New Zealand’s innovation      ecosystem        Shaun Hendy        MacDiarmid Institute for Advanced        Materials and N...
Sir Paul Callaghan (1947-2012)   “Sir Paul Callaghan stands alongside Maurice Wilkins, Alan   MacDiarmid, Ernest Rutherfor...
Do we choose to be poor?                   Iceland       New Zealand    Japan                             USA             ...
Do we choose to be poor?                       $500,000Revenue per employee                       $400,000                ...
Innovate?                                   Source: triadic patents, OECD       Philip McCann, New Zealand Economic Papers...
My approach: data            Applicant     Patent             Inventor   Country   Export   Scientific            Authors ...
The world is not flat: patents                                  Bigger cities produce more                                ...
The world is not flat: scientific articlesInnovators are betterconnected in bigger       cities
Ecosystems                                      Ecosystems                                      are complex               ...
Innovation Ecosystems                          Ecosystems                          are complex                          sy...
Nokia’s inventor network                            2006More than 1300 inventors in Nokia’s largest connectedcomponent
Nokia’s applicant networkMore than 450 Finnish companies in Nokia’s patent network
Innovation ecosystems                        Ecosystems                        contain a                        few large ...
Intuitive surgical is embedded inthe largest network we havefound• it has more than 20,000  individual inventors• it stret...
Innovation Ecosystems: New Zealand • We released the Innovation Ecosystem Map in April• The map geo-locates inventors and ...
Innovation Ecosystems: New Zealand                                     NZs largest inventor                               ...
Economic indicatorsUsing revealed comparative advantage we can identify New Zealand’sstrengths on the map of product space...
Innovation Ecosystems: Biomass                                                BERD                                 The bio...
A City of Four Million People? • Economic geography 101:        If New Zealand was a city of four million people, our GDP ...
A City of Four Million People? • The industrial revolution was driven by specialisation and   increasing returns to scale ...
A City of Four Million People: the CoREs
A City of Four Million People:the MacDiarmid Institute                                                                  Au...
A City of Four Million People:the MacDiarmid Institute        2002-04                  2007-09  Source: ISI Web of Science
A City of Four Million People: my wishlist • Organisations will need to collaborate: We need to promote a   culture of ope...
Summary• Bibliometrics   – S. C. Hendy “New Zealand’s bibliometric record in research and     development: 1990-2008”, New...
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Shaun Hendy Innovation Ecosystem

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New Zealand’s innovation ecosystem
Shaun Hendy

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Shaun Hendy Innovation Ecosystem

  1. 1. New Zealand’s innovation ecosystem Shaun Hendy MacDiarmid Institute for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology @hendysh shaun.hendy@vuw.ac.nz sciblogs.co.nz/a-measure-of-science
  2. 2. Sir Paul Callaghan (1947-2012) “Sir Paul Callaghan stands alongside Maurice Wilkins, Alan MacDiarmid, Ernest Rutherford and William Pickering as one of New Zealands greatest scientists" Deputy Prime Minister, Bill English
  3. 3. Do we choose to be poor? Iceland New Zealand Japan USA Canada Switzerland Australia Greece Spain UK Ireland Sweden Finland Austria Italy Netherlands Germany Belgium France 2005
  4. 4. Do we choose to be poor? $500,000Revenue per employee $400,000 Fonterra $300,000 Fisher and Paykel Healthcare NZ Manufacturing Exports Total NZ Manufacturing $200,000 Needed Food manufacturing for current per capita GDP $100,000 Wine Tourism 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 FTE of employment http://mash.hashbang.co.nz/
  5. 5. Innovate? Source: triadic patents, OECD Philip McCann, New Zealand Economic Papers, 43: 3, 279-314 (2009)
  6. 6. My approach: data Applicant Patent Inventor Country Export Scientific Authors article
  7. 7. The world is not flat: patents Bigger cities produce more patents per capita Source: OECD REGPAT database
  8. 8. The world is not flat: scientific articlesInnovators are betterconnected in bigger cities
  9. 9. Ecosystems Ecosystems are complex systems that contain a few large players and lots of small players Enquist, Brown & West, Nature 395, 163-165(1998)
  10. 10. Innovation Ecosystems Ecosystems are complex systems that contain a few large players and lots of small players OECD REGPAT database
  11. 11. Nokia’s inventor network 2006More than 1300 inventors in Nokia’s largest connectedcomponent
  12. 12. Nokia’s applicant networkMore than 450 Finnish companies in Nokia’s patent network
  13. 13. Innovation ecosystems Ecosystems contain a few large players and lots of small players
  14. 14. Intuitive surgical is embedded inthe largest network we havefound• it has more than 20,000 individual inventors• it stretches from San Francisco to San Diego• it involves a large number of small to medium companies
  15. 15. Innovation Ecosystems: New Zealand • We released the Innovation Ecosystem Map in April• The map geo-locates inventors and the links between inventors in Google Earth sciblogs.co.nz/a-measure-of-science
  16. 16. Innovation Ecosystems: New Zealand NZs largest inventor network • 450 inventors • 14 NZ companies • 4 CRIs • 3 Universities
  17. 17. Economic indicatorsUsing revealed comparative advantage we can identify New Zealand’sstrengths on the map of product space (black dots) Social sciences Plant, animal, agricultural and 5% 10%9% 6% 8% environmental science 5% 13% Physical sciences and engineering 30% 36% 33% Medical sciences 28% 17% Mathematics and computer science Biological sciences
  18. 18. Innovation Ecosystems: Biomass BERD The biomass in an innovation ecosystem is R&D spending
  19. 19. A City of Four Million People? • Economic geography 101: If New Zealand was a city of four million people, our GDP per capita would exceed that of Australia• Can we learn to act like a city of four million?
  20. 20. A City of Four Million People? • The industrial revolution was driven by specialisation and increasing returns to scale in manufacturing• The knowledge revolution is being driven by similar effects in research and development• In the future, research and development will be undertaken by large multi-disciplinary teams of specialised researchers• As a small country, to build these teams we will need to drive down the spatial transaction costs in generating knowledge• New Zealand must embrace open research and data exchange, across Institutes, companies and regions
  21. 21. A City of Four Million People: the CoREs
  22. 22. A City of Four Million People:the MacDiarmid Institute Auckland University Massey University Auckland GNS ScienceIndustrial Research Ltd Palmerston Nth Victoria University Wellington Christchurch Canterbury University Dunedin 300 km Otago University
  23. 23. A City of Four Million People:the MacDiarmid Institute 2002-04 2007-09 Source: ISI Web of Science
  24. 24. A City of Four Million People: my wishlist • Organisations will need to collaborate: We need to promote a culture of openness and information exchange • People need to find other people: We need better tools for identifying expertise and IP• Ideas need to find other ideas: We need better data management!
  25. 25. Summary• Bibliometrics – S. C. Hendy “New Zealand’s bibliometric record in research and development: 1990-2008”, New Zealand Science Review 67 56-59 (2010)• Patents – S. C. Hendy and C. Sissons “Innovators, Innovation and Increasing Returns to Scale: Solving New Zealands Productivity Paradox”, New Zealand Science Review 68 28-32 (2011)• Products – D. O’Neale, X. Y. Zhang and S. C. Hendy, in preparation

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