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1/19/2011                                      Independence                                                  Transparency ...
1/19/2011Towards more evidence-based policies                           The first step is to have evidence... •       In a...
1/19/2011        Scientific evidence at work…Source: Bass MS, Finer M, Jenkins CN, Kreft H, Cisneros-Heredia DF, et al.(20...
1/19/2011 Case 1: The Yasuni – ITT proposal         Evidence for a new development model• Using the evidence portrayed in ...
1/19/2011Case 2: Clientelism in Social Programs          Uncovering the politics of the poor                       Lessons...
1/19/2011www.grupofaro.org                    ¡Muchas                    Gracias!                                      6
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Using research to promote a more informed dialogue and better policies in Ecuador

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En base a la evidencia se promueve mejor el diálogo y la propuestas de política pública en el Ecuador. Esta fue la ponencia de Orazio Bellettini, Director Ejecutivo de Grupo FARO, en el marco de la 12va Conferencia Internacional de la GDN

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Using research to promote a more informed dialogue and better policies in Ecuador

  1. 1. 1/19/2011 Independence Transparency Public policy Social Change Using research to promote a more informed dialogue and better policies in Ecuador Orazio J. Bellettini Bogota, January, 14th, 2011 Background Policy process in Ecuador Policy process in Ecuador is characterized by its ideological fragmentation, volatile coalitions and weak institutions. Ministers of Finance last, on average, six months in office. Timeline of Ministers of Finance appointed Rodas SerranoCorrea Barreiro Borja Jouvín Patiño Ortiz Viteri RiveraApril ‘05 April ‘06 April ‘07 April ‘08 April ‘09 April ‘10 19 de enero de 2011 1
  2. 2. 1/19/2011Towards more evidence-based policies The first step is to have evidence... • In addition to political instability, research has played a small role in the policy process in Ecuador because evidence is scarce and, when it exists, it is disperse, highly technical and difficult to access for policy makers. • However, there are cases in which research has generated a kind of evidence that has captured social and political imagination and promoted institutional reforms. 19 de enero de 2011 Case 1: The Yasuni – ITT proposal Evidence for a new development model• The Yasuni Natural Reserve is a 982.000 ha. area located in the Ecuadorian Amazon.• The Yasuni National Park has reserves for approximately 944 million barrels of oil, the countrys second largest untapped oil reserves.• It hosts two scientific stations where natural sciences research is constantly carried out. 2
  3. 3. 1/19/2011 Scientific evidence at work…Source: Bass MS, Finer M, Jenkins CN, Kreft H, Cisneros-Heredia DF, et al.(2010) Global Conservation Significance of Ecuadors Yasuní National Park.PLoS ONE 5(1): e8767. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008767.The emerging of the Yasuni Initiative…. YasuniSource: Bass MS, Finer M, Jenkins CN, Kreft H, Cisneros-Heredia DF, et al.(2010) Global Conservation Significance of Ecuadors Yasuní National Park.PLoS ONE 5(1): e8767. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008767. 3
  4. 4. 1/19/2011 Case 1: The Yasuni – ITT proposal Evidence for a new development model• Using the evidence portrayed in this research, civil society organizations (CSO) and universities developed a policy proposal to protect this area.• The proposal entails stopping any new oil activities and road construction in Yasuní; giving value to non- emission of CO2; and, asking the rest of the world to pay half the potential income in the carbon market (USD. 3.5 billion). Case 2: Clientelism in Social Programs Uncovering the politics of the poor • In 2005, former President Lucio Gutierrez was ousted because, among other accusations, he uses social programs to gain political support. • Since the new administration was willing to implement social and political reforms, Grupo FARO created an index to measure opportunities for political clientelism. • Political clientelism entered the public agenda uncovering this phenomenon that had remained hidden. • Between 2005 and 2006, we worked with social programs increasing their level of transparency as well as accountability. 4
  5. 5. 1/19/2011Case 2: Clientelism in Social Programs Uncovering the politics of the poor Lessons Learned Policy process in the tropics• Evidence is still scarce and plays a small role in the policy process in Ecuador.• However, with the right evidence at the right time using the right strategy to communicate it convincingly, it could spark creativity and improve the design and implementation of both short and long term policies in different sectors.• Evidence is not enough. Grupo FARO also focuses its efforts to promote more informed dialogues as well as build capacities to successfully translate ideas into actions. 5
  6. 6. 1/19/2011www.grupofaro.org ¡Muchas Gracias! 6

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