What is Bhagavad Gita
• The GITA is one of the Most Authoriative sources of Hindu Doctrine and
Ethics , and is accepted by all sets of Hindus.
• Even though the Gita is the record of a dialogue centuries ago, it is relevant
to any age since it addresses fundamental questions that arise in the human
A synopsis of the last lecture
• If the depression is mild, such words of encouragement
have the desired effect. In this case, the problem is
deeper since it is existential in nature.
• “Life and death are part of the cosmic process, But the
Self is indestructible and immortal. It is not slain when
the body is slain.”
What is the effect of this teaching?
• So Krishna makes a plea from a worldly perspective. “If you
abandon your work, people willforever recount your
abandonment. And livingsuch a life is worse than death.
Therefore, stand up and fight!”
• About Living
• To Love and not Hate.
• Existenceof Atman in Every Person
• And all Should Aspireto reach Paramatma.
• Thisstilldoes not energize Arjunato go into battle. So now begins
Krishna’s brilliantdiscourse and a synthesisof the four yogas.
The Secret of Gita
“ One sees it asa mystery or one speaksof it
Or heartsof it as mystery but none knowsit “
How does attachment arise?
“By thinkingabout sense objects, attachmentto them is formed. Fromattachment,arisesa
desireto possess them. When this isnot gratified,angercomes. From angercomes confusion.
From confusion, loss of memory. Fromloss of memory, the destructionof intelligence. Fromthe
destructionof intelligence, one perishes.”
The psychology of anger
• Modern psychoanalysis has revealed that anger is a manifestation
of repressed and suppresseddesires.
• Modern medicine has also establishedthe damage to internal
physiology causedby excessiveanger.
• In the fitof anger, we are confused and issuesthat have no bearing
on the circumstanceare brought in only to add further confusion.
• In such a confusion, we forget many things: the purpose of life,our
responsibilities,our goals, and most importantly, peacefulco-
existencewith fellow human beings.
The yoga of devotion
• Thiscan be saidto be the 2nd maincontributionof the Gita to the world’s
philosophical thought. In these verses, Krishnaassimilatesina masterly way
all dualisticviewsinto the non-dualisticframework.
• As long asone thinksof oneself asanembodiedbeing, a dualisticviewwill
intervene no matter howhardwe try to avoidit. One need not lament about
that. Theessentialthing is“to have no ill-will towardsanyone, to be freefrom
egotism,to be even-minded inpainandpleasure.” This is the essence of
Best way to Reach Me
• Fix your mind on me Devote yourself to
me Worship me
• Do homageto me andDiscipline
Yourself…..You shallcome to me
Who is Dear Devotee to
• Who is Freefrom elation , Anger, Sorrow
• Who seeks neitherunpleasant and shows
Thoughts of Swami Vivekanada on Gita.
• If you want to be, Religious keep out of
Religious Arguments. The sign of Death is
Weakness andsign of life is Strength
• Vivekananda writes in his inimitable
humorous way, “The cow never tellsa lie and
the stone never steals,but nevertheless, the
cow remains a cow and the stone a stone.
Man steals andman tellslies, and again,it is
man that becomes god.”
The main message of the Gita
Often, we aretempted to run awayfromour difficultiesandtakeup a life of the
recluse, of exclusive meditation. Thisisnot an option recommendedby Krishna.
Few people have the capacityfor sustainedconcentrationandso, most of the people
who choose the meditativelife wastea lot of timein idleness.
Theclassicaladage,“anidle mindisthe devil’sworkshop”moreor less summarizes
the dangersof such anoption.
Theidealisto join the mindto a widervision,a worthy causethatenjoins the welfare
of all, andthento engagethe mindandbody in worktowardsthat ideal.
• Vedanta ( derived from veda , knowledge
,anta,end) literally means end or
completion of knowledge
Veda is also the term that designates the
ancient scriptures (Shashtras ) of India, the
earliest of which date to circa 1500-1200
Vedanta , then , also means “ end of the
veda,” and in this sense can refer
technically to the final sections of the four-
foldVedas , the so called Upanishads ( 600-
300 BCE )