GRM 2013: Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st Century (GCP21) -- C Fauquet

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GRM 2013: Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st Century (GCP21) -- C Fauquet

  1. 1. A Global Alliance For the Improvement of Cassava Developing a Global Vision for Cassava
  2. 2. 105 Countries Latin America Africa Asia 50% 30%20% Cassava Producing Countries
  3. 3. Productivity Latin America Africa Asia 10t/Ha 19t/Ha12t/Ha Cassava Producing Countries
  4. 4. Surfaces Latin America Africa Asia 12MHa 3.5MHa3MHa Cassava Producing Countries
  5. 5. 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 1970 1980 1990 2000 2004 2008 2011 CumulativePercentageIncrease Productivity Increase of Cassava in the World World Yield (T/Ha) Africa Yield (T/Ha) Asia Yield (T/Ha) Latin Amer. Yield (T/Ha) %Increase/Year 3.0% 2.5% 2.0% 1.5% 0.5% 1.0% 0.0% Asia Latin A World Africa Cassava Productivity Highly Variable
  6. 6. 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 1970 1980 1990 2000 2004 2008 2011 CumulativePercentageIncrease Production Increase of Cassava in the World World Production (M Tons) Africa Production (M Tons) %Increase/Year 6.0% 5.0% 4.0% 3.0% 1.0% 2.0% 0.0% Asia Latin A World Africa Cassava Production Highly Variable
  7. 7. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 YieldIncreaset/Ha CambodiaIndia VietNam AngolaMalawi Cassava Productivity Highly Variable
  8. 8. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 1970 1980 1990 2000 2004 2008 2011 YieldIndexIncrease% Productivity Increase of Cassava in the World Cambodia Yield (T/Ha) Vietnam Yield (T/Ha) India Yield (T/Ha) Angola Yield (T/Ha) Malawi Yield (T/Ha) %Increase/Year 6.0% 5.0% 4.0% 3.0% 1.0% 2.0% 0.0% 7.0% Cambodia India VietNam Angola Malawi Cassava Productivity Highly Variable
  9. 9. 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 1970 1980 1990 2000 2004 2008 2011 CumulativePercentageIncrease Production Increase of Cassava in Africa Africa Yield (T/Ha) Africa Production (M Tons) Africa Area (M Ha) %Increase/Year 6.0% 5.0% 4.0% 3.0% 1.0% 2.0% 0.0% Production : 350% Surface = 200% Productivity = 170% Cassava Production in Africa
  10. 10. African Food Productivity Increase R² = 0.9802 R² = 0.97761 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 1961 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2011 2020 2030 2040 2050 Wheat Cassava AfricanFoodProductivityIncrease(%) African Food Productivity Increase (%) 15.4 t/Ha 1.2 b people 10.8 t/Ha 0.35 b people
  11. 11. African Food Productivity Increase 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 CumulativePercentageIncrease Increase Cassava Indexes in Africa Africa Yield (T/Ha) Africa Production (M Tons) Africa Area (M Ha) %Increase/Year 12.0% 10.0% 8.0% 6.0% 2.0% 4.0% 0.0% 426 Mt 30 t/Ha 14.2 MHa
  12. 12. GCP21 Cassava Chain
  13. 13. GCP21 Cassava Chain
  14. 14. GCP21 Push-Pull Concept
  15. 15.  Trigger, Organize, stimulate R&D at the global level: looking for gaps  Invest, transfer modern science into cassava, inviting top labs in AICs  Catalyze, Organize and set-up Cassava Projects: look for funding opportunities  Steer communication on cassava through thematic meetings, global meetings, databases, websites, publications… What Will GCP21 Do?
  16. 16. Relations GCP21 - RTB Creation of the GCP21 Secretariat at CIAT with participation of RTB Creation of a Technical Advisory Group ; RTB, CIAT, IITA, representatives from Africa and Asia, Embrapa Strengthen relations between GCP21 and RTB by participating in planning and strategic meetings of RTB, and by co-organizing thematic meetings on cassava GCP 21 will be a Partnership Platform for RTB which will contribute to mobilizing advanced research and development players in the world
  17. 17. Cassava Productivity Poverty Africa Asia >15t/Ha >20t/Ha <10t/Ha Latin America Food Security Industry
  18. 18. A War on Cassava Viruses Virus Eradication 10t/Ha 15t/Ha 20t/Ha 30t/Ha Cassava Poverty Circle
  19. 19. CMD CBSD Whiteflies A War on Cassava Viruses
  20. 20. Can we prevent CBSD to reach West Africa? Can we decrease the impact of cassava viruses in Africa? Can we prevent CBSD and CMD to spread in the rest of the world? Declaring War on Cassava Viruses in Africa Bellagio, May 6-10, 2013
  21. 21. 1- Creating a Global Alliance to Declare a War on Cassava Viruses 2- Writing the Road Map 3- Publication of the Road Map 4- Enlarging the Global Alliance 5- Action Plan - Proposals 6- Funding of the Action Plan 7- Execution of the Action Plan Declaring War on Cassava Viruses in Africa
  22. 22. Action Frames Outreach for Alliance Membership i) Viruses, surveillance and diagnostics ii) Climate Change iii) Whiteflies &IPM iv) Breeding v) Seed systems vi) Capacity development vii) Policy and Advocacy viii) Economic value Road Map for War on Cassava Viruses Y01 Y02 Y03 Y04 Y05 Y06 Y07 Y08 Y09 Y10 Y11 Y12 Y13 Y14 Y15 Y16 Y17 Y18 Y19 Y20
  23. 23. Frame Work for Action Plan Action Frames Organizations involved Immediate Midterm Longterm Out-Reaching & Rallying All, but FARA, ASARECA, CORAF i) Viruses, surveillance and diagnostics IITA, CIAT, CIRAD, IRD, NARs, Regional Networks & Centers, Extension services at large ii) Climate, cassava landscape and pest and diseases CIAT iii) Whiteflies and IPM IITA, CIAT, and NARs & Regional Centers iv) Breeding IITA, CIAT, and NARs v) Seed systems IITA, CIAT and NARs, FAO, NGOs, Private sector, Extension Services, Communities vi) Capacity development IITA, CIAT, NARs, FAO, Regional Networks & Centers, Extension services at large vii) Policy and Advocacy GFAR, FARA, Regional Networks viii) Economic value IFPRI, Regional Networks, Consultants
  24. 24. Creation of a French Team between CIRAD & IRD Merge of 4 african networks: ProVeg, Prasac, UEMOA, CotaCassav Strong Collaboration with the PanAf-SNCD:EB Declaring War on Cassava Viruses in Africa Creation of a Pan-African Surveillance Network for Cassava Diseases – Francophone Branch PanAf-SNCD:FB
  25. 25. PanAfrican Surveillance Network for Cassava Diseases PanAf-SNCD La Reunion Montpellier
  26. 26. PanAfrican Surveillance Network for Cassava Diseases French Speaking Branch English Speaking Branch PanAf-SNCD La Reunion Montpellier
  27. 27. 1- Declaring War on Cassava Viruses - RTB 2- Preserving Cassava Landraces – RTB, GB 3- Cassava-base feed system – RTB, WF, LSF, HT 4- Cassava Academy – all CRPs and NARS 5- Cassava and the climate change - CCAFS 6- Cassava seed system delivery – RTB, HT Other Examples of Activities
  28. 28. Cassava is a halo-tetraploid plant 100% heterozygote --- The next generation of improved varieties will have to go through modern breeding --- The cassava community cannot afford to have efficient teams using the most advanced tools in many countries --- We need GCP to build these tools, to update them regularly, to train scientists to use them in order to produce the next generation of performing material --- Genome Selection – Double Haploids – Deconstruction and Reconstruction of Heterosis Collaboration with GCP
  29. 29. Co-Organize IBP Training Sessions --- Organize awareness and technical meetings with scientists and donors --- Initiate Proposals to develop or expand tools --- Organize and develop in collaboration a database with all phenotypic and genotypic information Collaboration with GCP
  30. 30. CHANGE IN SUITABILITY FOR MAIZE - 2050 Negative Positive Contrasting responses between maize and cassava: 2-3oC temp rises, changes in prec Change In suitability for Maize 2050
  31. 31. CHANGE IN SUITABILITY FOR CASSAVA - 2050 Negative Positive Change In suitability for Cassava 2050
  32. 32. Bemisia tabaci Current 2050 1-No suitability, 2-Restricted, 3-Low, 4-Moderate, 5-Optimum Change In Whitefly Populations 2050
  33. 33. GCP21-III Cassava: The crop of the 21st Century for food and biofuel GCP21 and ISTRC Chinese Cassava Agricultural Research System Chinese Academy of Tropical Agriculture Sciences Chinese Academy of Sciences Nanning, China Oct 5-10, 2015

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