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In this thesis a new method of measurement for population sparsity and accessibility is introduced. The goal has been a method well suited for adaptation to different scales and one that takes into consideration the geographic distribution and size of the population. The accessibility factor of the method is based on the extent and spread of the road network which results in realistic population sparsity values. Directly linking to the method, a special measure, the Rurality index was developed in order to show how the method can be used at several different levels in a clear-cut way, e.g. local or regional. The method was tested and evaluated using ArcGIS and network analysis based on the 2008 census materials. The study areas were the municipalities of Hudiksvall and Nordanstig in Sweden.