FOCUS ON THE LEARNER (Facilitating and learning)

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FOCUS ON THE LEARNER (Facilitating and learning)

  1. 1. FOCUS ON THE LEARNER
  2. 2. The principal goal of education is to create men who are capable of doing new things, not simply repeating what other generations have done – men who are creative, inventive and discovers. -Jean Piaget
  3. 3. TAKE THE CHALLENGE! In this Module, challenge yourself to: * explain the salient concepts and principles of the major development theories. * demonstrate appreciation of how these theories provide a framework for understanding learners. * apply these theories to teaching- learning situations.
  4. 4. Theories Related to the Learners’ Development Erikson 8 Pscho-social Stages of Development Piaget 4 stages of Cognitive Development Brofenbrener Bio-Ecological Systems Vgotsky -On Language -Zone of Proximal Development Kohlberg 3 Stages and 6 Substages of Moral Development Freud 3 Components of Personality 5 Phychosexual Stages of Development
  5. 5. FREUD’S COMPONENTS OF THE PERSONALITY ID- pleasure-centered EGO- relity-centered SUPEREGO- ego ideal or conscience
  6. 6. FREUD’S PYCHO-SEXUAL STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ORAL STAGE ANAL STAGE PHALLIC STAGE LATENCY STAGE GENITAL STAGE
  7. 7. PIAGET 4 STAGES OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT SENSORY MOTOR PRE-OPERATIONAL CONCRETE-OPERATIONAL FORMAL-OPERATIONAL
  8. 8. “Healthy children will not fear life if their elders have integrity enough not to fear death”
  9. 9. ERIKSON’S PYCHO-SOCIAL STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT STAGE CRISIS SIGNIFICANT PERSON MALADPTATI ON MALIGNANC Y VIRTUE 1. Trust vs. Mistrust Infancy Overtrusting Withdrawal HOPE 2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt Early Childhood 18mos-4 Impulsiveness Compulsivene ss WILLPOWER 3. Initiative vs. Guilt Early Childhood 4-6 Ruthlessness Inhibition COURAGE 4. Industry vs. Inferiority Schoolage Narrow Virtuosity Inertia COMPETENC Y 5. Ego identity vs. Role Confusion Adolescence Fantacism Repudiation FIDELITY 6. Intimacy Young Adulthood Promiscuity Exculsion LOVE 7. Generativity vs. Stagnation Middle Adulthood Over extension Rejectivity CARE 8. Integrity vs. Despair Late Adulthood Presumption Disdain WISDOM
  10. 10. KOHLBERG’S STAGES OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT PRE- CONVENTIONAL STAGE1 PUNISHMENT/OBEDIENCE STAGE4 LAW AND ORDER POST- CONVENTIONAL STAGE5 SOCIAL CONTRACT CONVENTIONAL STAGE2 MUTUAL BENEFIT STAGE3 SOCIAL APPROVAL STAGE6 UNIVERSAL PRINCIPLES
  11. 11. VGOTSKY’S SOCIO-CULTURAL THEORY MORE KNOWLEDGEABLE OTHER (MKO) ZONE OF PROXIMAL DEVELOPMENT (ZPD) SCAFFOLDING
  12. 12. BRONFENBRENNER’S BIO-ECOLOGICAL THEORY THE INDIVIDUAL MICROSYSTEM MESOSYSTEM EXOSYSTEM MACROSYSTEM

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