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  1. B. Proposal| Presentation 1 Airport Operations
  2. Airport Operations TABLE OF CONTENT 2 Examining the current state and future outlook of airport operations in India and around the world, as guided by regulatory bodies. Global and Indian scenario of Airport management DGCA & AAI Ensuring safe and efficient air travel through site selection, design, construction, and operation. Airport Planning 01 Understanding the hierarchy, roles, and responsibilities of various stakeholders in the aviation industry Organization Structure of Airline and Airports sectors 03 Managing airside and landside activities, terminal operations, safety, security, and customer service. Airport Function 02 Regulation and oversight of airport operations by governing bodies, such as the DGCA and AAI in India Airport Authorities 04 05
  3. Components of Airport AIRPORT Components of Airport An airport typically consists of airside components, such as runways and taxiways, and landside components, such as terminal buildings and parking lots, that work together to ensure the safe and efficient movement of people and goods by air. These components are managed and operated by various stakeholders, including airlines, airport authorities, and regulatory bodies. 1. Runway 2. Runway lighting 3. De-Icing Area 4. Pre-threshold signs 5. PAPI – Precision approach path indicator 6. Runway Designator 7. Center Line 8. Touchdown zone 9. Aiming Point 10. Stop way 11. Holding Position 12. Edge Marking 13. High-speed Taxiway 14. Helicopter Stand 15. Fire station 16. Airline Service 17. Bus Stop 18. Taxi Stands 3
  4. Airport Planning & its Types 4 Types of Airport Planning Airport Planning The FAA defines airport planning as a systematic process that creates guidelines for efficient airport development that meets local, state, and national goals. A key objective of airport planning is using resources effectively in a way that meets the demand for aviation services in a financially feasible manner. The planning process is coordinated through a hierarchy of planning that happens at four levels: 1. National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems (NPIAS) at the federal level, 2. Statewide Integrated Airport Systems at the state level, 3. Regional/Metropolitan Integrated Airport Systems Plans at the regional level, and 4. Airport Master Plans at the local level. These planning levels help ensure that airport development is aligned with broader transportation goals and priorities and that resources are used efficiently and effectively to meet the needs of the traveling public.
  5. What is Airport Master Plan? 5 Airport Master Plan Airport Planning An airport master plan is a long-term planning document that provides a blueprint for the development of an airport. The FAA reports that the major goals for an airport master plan include: Provide a graphic representation of existing airport features, future development, and anticipated land use Establish a realistic schedule and financial plan for development Validate the plan technically, economically, and environmentally Prepare and present the plan to the public, addressing relevant issues and satisfying regulations Establish a framework for continuous planning. The airport master plan is a critical tool for ensuring that an airport's development aligns with local, state, and national transportation goals, addresses community needs and concerns, and meets regulatory requirements. The plan typically includes an analysis of existing and future demand for aviation services, infrastructure needs, environmental impacts, and financial feasibility. The planning process involves collaboration among various stakeholders, including airport authorities, airlines, regulatory agencies, and the public, to ensure that the plan reflects diverse perspectives and interests.
  6. Airport Planning Pre-Planning & Study Design In this step, the initial needs of the plan are determined. A request for proposals is created to solicit bids, and a consultant is chosen. The consultant contract is negotiated, the study design is developed and an application is made for study funding. Airport Layout Plans The FAA reviews and approves drawings showing the proposed long- term master plan for the airport. This approval can take up to 180 days. Environmental Considerations Airport planners determine if any of the alternatives require an environmental assessment or environmental impact statement. Financial Feasibility Analysis This analysis includes identifying the airport's financial plan, describing how the sponsor will finance projects in the master plan and demonstrating the feasibility of the program. This analysis is done along with the implementation plan. Public Involvement Airport planners should seek input and consider the key issues for stakeholders in the master plan, such as a fixed base operator with a terminal and hangar building that need improvements or expansions. 58% Airport Master Plan Elements 6
  7. 7 Airside Functions The main purpose of an airport runway is to facilitate the takeoff and landing of aircraft. Runway operations involve various tasks carried out on the runway, such as granting clearance for takeoff and landing, monitoring weather conditions, and coordinating with air traffic control. RUNWAY OPERATIONS Apron operations encompass a range of activities that occur on the airport apron, which is the designated area for parking, loading, and unloading aircraft. These activities include the movement of aircraft, the loading and unloading of passengers and cargo, refueling, and maintenance. APRON OPERATIONS Airports offer amenities for maintaining and fixing airplanes. This encompasses routine maintenance, evaluations, and repairs to ensure the aircraft's airworthiness and safety during operation. AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE Airport Functions Types of Airport Functions AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE Air Traffic Control (ATC) is accountable for guaranteeing secure and effective aircraft navigation in and around the airport vicinity. ATC assures that aircraft maintain a safe distance from each other while also providing pilots with directions both on the ground and in the air. The function of air traffic control is essential in safeguarding the welfare of passengers, crew, and airplanes at the airport.
  8. 8 Landside Functions It cover all tasks involved in getting people to and from the airport, such as purchasing tickets, checking in, handling luggage, and going through security. PASSENGER SERVICES Ground Transportation refers to all the services related to transportation outside of the airport, such as car rental, taxi, and shuttle services. GROUND TRANSPORTATION Airport Retail and Dining provide passengers with food and beverage options, as well as shopping opportunities. These services are crucial in making the airport experience comfortable and enjoyable for passengers. AIRPORT RETAIL AND DINING Airport Functions Types of Airport Functions AIRPORT SECURITY Airport security is a critical function of airport operations. The upkeep of an airport's safe and secure environment is the responsibility of the airport security team. Security measures include passenger and baggage screening, access control, and surveillance.
  9. Airport Organizational Structure Airport Authority of India The Airport Authority of India (AAI) is a statutory body responsible for managing and developing airports across India. Established in 1995, AAI manages 137 airports, including 23 international airports, across the country. AAI's responsibilities include air traffic management, airport safety and security, and airport infrastructure development. AAI also provides air navigation services and is responsible for the maintenance of communication, navigation, and surveillance equipment at airports. AAI works closely with other aviation authorities, such as the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), to ensure the safe and efficient operation of airports and air travel in India. Airport Authority of India
  10. Global and Indian scenario of Airport management DGCA & AAI AIRPORT MANAGEMENT 10 The global scenario of airport management involves the management and operation of airports across the world, with a focus on safety, efficiency, and passenger experience. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) provides guidelines and standards for airport management, which are followed by airports and aviation authorities across the world. In India, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is the national aviation authority responsible for regulating and overseeing civil aviation activities, including airport management. The Airport Authority of India (AAI) is a statutory body responsible for managing and developing airports across India, working closely with DGCA to ensure the safe and efficient operation of airports and air travel in the country. Together, DGCA and AAI play a crucial role in the global scenario of airport management, contributing to the safe and efficient operation of airports and air travel in India and beyond. The Indian scenario of airport management is characterized by a rapidly growing aviation industry, with an increasing number of passengers and cargo volumes across the country. India is home to a vast network of airports, ranging from small regional airports to large international hubs, catering to a diverse range of passengers and airlines. According to recent statistics, the top five busiest airports in India are Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, and Kolkata, with a combined annual passenger traffic of over 210 million passengers. The future of Indian airports is expected to be driven by continued growth in air travel demand, with several new airports and terminal expansions planned across the country to meet this demand. The Indian government has also launched several initiatives to support the growth of the aviation industry, including the UDAN scheme for regional connectivity, the NABH Nirman initiative for airport infrastructure development, and the AAI Cargo Logistics and Allied Services Company for air cargo services. Global Scenario of Airport Management DGCA & AAI Indian Scenario of Airport Management
  11. B. Proposal| Presentation 11 Future of Airport Operations KEY TAKEAWAYS In conclusion, airport operations are a critical component of the aviation industry, encompassing a range of functions and activities that are essential for the safe and efficient movement of passengers and cargo. Key takeaways from this presentation include an understanding of airport planning, airport functions, organizational structure of airline and airport sectors, airport authorities, and global and Indian scenarios of airport management by DGCA and AAI. The future of airport operations is expected to be shaped by continued growth in air travel demand, increasing focus on sustainability and innovation, and evolving technologies and regulations. As such, staying abreast of industry developments and trends will be crucial for anyone interested in the aviation industry or working within it. Thank you for your attention..
  12. Thank You! By: Tanushree K. 12