Puyallup Leadership August 21 2008


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Puyallup Leadership August 21 2008

  1. 1. Leadership Puyallup School District Leadership Team August 21, 2008 [email_address]
  3. 3. <ul><li>“ A community is known </li></ul><ul><li>by the schools it keeps” </li></ul><ul><li>Shaker Heights School District </li></ul>
  4. 4. Mr. Johnson <ul><li>“ I wish I could be a brother like that.” </li></ul>
  5. 9. “ Higher”
  6. 11. “ Your bottom line is your front line. It all comes from people”
  7. 12. Casey Stengel, manager of the New York Yankees, commented after winning the 1958 World Series, “ I couldn’t have done it without my players.”
  8. 13. Thoughts on time . . . <ul><li>“ He who is first will later be last, for the times they are a changing. ” </li></ul><ul><li>Bob Dylan </li></ul><ul><li>Times waits for no one. </li></ul><ul><li>The leader is you. The time is now. </li></ul>
  9. 14. We need leaders! <ul><li>Core values required of leaders include: </li></ul><ul><li>optimism, </li></ul><ul><li>hard work, and </li></ul><ul><li>strength of character. </li></ul><ul><li>David McCullough (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard Business Review </li></ul>
  10. 15. Leadership <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
  11. 16. “ It’s just one darn thing after another!”
  12. 17. <ul><li>“ The role of leader is to “mobilize people to tackle tough problems.” </li></ul>Heifetz (1994)
  13. 18. “ Leadership Matters!” <ul><li>It matters a great deal in leading a learning culture where staff and students improve in practice and performance. </li></ul>
  14. 19. Every leader is telling a story about what he or she values.
  15. 20. What do you value?
  16. 21. EDWARD R. MURROW - This I Believe . . .
  17. 22. <ul><li>Break </li></ul>
  18. 23. Leadership . . . <ul><li>Good leaders change organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Great leaders change people. </li></ul>
  19. 24. Leadership is . . . <ul><li>Management view: </li></ul><ul><li>“Doing things right.” </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership View: </li></ul><ul><li>“Doing right things.” </li></ul>
  20. 25. Leadership is . . . <ul><li>“ Doing right things right.” </li></ul>Kenneth Leithwood, 2004
  21. 26. <ul><li>As a leader, what are the </li></ul><ul><li>“ right things ?” </li></ul><ul><li>What evidence do you have that you are </li></ul><ul><li>“ doing the right things right?” </li></ul>
  22. 27. Leadership <ul><li>What is the purpose of leadership? </li></ul>
  23. 28. What is the purpose of leadership? <ul><li>“ The improvement of instructional practice and performance.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Elmore, 2006) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 29. Leadership <ul><li>How do leaders influence the improvement of instructional practice and performance? </li></ul>
  25. 30. Leadership Accountability <ul><li>The necessary condition for success of school leaders in the future will be their capacity to improve the quality of instructional practice. </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Elmore, June 2006 Conference paper, OECD, (p. 6.) </li></ul>
  26. 31. What is improvement? <ul><li>Improvement is increases in quality and performance over time . </li></ul><ul><li> Richard Elmore, June 2006 Conference paper, OECD, (p. 6.) </li></ul>
  27. 32. Practice must be based on a theory of action . <ul><li>A theory of action is a set of logically connected statements that connect the actions of leaders with their consequences for quality and performance in the organization. </li></ul><ul><li>They must be stated in order to be shared, and they have to be evaluated against evidence of their success in order to be judged . </li></ul><ul><li>(Chris Argyris and Donald Schon, 1978) </li></ul>
  28. 33. Leadership is . . . <ul><li>The relentless pursuit </li></ul><ul><li>in the improvement </li></ul><ul><li>of practice. </li></ul>
  29. 34. June 26, 2002 Seattle P.I. Germany ends South Korea’s dream Three-time champs will face Brazil or Turkey in final BY JERE LONGMAN The New York Times “ South Korea was playing out a fantasy, while Germany is one of the world’s powers. Victory is a relentless expectation, not a delirious wish . While South Korea had a nation’s support, it could not match Germany’s skill and conviction.”
  30. 35. <ul><li>A recent report (2007) from McKinsey & Company titled, How the World’s Best-performing School Systems Come Out on Top, concludes that : </li></ul><ul><li>1) the quality of an education system cannot exceed the quality of its teachers, and </li></ul><ul><li>2) the only way to improve outcomes is to improve instruction. </li></ul>
  31. 36. Great Schools Consist of . . . <ul><li>Great teachers doing </li></ul><ul><li>great teaching. </li></ul><ul><li>McKinsey & Company (2007) </li></ul>
  32. 37. Great teaching consists of . . . <ul><li>Teachers’ knowledge and skill , </li></ul><ul><li>Students’ engagement in their own learning, and </li></ul><ul><li>Challenging and meaningful content (Rigor). </li></ul><ul><li>PELP Coherence Framework (2006) </li></ul>
  33. 38. What does rigor look like? <ul><li>It has a clear purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to know. </li></ul><ul><li>It challenges students to think and learn. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be applied. </li></ul><ul><li>It articulates a plan for the teacher to measure what has been learned. </li></ul><ul><li>It includes a plan for students to evaluate and improve their own work. </li></ul><ul><li>It contains elements of personal and peer respect. </li></ul><ul><li>(Wagner, 2006) </li></ul>
  34. 39. Students achieve when: <ul><li>there is a culture of high expectations, </li></ul><ul><li>teachers know how and when learning occurs, and </li></ul><ul><li>schools identify and support struggling students. </li></ul><ul><li>Urquhart, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>McREL, Changing Schools </li></ul>
  35. 40. McKinsey & Company’s 2007 Report Findings . . . <ul><li>Get the right people to teach, </li></ul><ul><li>Support their growth of their knowledge and skills, and </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that every student performs to his or her potential. </li></ul>
  36. 41. The Role of Leadership in Highly Effective Schools <ul><li>Hire well </li></ul><ul><li>Develop people </li></ul><ul><li>Intervene early and often </li></ul><ul><li>Create a “high reliability” system </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(failure is not an option for any student) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>McKinsey & Company ( 2007) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 42. <ul><li>One child who does not learn what is needed for future success is one child too many. </li></ul><ul><li>Urquhart, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>McREL, Changing Schools </li></ul>
  38. 43. Schools DO make a difference… <ul><li>All Children CAN LEARN; and the school controls the factors to assure the student mastery of the core curriculum ! </li></ul>Effective Schools Research (1990) of Ron Edmonds, Larry Lezotte, Wilbur Brookover, and Michael Rutter
  39. 44. <ul><li>An analysis of research conducted over a 35 year period demonstrates that … Schools that are highly effective produce results that almost entirely overcome the effects of students backgrounds… </li></ul>Schools Do Make a Difference! Marzano (What Works in Schools, 2004)
  40. 45. <ul><li>Demographics </li></ul><ul><li>are not </li></ul><ul><li>Destiny </li></ul>
  41. 46. Professional Learning Communities <ul><li>“ Professional Learning Communities offer the most powerful conceptual model for transforming schools to meet the new challenges!” </li></ul><ul><li>Richard DuFour </li></ul>
  42. 47. PLC Defined… ( Richard DuFour) <ul><li>Educators committed to working collaboratively in ongoing processes of collective inquiry and action research to achieve the highest results for all the students they serve . </li></ul>
  43. 48. Professional Learning Communities <ul><li>“ Professionals do not work alone; they work in teams … to accomplish the goal—to heal the patient, win the lawsuit, plan the building.” </li></ul>Arthur Wise: Teaching Teams: a 21st – Century Paradigm For Organizing America’s Schools
  44. 49. There is no research that supports having educators work in isolation leads to improvement in student achievement? Richard Dufour
  45. 50. Key to school success: Teacher collaboration This includes a focus on student learning, teacher planning, defining operational norms, conducting action research, developing assessment terms, clarifying content expectations (rigor), and working on their instructional strategies together.
  46. 51. Key Components of PLC: <ul><li>Collaborative Effective Teams </li></ul><ul><li>Collective Inquiry—learning together! </li></ul><ul><li>Action Oriented and Experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>Drive for Continuous Improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Results Oriented! </li></ul>
  47. 52. HAND IN HAND…WE ALL LEARN <ul><li>“There are two kinds of schools: Learning Enriched Schools and Learning Impoverished Schools . I have yet to hear or see of a school where the learning curves…of the adults were steep upward and those of the students were not. Teachers and students go hand and hand as learners…or they don’t go at all!” </li></ul><ul><li>Roland Barth </li></ul>
  48. 53. This is the essence of a Professional Learning Community <ul><li>When people begin to act, people begin to hope. </li></ul><ul><li>When people gain hope, they begin to act differently. </li></ul><ul><li>When people act differently, they begin to experience success. </li></ul><ul><li>When people begin to experience success, their attitudes change. </li></ul><ul><li>When people’s attitudes change, they begin to affect each other. </li></ul>
  49. 54. Even if we have a collaborative environment – are we leading “smart:”? The Center for Educational Effectiveness
  50. 55. Principles That Guide Our Professional Learning Community <ul><li>We trust and are trustworthy. </li></ul><ul><li>We support risk taking and view unexpected results as opportunities to learn. </li></ul><ul><li>We act with integrity and treat each other with respect. </li></ul><ul><li>We value and seek diversity and the participation, initiative and opinions of others. </li></ul><ul><li>We solicit, provide and use regular feedback and communication in every direction. </li></ul><ul><li>We foster joy, laughter, celebration and health. </li></ul><ul><li>We support personal growth and continuous learning for all. </li></ul><ul><li>We work in cooperation with each other and depend on teamwork. </li></ul><ul><li>We have a personal responsibility to do our best work for each other. </li></ul><ul><li>We strive to resolve conflict in an open effective and timely way. </li></ul>
  51. 56. Leadership <ul><li>Break </li></ul>
  52. 57. Leadership Priorities <ul><li>Please select one or two leadership phrases or comments that most align with your view of leadership and reflect the culture of where you work, or would like to work. </li></ul><ul><li>Share with a colleague or at your table why you selected the phrase of comment. </li></ul>
  53. 59. Had you arrived in a Mercedes, it would’ve been a major religious experience.
  54. 60. I’m trying to think of something to rite. But, I can’t think of anything to rite. I’d like to think of something to rite, But, I hope it’s better than what I just rote. One Child’s Attempt at Writing
  55. 62. “ Ha ha ha, Biff. Guess what? After we go to the drugstore and the post office, I’m going to the vet’s to get tutored.”
  56. 63. Please list some of the characteristics of an organizational culture where people and programs improve.
  57. 64. Characteristics of a culture where people and programs improve <ul><li>Collegiality – the way adults treat each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Efficacy – feelings of ownership or ability to influence decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>High expectations – of self and others. </li></ul><ul><li>Experimentation – new ideas are valued and acknowledged. </li></ul><ul><li>Trust and confidence – mutual respect and trust are practiced. </li></ul>
  58. 65. Characteristics of a culture where people and programs improve, continued <ul><li>Tangible support – efforts are recognized and supported. </li></ul><ul><li>Humor – smiles and laughter are encouraged and modeled. </li></ul><ul><li>Shared decision–making – people will support what they develop. </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of what’s important – a focus on learning is promoted. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditions are valued – celebrations of traditional activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Open and honest communication – practiced, rewarded, promoted. </li></ul>
  59. 66. Creating the Magic at Walt Disney World <ul><li>“ The highest customer satisfaction is recorded in those areas of the company where cast members rate their leaders as ‘outstanding’ at </li></ul>coaching , recognition and listening , empowerment .”
  60. 67. Leadership <ul><li>With a partner, share evidence of how you have: </li></ul><ul><li>coached someone to improvement, </li></ul><ul><li>listened for understanding, </li></ul><ul><li>recognized the efforts of others, and </li></ul><ul><li>empowered staff. </li></ul>
  61. 68. Thoughts on Leadership <ul><li>Listen to me </li></ul><ul><li>Put me in the game </li></ul><ul><li>Some assembly is required </li></ul><ul><li>Stay on main street </li></ul><ul><li>Inspire me </li></ul><ul><li>Share the big picture </li></ul><ul><li>I’ll perform when I’m “on stage” </li></ul><ul><li>Make me feel special </li></ul><ul><li>Bring out the best in me </li></ul><ul><li>Coach me </li></ul>
  62. 69. Principles of Effective Leadership <ul><li>Live in the awareness of what unites us . </li></ul><ul><li>Why are we together? </li></ul><ul><li>What are our core values? </li></ul><ul><li>What is our purpose? </li></ul>
  63. 70. Principles of Effective Leadership <ul><li>Foster Openness </li></ul><ul><li>Transparent and open </li></ul><ul><li>Trust building </li></ul><ul><li>We get what we give </li></ul><ul><li>What information do we have that would help make their job better? </li></ul>
  64. 71. Principles of Effective Leadership <ul><li>Provide for dissent </li></ul><ul><li>Provide for disagreement and debate </li></ul><ul><li>Good for people - good for the organization </li></ul><ul><li>If you don’t, people will find a way to communicate their disagreement – they will not go quietly (parking lot discussions) </li></ul>
  65. 72. Principles of Effective Leadership <ul><li>4. Diversity makes us better </li></ul><ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to expand ideas </li></ul><ul><li>None of us are as smart as all of us </li></ul><ul><li>We are more alike than different </li></ul>
  66. 73. Principles of Effective Leadership <ul><li>Value-driven versus rule-driven </li></ul><ul><li>Rules provide structure, accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Must have rules, laws, structure </li></ul><ul><li>However, don’t be driven by rules, be </li></ul><ul><li> driven by your values which lead to </li></ul><ul><li> rules, structure, flexibility, adaptability, change </li></ul><ul><li>Bend, but don’t break the rules </li></ul>
  67. 74. Principles of Effective Leadership <ul><li>A shared sense of proportionality </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t let an issue become bigger than it should be, or smaller than it should be </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of human capital is wasted on issues that really don’t matter </li></ul><ul><li>How do you weigh issues in your district with regard to what really matters? Are they measured against your core values? What are we here for? </li></ul>
  68. 75. Principles of Effective Leadership <ul><li>Grace and truth </li></ul><ul><li>Truth builds and honors trust </li></ul><ul><li>Trust is the cornerstone of growth, change, improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Grace – assume good intent </li></ul><ul><li>Be tolerant – hold high expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Give people the benefit of the doubt </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t assume negative intentions </li></ul>
  69. 76. Leadership <ul><li>Break </li></ul>
  70. 80. “ Hello, I’m Cayle Sharratt – part of the mess you inherited from the previous administration.”
  71. 81. “ I understand you’ve achieved name recognition in the principal’s office.”
  72. 82. “ Cayle, I see you left room for improvement.”
  73. 83. We go to sleep in the present, We wake up in the future.
  75. 85. 1,000 20 1,000 30 1,000 40 1,000 10 4,100
  76. 86. We must adjust to changing times, but cling to unchanging principles
  77. 87. Unchanging Principles <ul><li>With a partner, please identify some “unchanging principles” in your personal and professional lives? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some of the big rocks you want to be sure you put into your jar each day? </li></ul>
  78. 88. Unchanging Principles <ul><li>Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Respect </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Service </li></ul><ul><li>Faith </li></ul><ul><li>Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Gratitude </li></ul><ul><li>Hope </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership </li></ul>
  79. 89. There is no place like hope
  80. 90. When you have hope for tomorrow, you have the power to change today .
  81. 91. “ Hope is not merely helpful; it is indispensable.” <ul><li>Daniel Coyle </li></ul><ul><li>“ Lance Armstrong’s War </li></ul><ul><li>2005 </li></ul>
  82. 92. Hope is the thing with feathers. Emily Dickinson
  83. 93. “ Hope is a walking dream” <ul><li>Aristotle </li></ul>
  84. 94. “ Nothing can be done without hope and confidence.” <ul><li>Helen Keller </li></ul>
  85. 95. “ Never talk about defeat. Use words like hope, belief, faith and victory.” <ul><li>Norman Vincent Peale </li></ul><ul><li>“ Positive Thinking Everyday” </li></ul>
  86. 96. “ The grand essentials to happiness in this life are something to do, someone to love, and something to hope for.” <ul><li>Joseph Addison </li></ul><ul><li>“ Light From Many Lamps” </li></ul>
  87. 97. <ul><li>Is your school a place of hope? </li></ul><ul><li>What evidence do you have that hope is alive for staff and students? </li></ul><ul><li>What does hope look like in your school? </li></ul>
  88. 98. Wahluke “ A long walk, slowly, uphill” Mattawa “ Where is it?”
  89. 101. <ul><li>We could learn a lot from crayons : </li></ul><ul><li>Some are sharp , some are pretty , some are dull , some have weird names , and all are different colors , </li></ul><ul><li>But they all have to learn to live in the same box. </li></ul>
  90. 102. <ul><li>I believe in things </li></ul><ul><li>unseen . . . </li></ul><ul><li>I believe in the message of a dream. </li></ul>
  91. 103. “ More Alike Than Different”
  92. 104. Whatever It Takes: How a PLC Responds When Kids Don’t Learn Rick DuFour [email_address] Becky DuFour [email_address]
  93. 105. Keys to Effective Teams <ul><li>Collaboration embedded in routine practices </li></ul><ul><li>Time for collaboration built in school calendar </li></ul><ul><li>Teams focus on key questions </li></ul><ul><li>Products of collaboration are made explicit </li></ul><ul><li>Team norms guide collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Teams pursue specific and measurable performance goals </li></ul><ul><li>Teams have access to relevant information </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  94. 106. Data Do Not Always Inform <ul><li>Leaders can suffer from the DRIP syndrome – Data Rich, Information Poor. Data alone will not inform professional practice. Data can become a catalyst for improvement only when we have a basis of comparison. </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  95. 107. To Inform and Impact Professional Practice, Ensure All Leaders Receive: <ul><li>Timely and frequent information on the achievement of their students, </li></ul><ul><li>In meeting an agree-upon standard, on a valid assessment, in comparison to others, </li></ul><ul><li>On a valid assessment, </li></ul><ul><li>In comparison to others. </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  96. 108. Sharing Data: Beginning of Community <ul><li>Collecting data is only the first step toward wisdom, but sharing data is the first step toward community. </li></ul><ul><li>- Henry Louis Gates, Jr. </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  97. 109. Key to Improved Results <ul><li>Powerful, proven structures for improved results already exist. They begin when a group of educators meet regularly as a team to identify essential and valued student learning, develop common formative assessments, analyze current levels of achievement, set achievement goals, and then share and create lessons and strategies to improve upon those levels. </li></ul><ul><li>- Mike Schmoker </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  98. 110. Formative Assessments Can Improve Student Learning <ul><li>A review of over 250 articles by researchers from several countries established that improving formative assessments raises achievement. Few initiatives in education have had such a strong body of evidence to support a claim to raise standards. </li></ul><ul><li>- Paul Black, et. al </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  99. 111. Formative Assessments Can Improve Student Learning <ul><li>A focus on the use of formative assessment in support of learning, developed through teacher learning communities, promises not only the largest potential gains in student achievement, but also provides a model for teacher professional development that can be implemented effectively at scale. </li></ul><ul><li>- Dylan William and Marnie Thompson </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  100. 112. Barriers to Learning Community <ul><li>Inability to establish clear and focused educational purpose and goals. </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  101. 113. Seeing with New Eyes <ul><li>Sometimes the art of discovery isn’t finding new lands, it is seeing with new eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>- Marcel Proust </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  102. 114. Assumptions Driving the Culture of the District/School PLC <ul><li>The fundamental purpose of the district/school is to ensure student learning. All of our practices, policies, and procedures must be assessed on the basis of their impact on learning. </li></ul><ul><li>We can help students be successful. Our collaborative efforts do have an impact on student learning. </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  103. 115. The Combined Impact of Teacher and School on Achievement After Two Years <ul><li>Average Teacher in an Average School </li></ul><ul><li>Ineffective Teacher in an Ineffective School </li></ul><ul><li>Most Effective Teacher in Most Effective School </li></ul><ul><li>50 th percentile </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd percentile </li></ul><ul><li>96 th percentile </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  104. 116. Consensus <ul><li>We have arrived at consensus when all points of view have been heard, and the will of the group is evident – even to those who most oppose. </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  105. 117. A Willingness to Lead <ul><li>A common failing of leaders at all levels is the failure to be emphatically assertive when necessary. Abilities to persuade, build consensus, and utilize all the other arts of influence are important – but they don’t always do the job. Sometimes it simply comes down to using the power of one’s position to get people to act. </li></ul><ul><li>- Daniel Goleman </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  106. 118. Practices of a professional learning community Rick DuFour In praise of top-down leadership. (2007) The School Administrator , 10(64), 38-42
  107. 119. Students learn more when: <ul><li>Those who teach them are very clear and very committed to ensuring each student acquires the intended knowledge, skills, and dispositions of each course, grade level and unit of instruction. </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  108. 120. Students learn more when: <ul><li>Teachers check for understanding on an ongoing basis and use frequent team-developed common formative assessments rather than individually created summative assessments. </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  109. 121. Students learn more when: <ul><li>School has timely, directive and systematic interventions that guarantee them additional time and support for learning when they experience difficulty. </li></ul>- Rick DuFour
  110. 122. <ul><li>Teachers work in collaborative teams rather than in isolation if their teachers stay focused on the right work. </li></ul>Students learn more when: - Rick DuFour
  111. 123. <ul><li>Members of those collaborative teams work interdependently to achieve specific, results-oriented goals linked to student learning, goals for which they are mutually accountable. </li></ul>Students learn more when: - Rick DuFour
  112. 124. <ul><li>Each teacher has the benefit of frequent and timely information on the achievement of his or her students, user-friendly information that helps the teacher determine the strengths and weaknesses of various instructional strategies. </li></ul>Students learn more when: - Rick DuFour
  113. 125. <ul><li>Professional development in the school is job-embedded and structures are in place to help teachers learn from one another as part of their routine work practice. </li></ul>Students learn more when: - Rick DuFour
  114. 126. “ One of the essential responsibilities of leadership is clarity.” - Rick DuFour
  115. 127. Another is to “ make a decision !” - Rick DuFour
  116. 128. “ They must build continuous improvement processes into the routine practices of each school. - Rick DuFour
  117. 129. They must demonstrate fierce resolve and consistent commitment to a sustained direction over an extended period of time. - Rick DuFour
  118. 130. And very significantly, they must be emphatically assertive when necessary and use the power of their position to get people to act in ways that are aligned with the mission of higher levels of learning for all.” - Rick DuFour