GLOBAL GRAIN & FEED MARKETS Every issue GFMT’s market analyst John Buckley reviews world trading conditions which are impacting the full range of commodities used in food and feed production. His observations will influence your decision-making. Some analysts Crop hopes should keep raw materialhave forecast a 5% costs in checkdecline in combined H OPES of a major rebound from raised its wheat use by 4m tonnes (to meet feed Russian/Ukrainian last season’s disappointing crop shortages after its small maize crop) consumption performance put wheat prices under elsewhere fell far more steeply, mainly in the EU, sunflowerseed further downward pressure for much Russia and Ukraine. Their combined decline, mainly of the period since our last review and helped in feed use, resulted in world total consumption in sowings with restrain frisky corn/soya prices too. On the this sector dropping by almost 13m tonnes. leading Chicago futures market, the bellwether The other factor weighing on wheat prices Ukraine alone soft red winter wheat contract fell at one stage has been export competition, which has been to as little as $247 per tonne for near delivery sustained for far longer than many had expected at down 7-10%, after compared with last July’s peak of about $347.50. the start of this season when it was becoming clear European soft milling wheat followed suit despite a that ‘Black Sea’ harvests were going to disappointless land was freed weak euro and rapidly disappearing supplies from again. In the event, Russian exportable supplies are last year’s smaller than expected crop, at one thought to have collapsed by 11m tonnes while twoup for spring crops stage reaching eight month lows of €232/tonne on other key exporters, Argentina and Australia are old-crop months. Traded prices on world export also expected to each ship 4m tonnes less than by ‘winterkill’ of markets also declined, soft milling wheats settling in the previous season. But on the other hand, about $20 either side of the $300/tonne level on Indian exports are seen increasing by 7m on-yearautumn-sown grain fob terms. For US soft red winter wheat that was to a new record 10m tonnes versus zero normally. about $60/80 cheaper than last summer’s peaks. Canada’s sales are also seen rising by 1m, Europe’s crops. Ukraine Two factors have driven wheat market weakness. by 3m. At the same time, this season’s world import One is the widespread idea that this year’s global demand has dropped away by 12m tonnes, (afterfarmers might also crop might actually come close to the 2011 record declines in Egypt, EU, Africa, Middle East), leaving 697m tonnes as output recovers in the former exporters competing for shares of a smaller cake.have been deterred Soviet Union and Europe and increases in Canada Interestingly, this has occurred despite constant and Australia. That total may be a bit optimistic, reports that wheat’s unusual discount to maize is by a 17% drop in given the poor start to the US hard red winter pushing the coarse grain out of Asian feed markets. wheat crop and a number of weather issues in Some analysts had expected wheat prices to firm last year’s yields western Europe and Russia. Still, a healthy addition up when Russian and Ukrainian supplies started to next season’s wheat supplies is nonetheless to dry up at the turn of the year. However, India, due to lack of backed by bodies including the International Grains burgeoning with record stocks and with another Council, the UN Food & Agriculture Organisation huge crop around the corner, then stepped up timely rains. and the US Department of Agriculture (whose as the cheapest export offer - but quickly found unofficial forecasts have been among the highest). itself still in a pricing (and quality) contest with US That said, the view seems to be gaining hold and European soft wheats too. Along with the that next season’s world surplus stock of wheat continued presence of Canada and Australia and will not increase much as demand increases too. – even yet - small volumes of wheat still trickling But then, global stocks are hardly small to start out of Russia and Kazakhstan, there has been no with, having run close to the record 200m tonne apparent shortage for importers wanting to take level for the past three seasons and – even in his advantage of the drop in wheat prices (up to 22%) supposedly tighter year - still expected to finish at from last summer’s highs. a comfortable 178m. This relatively small decline While there has been no real justification to has been due to total wheat consumption falling push prices up, US wheat futures markets have this season by almost 25m tonnes. Although the US gone firmer again in the past month. This is partly44 | march - april 2013 Grain &feed millinG technoloGy
medium of the digestive tract and sulphates are attributed to a higher value than oxides. COMMODITIES (degradation and damage of s dients such as vitamins or f A product with very low solubility, for forming harmful free radicals example, copper oxide, therefore should and reducing palatability of fe not be used (any longer) in feeding livestock. al. 1998; Lu et al. 2010; Pang adue to US exports finally picking up and by the end of theeven starting to approach the needed pace calendar year,for the (recently reduced) official forecast wheat demandfor the season. At the same time, maize has and pricingextended its unusual price premium to wheat will clearly be Graph 1: Impact of various copper sources on the Gon both the US futures and physical markets, affected. concentration of vitamin E in feed (Lu et al. 2010) soleading to a steady surge in wheat orders Like wheat,from domestic feeders and even from the maize is alsoUS ethanol industry (despite wheat’s lower s e e ing lowe rvalue in terms of starch/fuel production world demand – The good solubility of sulphates, however, 2006; Shurson et al. 2011).canceling out much of the advantage of its a 6.7% fall in this provides us with the disadvantage that for In contrast to inorganic, orgprice discount v maize). However, possibly season’s exports example dissociated copper ions are very trace elements (trace elementsome of those substituting wheat in this and on the back of a 10% drop reactive (strong pro-oxidant that initiate and US crop has only just and abso in consumption. A must also remember, the stable in the dietother sectors may be using it as a bargaining big US maize crop this summer will – provided and therefore promote animal conditions due to speed up oxidation) begun sowing and, as recent wet is improvedtool to keep their maize costs under control. world supplies keep at least adversetoo - result with feed components there remain a world steady reactions have reminded traders, structure. Their advantage is Along with the higher exports this picture in a lot moreof improving US wheat demand (although not maize and lessyet proven in the official seasonal forecasts wheat beingfor US wheat usage) has begun to unsettle fed there.the speculative community. For some time, Cheaperfunds and other ‘outside’ investors had built prices shouldup record large short (sold) positions on the also boos tfutures markets, effectively betting on wheat overallprices falling further rather than rising. As feedgrain usethese operators have been forced to cover (The IGC seestheir exposure, that has injected a self-fuelling barley outputelement into the rally on the Chicago markets. up 6% too).In recent weeks, along with strong EU exports At this stageand a weak euro, the US trend has also spilled – a US maizesome strength into the European wheat crop rebound See our previous editions online for freemarket and into international wheat export is expected ofprices to a lesser extent (Paris milling wheat at least 30 %futures recently at six-week highs). from this year’s May - June 2012 March - April 2012 January - February 2012 November - December 2011 October 2011 However, this latest mini-rally would not unusually low • Bulk storage & • African In this issue: • Mycotoxins • Producing Flaked In this issue:have been possible without some help from 274m tonnes • LC-MS/MS: • Assessing handling advances an overview breakfast Cereals The New Reference cereal quality Method for Mycotoxin parameters Animal feed milling • Database for • Sample Analysis is one of the most animal diet preparation buoyant activities in formulation of feeds and In this issue: the agri related field techniques: forage for NIR A glance to last analysisa relatively firm maize market, the latter to around • Mould control • Grinding by a proven • Efficiency • Increasing • Get in line decade • Milling Technology Energy saving in flour milling storage Process analysis solutions open Redefined in grain and feed preservation concept makes your capacity new opportunities for improved • Food safety • 15-Year In this issue: choice simple In this issue: profit and quality in the grain Celebration: • Digital milling Fortifying with microwave industry • NIR in • Improving moisture folic acid prevents practice supply from • 22,000 birthunderpinned by an ever tightening supply 360/370m Recent farm to fork measurement advances in defects annually • Rice and • Preservatives • Optical sorting • Direct Cold Plasma: • Fast, reliable contract • Controlling Insects • Victam Asia Preservatives are a recurring • Global grain & Optical sorting has come of rapid grain • Global Feed and flexible: with heat feed markets testing The innovative answer to odour terms Product topic in public discussions age and should be considered control in the food and feed Markets: the world of modern bulk Showcase as a serious option for inclusion Wheat supply weighing • New weighing in any modern wheat cleaning industry grows and grows software • Globalafter last year’s short US crop. As the IGC tonnes. Thatv plant as corn crop for UK grain & feed co-operative markets shrinks A subscription magazine for the global flour & feed milling industries - first published in 1891 A subscription magazine for the global flour & feed milling industries - first published in 1891 A subscription magazine for the global flour & feed milling industries - first published in 1891 A subscription magazine for the global flour & feed milling industries - first published in 1891 A subscription magazine for the global flour & feed milling industries - first published in 1891reminded markets this past month, it is not will not only GFMT12.01.indd 1 02/02/2012 10:12 GFMT11.06.indd 1 30/11/2011 17:28 GFMT11.05.indd 1 05/10/2011 09:49 GFMT12.03.indd 1 22/06/2012 08:48 GFMT12.02.indd 1 17/04/2012 13:05only US stocks of maize that will finish 2012/13 boost demandat unusually low levels. World stocks are alsoexpected to fall to a 16-year low. However, but replenish US s tock s, www.gfmt.co.uk/archive.php 8if all goes well with the coming US and other helping to Baworld crops of maize, that inventory could be keep forward Are you social?back to an eight-year high by September 2014. maize prices Keep up to date with us in-between issues by All this, of course, has implications for wheat down through following us on any of our social platformsdemand and value. If maize prices do shift, as the comingfutures promise, from their current modest season. Take a look at our newly re-vamped Facebook page, that now covers updates from GFMT as well as all of wpremium over wheat to a steep 24% discount However, we the very best of The Global Miller’s news http://www.facebook.com/GrainFeedMillingTechnology Confe GRAP GRAPAS_AdvertGrain &feed millinG technoloGy Grain &feed millinG technoloGy march - april 2013 | 45
of weather possibilities to get US wheat market currentlythrough yet. look too high – especially against maize which is nowWheat – export heavily discounted for last quarter 2013 against thecompetition may spot market and at a hugekeep prices down discount to forward wheat prices too. European The biggest single factor wheat markets in contrast,affecting medium/long-term are heavily discounted onwheat costs in the months new crop, Paris millingahead will by the success wheat futures 10% to 12%or otherwise of ‘Black Sea’ below current crop prices,(CIS) attempts to recover mainly on the assumptionproduction from last year’s that domestic wheat cropsdisappointing , dr ought- will increase this summer.hit levels. Russia has had In conclusion, amid higherone or two problems with global output, increasedwinterkill and dryness in its export competition, limitedkey southern (export supply import recovery prospectscatchment) area and officials and less pressure to feedare currently talking a wide wheat instead of maize,crop range of 40/50m tonnes the European market’s(probably near the median prospect of cheaper wheat45m) compared with last year’s 37.7m and figure could go up too. Kazakhstan should costs ahead starts to look more realistic than2011’s bumper 56.2m tones. A few years also see some comeback in wheat output the picture painted by US futures.earlier, Russia was producing over 60m so after drought cut last year’s crop from 22.7mthis year’s crop would hardly be a bannerone. Russian stocks will also be very low by to 9.8m tonnes and exports from 11m to 6.5m. If the Black Sea crops do come back KEY FACTORS IN THE MONTHSthe end of this season and officials have talked as planned, they will be up against more AHEAD – WHEATabout giving priority to rebuilding these before competition for world import trade – fromembarking on any aggressive export campaign. India (maybe another 10m tonnes of unusual • The extent of European and Black Sea cropEven so, some Russian exporters have already expor ts) and from expected bigger EU, rebounds from last year’s disappointingstarted selling some of the new crop forward Canadian and Australian crops, with the usual levelsas cheaply as $265/275/tonne fob terms – a caveat of normal weather permitting across • Spring, summer and harvest weather in themassive discount to domestic old crop costs. the board. The main exception is the world’s northern hemisphereThis strategy may also risk exporters have to largest wheat exporter, the USA, where • The extent to which wheat use in feeds iscompete with the government when they drought has diminished prospects for its hard reduced if maize crops recover as plannedcome to source the sold grain as officials want red winter crop – its biggest (and thereforeto prioritise rebuilding depleted interventionstocks and are reportedly also planning to offer the world’s) single country export component. However, even that crop is improving with Maize –season of plentyprices equivalent to $250/290/tonne. That recent rain and snow. With old crop HRW ahead?said, the Russians have historically gone for exports running lower on lack of demand andthe early season import trade and they have comfortable stocks of this class and wheat in Crosscurrents have continued to tug ata ‘reliable supplier’ reputation to rebuild for total likely to be carried into 2012/13, the US maize prices, restraining the price advancetheir future trade expansion plans (see GFMT’s should still be able to export freely. to about 6.5% compared with the near 10%passim) so their early, active presence can’t be Will world wheat trade recover from this added to wheat’s February lows. The mainruled out. Last year’s Russian exports more season’s 12m tonne drop? There are no factor on the upside has been that spectre ofthan halved to 10.5m tonnes but the coming obvious contenders yet to boost the figure low end-season stocks, especially after USDAseason could see a rebound to maybe 14-15m in the import side and the top buyer Egypt recently added 2.5m tonnes to its US feedtonnes. There have been a few 20m forecasts has run out of trade finance and is cutting back use forecast. There have also been reports ofwhich, given perfect summer weather, can’t sharply on purchases. Will as much wheat be recovering demand from the US corn ethanolbe ruled out. fed to livestock in the US, Asia feed markets sector (40% of US maize disappearance). This Ukraine has had an exceptionally kind winter etc? Probably not, if corn production rebounds has all made farmers cautious about partingwith little frost damage and most of its wheat as much as forecast, returning to its usual with their remaining old crop stocks, expectingcrop is in good condition. There has even discount versus wheat. However, countries to get higher prices for as these as suppliesbeen talk of the total (winter abnd spring) which normally use a lot of wheat in feeds dwindle in last quarter 2012/13 (Jun/Aug). Thiscrop reaching a record 21m tonnes versus – but had to cut use during the past tight/ strategy is not without risk, though, as the USlast year’s 15.5m and the 2011 record 18.8m. expensive season (especially Europe and the futures markets say maize will be cheaperUkraine has also got off to a flying start with CIS) may use more as supplies rebound and by well over $1/bushel (about $47/tonne orits spring plantings and looks likely to have prices come down. 16.6%) from July to September, dropping byanother huge maize crop which will reduce Overall, the outlook is for adequate wheat another 5% by December.wheat feeding and leave more for export. At supplies. Barring several severe weather upsets At the same time, competition for maizethis stage, traders are talking 8m to 9m tonnes (realistically there are always one or two), import business on international markets isof exports versus this year’s 6.,5/7m but that the forward new crop prices quoted on the heating up to an almost unprecedented degree.46 | march - april 2013 Grain &feed millinG technoloGy
COMMODITIES FEATURE FEATURE s being applicable to a wide includes the fully auditable dry steam belt Grain chilling in a flat- Warehouse grain Refrigeration of a Grain chilling in a k settings, steam can be used sanitation silo (BSU) which cleans conveyor chilling bottom metal unit hopper silo concrete siloe innumerable cleaning tasks. belts to allergen level, saving up to 3 million corn as usual in 2012, is now an be used on feeding, mixing litres of water per annum. expected export in 2012/13 weather. The Commissions crop forecasting vessels, machinery, conveyor The organisation has also developed a close to last season’s record unit MARS recently forecast yields rebounding pipelines and also general floor central steam system for food production 15m tonnes exports. The by almost 17% which would add at least 9me spaces and much more. As and packaging areas. This is much like a competition has been tonnes to this year’s production. to the surface, dry steam central vacuum, which facilitates cleaning undercutting US maizeh little residue and can by simply plugging the steam hoses into by as much as $20/30 per dry, especially central steam pipes without the need for tonne, resulting in constant KEY FACTORS IN THE MONTHS compared handling cleaning machines. The sophisti- downgrades to USDA’s AHEAD – MAIZE cated equipment can be used for the seasonal export forecast cleaning of heavy parts and for plastic for this grain. At 22.5m • US maize planted area and growing weather parts cleaning. The machines start tonnes this will be the will decide if US/world stocks return to from a 3kW single phase unit and lowest on modern record ‘normal’ levels, prices fall as futures forecast reach up to 144kW All ofavail- – less than a aquarter of •and grain storage facilities can all benefit of To reduce insect infestation, a common units these benefits give very quick Rising global export competition for the practice is the use of fumigation. The chemi-in electric, oil or world maize trade against able payback of the capital investment in the our technology. America, CIS countries USA from Latin cal products used have to expertly and care- gas heated typicallywell over halfone or two chillers, coils. achieved in normally. and India may contribute to cheaper maize Consergra is pioneer in the applica- fully managed, for safety reasons. And do not years. With the full brunt of Lat- tion ofahead aeration in many products. costs chilled decrease grain temperature. Our system isAm harvests yet to silos •Throughout the years, we have gained suitable to be used in be Will Europe’s own maize crop rebound, (made of metal or concrete, flat bottom or lots of supplies here? the bulk preserva- marketed, their dominance easing experience in The Conserfrio® system conical bottom) is likely to remain – at least •tion corn consumption for ethanol rice in to and warehouses, not need- US of products such as paddy seems all The Conserfrio system can be used ing additional civil works. ® until the The cooling units its varieties up again and could be a mildly next US crop be picking and lengths, cargo rice, milled proves its forecast recovery need only electrical energy. bullish factor for prices rice, maize, wheat, barley, sunflower seeds,dditional The chiller replaces the fan. The chilled, •cotton seeds, beans, demand and its maize and can then be offered at China’s growing feed soybeans and green e required in Thanks to a vast improvement in weather over those into the silo through coffee beansitto name or expand in 2013/14, dry air is introduced much cheaper prices deficit – will stabilize but a few. improve cleaning quarter 2013, Latin American maize crops indicated by the futures markets. first existing ducts. demanding more from the world market? In benefit of the human and animal health icient cleaning are now expected to reach record levels. capacity Even warehouses, the chilled air mayyet •and of the environment asto buygrains any In then, the US could be facing be Speculators’ enthusiasm well, into and from the steam pressure up from 21m to 25/26m, Brazil’s another year through ducts placed under or seeds must be problems treated as food. Argentina’s is introduced of increased competition from crop weather responsiblye surface to be cleaned to perhaps 76m. Between them the Ukraine which expects to harvest about from 73m and over floor. In both cases a ducting system Proteins/oilmeals - demand to mop up ower of micro they couldaexport 45/47m tonnes compared 21m tonnes again this year. The EU’s own extra soya? drops at high must be previously installed. More inforMation: with 15/25m normally. Ukraine, which for the maize crop – which fell 11.5m tonnes last year with minimal moisture present. The oilmeal sector also remains promising Website: www.consergra.com second year running, produced twice as much – Conclusion sharply with more normal for cheaper costs ahead. Improved weather is could also risecific The system ca- has demon-and UPGRADE YOUR SKILLS strated to be nts the most natural WITH IAOMded A low temperature is key point Premier Grain Industry Event and cost-effec- Theove for a good storage - combining tive to preserve trade with policy ca- Enroll in IAOM’s Resident Milling Course program at Date:Tuesday, 11 June seeds grains, 2013 OCRIM’s International School of Milling Technology incific and perishable Venue: Westminster, London Cremona, Italy for independently of ambient weather con- granulates dur- hin ditions. Even under rain or fog there’s ing storage. A Learn problem-solving skills for better technical and economic pli- no risk of rewetting the grain. Our low storing tem- considerations at your mill. In addition to lecture and discussions, Assessing prospects, addressing challenges ces system is based on the making of con- perature not participants will be engaged in hands-on laboratory and pilot-scale uld stant conditions under which the grainfrom their reduces World grain and oilseed prices have retreated only milling exercises. th- storage issupplies natural, safe and profit the product vital highs, but easy, remain tight following last year’s poor of IAOM Fundamentals of Milling I | Sept. 30-Oct. 4 earning. in key exporting countries. While South American harvests metabolic activ- Hands-on technical training course on general flour millinggre- crops look set toturningnew recordsto cool it drought also most Practices like break the grain this season, ity but plant operations. have weak success and wasteconcern,energy, of the troubles conditions in the US remain a lots of and a recovery in demand will keep supplies under pressure. IAOM Fundamentals of Milling II | October 7-11 also breaking some percentage of grains. of a storing With renewed price volatility, biofuel mandates have come control. There are many direct savings and ben- without Technical and economic analytical tools for milling process under intense scrutiny, and the potential for policy-driven efits related to a correct chilled conservation. Typical users evaluation. nt restrictions to trade, particularly should harvests disappoint The most important are: again, are an enduring market concern. of chilled aera-ns Course Fees: Member - €1,900 Non-member - € 2,000 • Avoiding fumigation means cost savings tion are from The course fees cover tuition, laboratory fees, books, special instruction, materials, ch- The IGC Grains Conference brings togethersmall farms with • Less weight loss, in other words higher key public transport pass, and lunch on class days. Fees do not include lodging and rey decision makers, industry representatives and other product output at the end of storage as little as 100 evening meals. Fee covers one week of instruction. has stakeholders to discuss the latest developments in time and oilseed markets together withton storage up the grain the is • Higher product quality means a higher to large plants policy challenges they present. a selling price with storing dry • Higher head grains after the milling capacities of nes process. This point is especially around 100,000, ent important in the rice industry 500,000 or even www.igc.int • Energy savings in the drying process. It 1,000,000 mt. any is possible and safe to store product for information about IGC visit: Rice mills,eri- with a higher moisture content if grain flour mills, feedting temperature is low. A drying-cooling mills, malting for event speciﬁc information visit: am combination achieves relevant energy plants, oilseedThis www.igc.int/en/conference/confhome.aspx plants savings. crushing www.iaom.info/education & & Grain feed millinG technoloGy Grain feed millinG technoloGy march - april 2013 | 11 march - april 2013 | 47 march - april 2013 | 37
helping record Latin American crop forecast deterred by a 17% drop in last year’s yields yield a record crop on the planned area. materialize and, if the US sows as much as due to lack of timely rains. EU sunflower Down under, Australian rapeseed output most analysts expect – and gets more normal output is meanwhile forecast by French was recently forecast to increase from last weather/yields this year – supplies will be more analyst Strategie Grains to rise by over 11% year’s 3.64m to about 3.5/3.7m tonnes, some than adequate in 2013/14. to 7.8m tonnes but stocks of sunflowerseed estimates even approaching 4m which would Some question marks remain over 2013 in EU and global terms will be unusually low at be welcomed by impor ters. With world crops of other key oilseeds like sunflowers the start of next season, so domestic supplies stocks at a nine-year low, bigger rapeseed and rapeseed. However, the sheer size of the may still need a bigger top up than this from crops are needed this year to avoid short increase in soya supplies should be enough imports. supplies towards the close of next season to push up world total oilseed production European rapeseed crop prospects are although rapeseed meal, as noted above, by some 26m tonnes or about 6% . All mixed as northwest France and the UK had far will have to continue pricing at a discount to these alternative oilmeals, of course, cannot too much rain, waterlogging, intermittent mild what it is hoped will be relatively abyndant divorce their pricing from the market leader weather and freezing blasts. Some reports soya meal. soya meal – accounting for 55% of total meal suggest 20% or more UK winter sowings output and with its higher protein content, the most valuable meal too. Currently the could fail. However, Germany, Denmark and some eastern states are looking better than KEY FACTORS IN THE MONTHS futures markets are predicting US soya meal last year with less frost damage, so the total AHEAD – OILMEALS/PROTEINS prices will be over 15% cheaper by last quarter EU figure could yet increase within a range 2013 although, if all the US production comes of 18.5/20.5m tonnes. Like sunflowerseed, • US spring soyabean planting and growing through, that may considerably understate the rapeseed has drawn stocks to very low levels weather potential decline in costs in this sector. in EU and global terms so supplies are unlikely • South America’s delayed marketing of a to be loose next season. On the bright side, record crop – more competition ahead Sunflower/rapeseed prospects Ukrainian crop prospects are much better than last year’s so more could be exported for the USA’s peak, post-harvest marketing period and further downward pressure on Some analysts have forecast a 5% decline in from this frequent EU supplier. The largest soya costs? combined Russian/Ukrainian sunflowerseed exporter, Canada expects to sow less canola • Chinese demand for soya meal – is it starting sowings with Ukraine alone down 7-10% , as farmers shift to wheat but, providing this to peak or just pausing for breath? after less land was freed up for spring crops year’s slow snow melt doesn’t hold up sowing, • EU/CIS rapeseed & sunflowerseed and by ‘winterkill’ of autumn-sown grain crops. a return from last year’s weather-hit yields Canadian canola plantings - and their crop Ukraine farmers might also have been (they fell 20%!) to normal levels could yet weather WANT NEWS? Grain & Feed Milling Technology magazine has two new options for you - online and up to the minute! Global THE Miller The Global Miller blog is an online offshoot The Global Milling News service is a new of Grain & Feed Milling Technology magazine. development from the Perendale Publishers While the bi-monthly magazine covers mill- Limited family of grain, feed and ﬂour milling ing issues in-depth, the Global Miller takes a publications. The site scours the web to ﬁnd lighter approach. The columnists dig out the relevant stories from around the globe. The best daily industry stories, show and event information is then ranked and orgnaised by news and highlights from the print magazine topic, making it easy to ﬁnd information. If and bring them to you ever day ... you’re searching for a speciﬁc topic, you’ll ﬁnd it at Global Milling News. GO MOBILE All of our services are also available for your smart phone.Visit http://www.gfmt.co.uk/pplapp for a demo To ﬁnd out more about our news services visit: version of our app - or use the QR code to get the app http://www.gfmt.co.uk/millingnews FREE on your mobile.48 | march - april 2013 Grain &feed millinG technoloGy
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This digital Re-print is part of the March | April 2013 edition of Grain & Feed Milling Technology magazine. Content from the magazine is available to view free-of-charge, both as a full LINKS online magazine on our website, and as an archive of individual features on the docstoc website. Please click here to view our other publications on www.docstoc.com. March - April 2013 first published in 1891 • See the full issue In this issue: • Additives for flour standardisation Part I: Enzymes • Measures for increasing the energy • Visit the GFMT website efficiency of UFA feed mills in Switzerland • • Contact the GFMT Team Fine grinding and BS3 Xylanase • Importance improve of trace productivity in minerals weaners for nutrient stability in feed • Super • Managing mill • Subscribe to GFMT chilled maintenance grains - Maintenance options and challenges INCORPORATING PORTS, DISTRIBUTION AND FORMULATION A subscription magazine for the global flour & feed milling industries - first published in 1891 To purchase a paper copy of the magazine, or to subscribe to the paper edi- tion please contact our Circulation and Subscriptions Manager on the link adove. INFORMATION FOR ADVERTISERS - CLICK HERE Article reprints All Grain & Feed Milling Tecchnology feature articles can be re-printed as a 4 or 8 page booklets (these have been used as point of sale materials, promotional materials for shows and exhibitions etc). If you are interested in getting this article re-printed please contact the GFMT team for more informa- tion on - Tel: +44 1242 267707 - Email: email@example.com or visit www.gfmt.co.uk/reprints www.gfmt.co.uk