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Karen O'Brien: What is “Transformation” and why is understanding its qualities important?

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On 18 May, Karen O'Brien, Derk Loorbach and Steve Waddell participated in a discussion called "What is 'Transformation' and why is understanding its qualities important?" Follow their conversation to learn about how academics view and study the concept of "transformation."

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Karen O'Brien: What is “Transformation” and why is understanding its qualities important?

  1. 1. What is “Transformation” and why is understanding its qualities important? Karen O’Brien Dept. of Sociology and Human Geography University of Oslo, Norway
  2. 2. Transformation: Physical and/or qualitative changes in form, structure, or meaning-making. 2
  3. 3. The Three Spheres of Transformation (Based on O’Brien and Sygna, 2013; Sharma 2009) 3
  4. 4. Leverage Points for Systems Change http://www.donellameadows.org/archives/leverage-points-places-to-intervene-in-a-system/
  5. 5. • What is the relationship between individual change and collective change? • What role do creativity and empowerment play in transformation processes? • In what ways do political agency and collaborative power promote transformations? • How can the transformation of scientific paradigms contribute to social transformations? 5

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