation models, …BIM
• higher scale
• engineering CRS
• volumetric (3D)
• element composition
• human design as source
• standards: DWG, IFC
(BuildingSMART)
• vector data (documents)
Source: BuildingSmart, Thomas Liebich
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 7
There are many (joint) BIM and
GIS standardisation initiatives
Industry consortia:
• BuildingSMART International (IFC, BCF standard, IFC
Alignment)
• OGC (CityGML, LandInfra / Infra GML standard)
Standards organisations:
• CEN / TC 442 BIM
• ISO / TC59 / SC13 BIM
• WG on BIM-GIS interoperability
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 8
BIM standard: IFC
IFC is an open, vendor-neutral data standard
Standardised by the buildingSMART
consortium, also legal ISO standard (ISO
16739)
IFC data model defined using EXPRESS
modelling language (ISO 10303)
IFC data in STEP or STEP-XML format (ISO
10303)
IFC defines types like IfcSpace,
IfcBuildingStorey, IfcWall, etc.
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 9
Source: buildingSMART
IFC adopts the complex STEP
geometry and topology model
IFC adopts the complex STEP geometry and
topology model from ISO 10303-42, using
Constructive Solid Geometry operations (e.g.
union) and boundary representation (e.g.
extrusion)
See also: FME CSGBuilder, CSGEvaluator
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 10
Constructive Solid Geometry (Source: wikipedia)
GIS standards like GML define a
simpler 3D geometry data model
3D geometry types in GML:
 Surface
 Solid
 Composite and Complex aggregates
GML defines a 3D geometry model that is used in application profiles like
CityGML, InfraGML, etc.
Surfaces
Surface
 ‘Surface’ is a planar area in 3D space
 variants: PolyhedralSurface, TriangulatedSurface, etc.
Source: FME SurfaceBuilder Source: FME TinGenerator
Solids
Solids
 A solid is a volume (closed surface) in 3D space
 Defined by a collection of connected surfaces
Source: Safe Software FME SolidBuilder source: http://en.wiki.quality.sig3d.org
City GML is a GML application
schema
• CityGML is a data model for virtual 3D
city models
• GML 3 application schema
• OGC Standard
• Application Domain Extensions (ADEs)
City of Berlin (© virtualcitySYSTEMS)
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 14
CityGML defines GIS-style Level of
Detail
Different properties for thematic
structuring and granularity of
geometric representation according
to LoD.
LoD 0 LoD 1 LoD 2 LoD 3 LoD 4
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 15
www.gim.be
Make your
BIM and GIS
data flow
BIM and GIS both target new use
cases
Clash detection (“3D BIM”)
Planning (“4D BIM”)
Budgeting (“5D BIM”)
Digital product manufacturing
Predictive maintenance
Emergency response and repair
Real-time sensor metrics
Indoor way finding
Asset tagging and tracking
Capacity planning
Asset risk management
Sensor Observation Systems
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018
Source: Thomas Liebich, IFC for Infrastructure
17
What matters is having the right
information
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018
as-builtas-planned
DESIGNPLAN CONSTRUCT OPERATE & MAINTAIN DEMOLISH
2D/3D
data
docs
2D/3D
data
docs
digital only digital and physical
asset
model
metrics
2D/3D
data
docs
18
Often information is lost during
lifecycle transitions
causes:
• People: people or organisations
do not communicate well
information needs
• Processes: imperfect handover
of information
• Technology: differences in
systems, standards, and tools
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018
DESIGN
life cycle
Informationvalue
PLAN CONSTRUCT OPERATE & MAINTAIN DEMOLISH
19
Good information management
preserves the value of information
no information management:
• data must be gathered at the
beginning of each phase
• data is not linked so less valuable
information management:
• data is gathered only once
• data is validated, linked,
transformed, and analysed so
that it is remains useful over time
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018
DESIGN
life cycle
Informationvalue
PLAN CONSTRUCT OPERATE & MAINTAIN DEMOLISH
20
To prevent information loss you
need:
• Information Management Plan
• Object Identification Specifications
• Object Type Library (OTL)
• Information Delivery Specifications
(IDS)
• Information system (Common
Data Environment)
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 21
Information Management Plan
• Strategic / tactic level
• Roles and responsibilities: Who
has ownership? Responsibilities?
• Procedures: collect, document,
publish, archive, destory
• Quality assurance: which
controls are in place?
• Standards: formats? Toos?
• Contracts: Information delivery
specifications (IDSs)?
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018
BIM platform: Belgian BIM protocol
22
Object Type Library (OTL)
Defines:
• the types (classes) of assets of
interest
• asset identification during asset
lifecycle
• asset attribute information
• data integrity rules
aka: Asset Data Dictionnary
Definition Document (AD4)
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 23
Information Delivery Manual /
Specifiation (IDM/IDS)
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 24
Source: bimloket.nl
Describes how information is
exchanged between parties.
Operational-lvel
Specifies principles, process, timing,
validation rules, formats, etc.
An Information Management System
/ Common data environment (CDE)
A virtual environment used by all
partners to share information.
Not one single system.
Need for linking and visualisation of
data.
Model Management System (MMS)
Configuration Management System (CMS)
Document Management System (DMS)
Issue Management System (IMS)
Asset Management System (AMS)
Facility Management System (FMS)
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 25
VALIDATE
LINK DATA
TRANSFORM
CONNECT
STANDARDS &
SOFTWARE
TARGET SYSTEMS
Open standards and software can
bring interoperability
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018
FACILITY MANAGEMENT
ISSUE MANAGEMENT
ASSET MANAGEMENT
BIM COMMON DATA ENV.
GIS
2D/3D
data
docs
NATIVE FORMATS
VISUALISATION
OGC
LandInfra /
InfraGML
26
Sample dataset used in this talk:
schependomlaan
• Design model in .IFC and .PLA (Archicad)
• Issues (collision / clash detection) in BCF (.bzfzip)
• Subcontractor models in .IFC and .DWG - Flooring
- Walls - Stairs - Fencing - Steel - Roofs - Prefab
• Coordination models in .TBP (Tekla BIMsight
Package)
• As-planned models in .IFC and Synchro file
format.
• As-built models in point cloud formats .ASCII
and .PLY
Explore it with BIMServer / BIMviews
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 27
http://openbimstandards.org/schependomlaan/
CC BY 4.0, by Stijn van Schaijk
www.gim.be
BIM as a data
source for a 3D
city map
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018
Cesium 3D Tiles
• An open specification by AGI that
allows for efficiently streaming 3D
geospatial data on the Web
• Submitted as an OGC Community
Standard
• 3d syntax based on glTF
• Each tile desribed by one JSON file
with CRS, attribute, and
refinement information
Alternative:
• I3S: Esri Indexed 3D Scene Layer
Format
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 29
IFC to Cesium 3D Tiles
… using FME
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 30
IFC to Cesium 3D Tiles
… using FME
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 31
IFC to Cesium 3D Tiles
… using FME
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 32
Civil3D to Cesium 3D Tiles
… using FME
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 33
BIM standards for Infrastructure?
IFC Alignment 1.0: Common resource for
road and rail construction, bridges, tunnels...
Combines 2D (cross-section, horizontal,
vertical) and new 3D approach
Conceptual model jointly developed with OGC
Proof-of-concept implementations (e.g.
TUMünchen Open Infra Platform)
OGC continues working on
LandInfra/InfraGML
Adoption? Future releases?
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 34
OGC
LandInfra /
InfraGML
http://www.buildingsmart-tech.org/infrastructure
www.gim.be
Use BIM as a
data source for
facility
management
Generate a 2D floorplan:
IFC-to-SVG … using FME
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 36
Extract a bill of quanties
… using FME
Cost of Window cleaning?
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 37
COBie standard
Construction-Operations Building
information exchange
exchanging construction information
to operations
BuildingSMART Alliance (VS)
Supported by Maximo, Tririga,
Planon, etc.
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 38
source: Doug Wood, IBM 2014
www.gim.be
BIM as a data
source for indoor
mapping
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018
Why indoor mapping?
Indoor wayfinding
• OpenStreetMap
• Apple Maps Indoor
• Google Maps Indoor
Indoor positioning is (becoming) a
reality
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 40
Indoor positioning is (becoming) a
reality
• Wifi positioning (use existing
Wifi routers)
• Bluetooth positioning beacons
(requires dedicated hardware):
iBeacon, Eddystone
Used by Google / iOS Location
Services
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 41
Example: Schiphol airport
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 42
https://www.m2mobi.com/projects/Schiphol-MTS
Standards for indoor mapping?
OGC Indoor GML
GML 3.2.1 application schema of
OGC®
focuses on modelling indoor spaces
for navigation purposes
Apple Indoor Mapping Data
Format (IMDF)
Google Maps Floor Plans
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 43
www.gim.be
BIM for geospatial
issue
management
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018
Issue Management
• Keep track of
• incidents,
• inspections
• maintenance activities
• Link to assets objects
• Calculate linear reference (km)
• Make comments , take pictures,
store documents
• Sync with other systems
• Background DWG, aerial picture
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 45
Mobile mapping solution with IntraMaps
Roam
AWS RDSFileServer
(docs, pics)
Relatics
SaaS
sync
data
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018
CAD files
aerials
Relatics
Web
IntraMaps
Roam
sync
data
46
BIM Collaboration Format (BCF)
Specification by buildingSMART
used to exchange issues,
proposals and change requests
BCF data model: project, topic,
comments, BIM snippet, document
reference, related topic, camera
position, bitmaps, etc.
BCF-XMLv2 serialisation: XML
Schema for BCF
BCF-ReSTfull API
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 47
https://github.com/buildingSMART/BCF-API
https://github.com/buildingSMART/BCF-XML
www.gim.be
Visualise BIM
and GIS data on
the Web / in an
AR app
Augmented Reality
“Augment” reality with information from 3D objects,
real-time information, etc.
Solutions by
• IoS – ARKit
• Android – ARCore
Offered functionality
• Camera / 3D objects overlay
• Detection of surfaces, tracking of anchor points
• Integration with motion sensors
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 49
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W6uzB2A8T5s
VALIDATE
LINK DATA
TRANSFORM
CONNECT
STANDARDS &
SOFTWARE
TARGET SYSTEMS
Conclusion: interoperability is the
cure to information loss
BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018
FACILITY MANAGEMENT
ISSUE MANAGEMENT
ASSET MANAGEMENT
BIM COMMON DATA ENV.
GIS
2D/3D
data
docs
NATIVE FORMATS
VISUALISATION
OGC
LandInfra /
InfraGML
50

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BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking: linken en visualiseren

  • 1. www.gim.be BIM-to-GIS data processing FLAGIS studiedag Geo & BIM, 11 December 2018 Stijn Goedertier
  • 2. GIM is a company of 70 BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 3
  • 3. GIM focuses on three areas BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 4 • Master Address Management • Geomarketing • Retail Location Planning • Risk analyses • Mobility • Geocoding • Custom GIS applications • Spatial data engineering • BIM, CAD and GIS integration • Services for KLIP & KLIM-CICC • INSPIRE and Open Standards • OBIA • Change detection • Operational monitoring • LULC LOCATION INTELLIGENCE GIS & GEOICT EARTH OBSERVATION
  • 4. In this talk BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 5 • Introduction to BIM/GIS standards & software • BIM-to-GIS data processing o BIM as a data source for 3D city maps o BIM as a data source for facility management o BIM & GIS issue management o BIM as a data source for augmented reality apps
  • 5. What is BIM? The digital (2D/3D) representation of a construction that is used during its life-cycle (from inception through demolition) for making smarter decisions. Bridging the gap between BIM and GIS - 13 nov 2018 6 BUILDING INFORMATION MODEL The process of creating a BIM model. BUILDING INFORMATION MODELLING The planning, execution, evaluation, and improvement of information processes to attain the agreed buisiness goals. BUILDING INFORMATION MANAGEMENT
  • 6. BIM versus GIS GIS • lower scale • geospatial CRS • surfacic (2D) • Topological relations • Surveying as source • Standards: GML (OGC), … • variety: vector data, coverages, point clouds, orthoimagery, elevation models, …BIM • higher scale • engineering CRS • volumetric (3D) • element composition • human design as source • standards: DWG, IFC (BuildingSMART) • vector data (documents) Source: BuildingSmart, Thomas Liebich BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 7
  • 7. There are many (joint) BIM and GIS standardisation initiatives Industry consortia: • BuildingSMART International (IFC, BCF standard, IFC Alignment) • OGC (CityGML, LandInfra / Infra GML standard) Standards organisations: • CEN / TC 442 BIM • ISO / TC59 / SC13 BIM • WG on BIM-GIS interoperability BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 8
  • 8. BIM standard: IFC IFC is an open, vendor-neutral data standard Standardised by the buildingSMART consortium, also legal ISO standard (ISO 16739) IFC data model defined using EXPRESS modelling language (ISO 10303) IFC data in STEP or STEP-XML format (ISO 10303) IFC defines types like IfcSpace, IfcBuildingStorey, IfcWall, etc. BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 9 Source: buildingSMART
  • 9. IFC adopts the complex STEP geometry and topology model IFC adopts the complex STEP geometry and topology model from ISO 10303-42, using Constructive Solid Geometry operations (e.g. union) and boundary representation (e.g. extrusion) See also: FME CSGBuilder, CSGEvaluator BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 10 Constructive Solid Geometry (Source: wikipedia)
  • 10. GIS standards like GML define a simpler 3D geometry data model 3D geometry types in GML:  Surface  Solid  Composite and Complex aggregates GML defines a 3D geometry model that is used in application profiles like CityGML, InfraGML, etc.
  • 11. Surfaces Surface  ‘Surface’ is a planar area in 3D space  variants: PolyhedralSurface, TriangulatedSurface, etc. Source: FME SurfaceBuilder Source: FME TinGenerator
  • 12. Solids Solids  A solid is a volume (closed surface) in 3D space  Defined by a collection of connected surfaces Source: Safe Software FME SolidBuilder source: http://en.wiki.quality.sig3d.org
  • 13. City GML is a GML application schema • CityGML is a data model for virtual 3D city models • GML 3 application schema • OGC Standard • Application Domain Extensions (ADEs) City of Berlin (© virtualcitySYSTEMS) BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 14
  • 14. CityGML defines GIS-style Level of Detail Different properties for thematic structuring and granularity of geometric representation according to LoD. LoD 0 LoD 1 LoD 2 LoD 3 LoD 4 BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 15
  • 16. BIM and GIS both target new use cases Clash detection (“3D BIM”) Planning (“4D BIM”) Budgeting (“5D BIM”) Digital product manufacturing Predictive maintenance Emergency response and repair Real-time sensor metrics Indoor way finding Asset tagging and tracking Capacity planning Asset risk management Sensor Observation Systems BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 Source: Thomas Liebich, IFC for Infrastructure 17
  • 17. What matters is having the right information BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 as-builtas-planned DESIGNPLAN CONSTRUCT OPERATE & MAINTAIN DEMOLISH 2D/3D data docs 2D/3D data docs digital only digital and physical asset model metrics 2D/3D data docs 18
  • 18. Often information is lost during lifecycle transitions causes: • People: people or organisations do not communicate well information needs • Processes: imperfect handover of information • Technology: differences in systems, standards, and tools BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 DESIGN life cycle Informationvalue PLAN CONSTRUCT OPERATE & MAINTAIN DEMOLISH 19
  • 19. Good information management preserves the value of information no information management: • data must be gathered at the beginning of each phase • data is not linked so less valuable information management: • data is gathered only once • data is validated, linked, transformed, and analysed so that it is remains useful over time BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 DESIGN life cycle Informationvalue PLAN CONSTRUCT OPERATE & MAINTAIN DEMOLISH 20
  • 20. To prevent information loss you need: • Information Management Plan • Object Identification Specifications • Object Type Library (OTL) • Information Delivery Specifications (IDS) • Information system (Common Data Environment) BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 21
  • 21. Information Management Plan • Strategic / tactic level • Roles and responsibilities: Who has ownership? Responsibilities? • Procedures: collect, document, publish, archive, destory • Quality assurance: which controls are in place? • Standards: formats? Toos? • Contracts: Information delivery specifications (IDSs)? BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 BIM platform: Belgian BIM protocol 22
  • 22. Object Type Library (OTL) Defines: • the types (classes) of assets of interest • asset identification during asset lifecycle • asset attribute information • data integrity rules aka: Asset Data Dictionnary Definition Document (AD4) BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 23
  • 23. Information Delivery Manual / Specifiation (IDM/IDS) BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 24 Source: bimloket.nl Describes how information is exchanged between parties. Operational-lvel Specifies principles, process, timing, validation rules, formats, etc.
  • 24. An Information Management System / Common data environment (CDE) A virtual environment used by all partners to share information. Not one single system. Need for linking and visualisation of data. Model Management System (MMS) Configuration Management System (CMS) Document Management System (DMS) Issue Management System (IMS) Asset Management System (AMS) Facility Management System (FMS) BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 25
  • 25. VALIDATE LINK DATA TRANSFORM CONNECT STANDARDS & SOFTWARE TARGET SYSTEMS Open standards and software can bring interoperability BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 FACILITY MANAGEMENT ISSUE MANAGEMENT ASSET MANAGEMENT BIM COMMON DATA ENV. GIS 2D/3D data docs NATIVE FORMATS VISUALISATION OGC LandInfra / InfraGML 26
  • 26. Sample dataset used in this talk: schependomlaan • Design model in .IFC and .PLA (Archicad) • Issues (collision / clash detection) in BCF (.bzfzip) • Subcontractor models in .IFC and .DWG - Flooring - Walls - Stairs - Fencing - Steel - Roofs - Prefab • Coordination models in .TBP (Tekla BIMsight Package) • As-planned models in .IFC and Synchro file format. • As-built models in point cloud formats .ASCII and .PLY Explore it with BIMServer / BIMviews BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 27 http://openbimstandards.org/schependomlaan/ CC BY 4.0, by Stijn van Schaijk
  • 27. www.gim.be BIM as a data source for a 3D city map BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018
  • 28. Cesium 3D Tiles • An open specification by AGI that allows for efficiently streaming 3D geospatial data on the Web • Submitted as an OGC Community Standard • 3d syntax based on glTF • Each tile desribed by one JSON file with CRS, attribute, and refinement information Alternative: • I3S: Esri Indexed 3D Scene Layer Format BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 29
  • 29. IFC to Cesium 3D Tiles … using FME BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 30
  • 30. IFC to Cesium 3D Tiles … using FME BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 31
  • 31. IFC to Cesium 3D Tiles … using FME BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 32
  • 32. Civil3D to Cesium 3D Tiles … using FME BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 33
  • 33. BIM standards for Infrastructure? IFC Alignment 1.0: Common resource for road and rail construction, bridges, tunnels... Combines 2D (cross-section, horizontal, vertical) and new 3D approach Conceptual model jointly developed with OGC Proof-of-concept implementations (e.g. TUMünchen Open Infra Platform) OGC continues working on LandInfra/InfraGML Adoption? Future releases? BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 34 OGC LandInfra / InfraGML http://www.buildingsmart-tech.org/infrastructure
  • 34. www.gim.be Use BIM as a data source for facility management
  • 35. Generate a 2D floorplan: IFC-to-SVG … using FME BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 36
  • 36. Extract a bill of quanties … using FME Cost of Window cleaning? BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 37
  • 37. COBie standard Construction-Operations Building information exchange exchanging construction information to operations BuildingSMART Alliance (VS) Supported by Maximo, Tririga, Planon, etc. BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 38 source: Doug Wood, IBM 2014
  • 38. www.gim.be BIM as a data source for indoor mapping BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018
  • 39. Why indoor mapping? Indoor wayfinding • OpenStreetMap • Apple Maps Indoor • Google Maps Indoor Indoor positioning is (becoming) a reality BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 40
  • 40. Indoor positioning is (becoming) a reality • Wifi positioning (use existing Wifi routers) • Bluetooth positioning beacons (requires dedicated hardware): iBeacon, Eddystone Used by Google / iOS Location Services BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 41
  • 41. Example: Schiphol airport BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 42 https://www.m2mobi.com/projects/Schiphol-MTS
  • 42. Standards for indoor mapping? OGC Indoor GML GML 3.2.1 application schema of OGC® focuses on modelling indoor spaces for navigation purposes Apple Indoor Mapping Data Format (IMDF) Google Maps Floor Plans BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 43
  • 43. www.gim.be BIM for geospatial issue management BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018
  • 44. Issue Management • Keep track of • incidents, • inspections • maintenance activities • Link to assets objects • Calculate linear reference (km) • Make comments , take pictures, store documents • Sync with other systems • Background DWG, aerial picture BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 45
  • 45. Mobile mapping solution with IntraMaps Roam AWS RDSFileServer (docs, pics) Relatics SaaS sync data BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 CAD files aerials Relatics Web IntraMaps Roam sync data 46
  • 46. BIM Collaboration Format (BCF) Specification by buildingSMART used to exchange issues, proposals and change requests BCF data model: project, topic, comments, BIM snippet, document reference, related topic, camera position, bitmaps, etc. BCF-XMLv2 serialisation: XML Schema for BCF BCF-ReSTfull API BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 47 https://github.com/buildingSMART/BCF-API https://github.com/buildingSMART/BCF-XML
  • 47. www.gim.be Visualise BIM and GIS data on the Web / in an AR app
  • 48. Augmented Reality “Augment” reality with information from 3D objects, real-time information, etc. Solutions by • IoS – ARKit • Android – ARCore Offered functionality • Camera / 3D objects overlay • Detection of surfaces, tracking of anchor points • Integration with motion sensors BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 49 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W6uzB2A8T5s
  • 49. VALIDATE LINK DATA TRANSFORM CONNECT STANDARDS & SOFTWARE TARGET SYSTEMS Conclusion: interoperability is the cure to information loss BIM-naar-GIS dataverwerking - FLAGIS - 11 December 2018 FACILITY MANAGEMENT ISSUE MANAGEMENT ASSET MANAGEMENT BIM COMMON DATA ENV. GIS 2D/3D data docs NATIVE FORMATS VISUALISATION OGC LandInfra / InfraGML 50