The future of Aid: A look into the Crystal Ball by Kenya Association of Fundraising Professionals
PRESENTER: Mutuku NguliDeputy Country Director and Director ProgrammesThe British CouncilDate: 29th March 2012Venue: Laico RegencyEmail: firstname.lastname@example.org
DFID• department of the British Government led by a Cabinet minister.• set up in 1997• in its manifesto, the government elected in may 1997 pledged to create a new department for international development headed by a Cabinet Minister.• previously the aid programme was managed by Over-seas Development Administration (ODA), a wing of the foreign and commonwealth office.
OBJECTIVE• DFID set out to make global development a national priority and promote it to audiences to UK and overseas, while fostering a new ‘aid relationship’ with Governments of developing counties.
DFID• two acts of parliament have helped to put development higher on the UK national agenda.• the international development act 2002 clarified the purpose of aid spending as poverty reduction.• while international development reporting and transparency act 2006 defined dfid’s annual reporting to parliament through annual report
OVER-VIEW OF DFID IN KENYA• DFID Kenya aims to support the unleashing of Kenyas potential through the triple tracks of ;• promoting stability and security before and after 2012 elections• stimulating growth, led by the private sector and with a focus on job creation.• improving service delivery through supporting greater choice and accountability, and innovative approaches to private provision and reduced vulnerability.
WEALTH CREATION• supporting market development, access to finance and regional trade in integration-to create 250,000 additional jobs for men and women.
CLIMATE CHANGE• building resilience and supporting low carbon growth-to reduce losses from extreme climate events by 0.5% of gross domestic product.
GOVERNANCE & SECURITY• supporting police and service delivery reforms and stronger accountability to deliver peaceful 2012 elections and future security for poor men and women
HEALTH• providing bed nets, maternal health and family planning services-to avert 30,000 deaths from malaria and 19,000 maternal deaths, and contribute to a 22% increase in the contraceptive prevalence.
EDUCATION• supporting schools in hard to reach slums and arid lands, and better teacher management-to enrol- 160,000 more girls and 140,000 more boys in schools, and improve the quality of education and school completion rates.
HUNGER & VULNERABILITY• provide cash transfers and investments in the arid lands-to lift 830,000 people out of poverty in Kenyas most marginal areas.
HUMANITARIAN AND EMERGENCY• providing funds and supporting new policies-to help most vulnerable conflict and disaster- affected people each year.• supporting the girls: building assets, health and education of adolescent girls-to lift at least 10,000 girls out of poverty and stop transfer of poverty between generations.• this builds on the gender focus that runs the Kenya programme, targeting our health, education and health investments on the same girls.
METHODOLOGY• although funding is not provided directly through government systems, DFID aims at ,• working closely with government through joint donor-government sector working groups to ensure alignment with Kenyas priorities,effcetive allocation of resources, and leverage of private sector investment
HISTORY• relationship started in 1976,when Kenya became the first country to sign national indicative programme for co-operation with the EU community under the first Lome Convention.
PRINCIPLE MANDATE• close co-operation with Government of Kenya .• implementation of the development cooperation.• the main areas of EU cooperation with Kenya are;• infrastructure.• rural development and social sector.• the ultimate goal of the strategy is to support Kenya in the achievement of Millennium Development Goals through political and economic reforms and integration into regional and world economy.
OBJECTIVES OF EXTERNAL ACTION• Democracy• Rule of law• Universality & individuality of human rights & fundamental freedoms, respect for humanity dignity, principles of equality & solidarity.
STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP FOR AFRICA-EU PARTNERSHIP• Democratic governance & human rights.• Millennium development goals• Trade• Regional integration & infrustructure,with overall goal reduction & elimination of poverty.• The EU is the world largest provider of development assistance in Kenya.
AID PROGRAMMES• Kenyas development strategy is built on four pillars: 1. aiming to strengthen economic growth, 2. to develop physical infrastructure and 3. to improve governance and to invest in human capital.• This completed by general budget support and sector budget support for specific policies and strategies in individual sector.• This allows the government to improve budget allocation on the basis of poverty eradication priorities, investing in human capital of the poor.• Additional support is to enhance capacity building for public policy institutions, improving governance and strengthening non-state actors as well creating a favourable climate to support private sector development and export-led growth.
Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit Gtz now GIZ
GiZ-KENYA• Kenya is a priority partner for Germany and International Development Cooperation in East Africa.• since 1975, GiZ has been active in Kenya on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for economic cooperation and development.
OVER-VIEWS• The Kenya Government that has since 2003 attempted to overcome an economic crisis by liberalising the economy, fighting corruption & improving the rule of law.• GiZ has been helping to develop policies designed to achieve more than participatory and pro-poor goals.• The central influence of Government is to be reduced, and the transition made to decentralised decision making and implementation by CSOs, Churches, the private sector, user groups and parastatal organisations.• The priority areas are water, health & agriculture.
THEMETIC AREAS• The GiZ projects address the topics of good governance, pro-poor management of the public budget, and strengthening peace and security in the region.• The fight against HIV/aids is part of all programmes and projects.
WHAT THEY DO• USAID is an independent federal agency.• Its work is to support long-term and equitable economic growth and advances U.S.A foreign policy objectives by supporting;
AREAS OF INTEREST• Economic growth; agriculture and trade.• Global health.• Democracy, conflict prevention and humanitarian assistance.
USAID HISTORY• Goes back to marshal plan reconstruction of Europe after world war II.• In 1961, the foreign assistance act was signed into law and USAID was created by executive order.• Since that time, USAID has been the principal U.S. agency to extend assistance to countries recovering from disaster, trying to escape poverty, and engaging in democratic reforms.
USAID IN KENYA• USAID is working with Kenya for Kenya to;• Advance democracy and the rule of law.• Access to improved quality of health and education services.• Modernize and grow the economy so that Kenyas wealth is shared by more.
PARTNERS• USAID is headquartered in Washington D.C.• Works closely with private voluntary organizations, indigenous organizations, universities, international agencies, Governments etc.
WHAT THEY DO/HISTORY• WB is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world.• it works in partnership to reduce poverty and support development.• it comprises two institutions managed by 187 member countries
INSTITUTIONS• The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD).• The International Development Association (IDA) - focusing exclusively on the world’s poorest countries.• These institutions are part of larger body known as the world bank group.
INCEPTION• WB was established in 1944,• Headquartered in Washington D.C. with more than 9000 employees in more than 100 offices world wide.
STRATEGY• The bank has six strategic themes that drives its work:• Focus on poorest countries.• Fragile and conflict affected States.• The Arab world.• Middle –income countries.• Global public goods issues and• Delivery of knowledge and learning services.
OTHER GUIDES• Thematic and sector strategies which guide its work to reduce poverty in specific sector or aspect of development.• Country assistance strategies, with the key areas in which it can best support in reducing poverty and achieve sustainable development
FINANCIAL PRODUCTS & SERVICES• WB provides; low interest rates.• Interest free credit and• Grants to developing countries
THEMATIC AREAS• Education• Health• Public administration.• Infrastructure.• Finance & private sector development..• Agriculture, environmental and natural resource management.
OTHER AREAS• Support countries through:• Policy advice.• Research and analysis & technical assistance.• Support capacity development.• Sponsor the hosts in conferences and forums.
RESULTS• Help sharpen developing countries deliver measurable results.• Reform- works to improve project design and develivery.• Information sharing.• How to bring operations closer to client (Government & communities).
OPEN DEVELOPMENT• WB offers a range of free, easy-to- access tools, research &knowledge to help people address the world’s development challenges.
AIM• Manages Canadas support and resources effectively and accountably to achieve meaningful, sustainable results.• Engage in policy development in Canada & internationally enabling Canadas efforts to realize its development objectives
PLANS,PRIORITIES AND RESULTS• Lead Canadas international effort to help people living in poverty.• Guides how Canadas aid is to be used more efficiently, in a focused and accountable manner.
PRIORITY AREAS• Increasing food security.• Securing the future of children.• Stimulating sustainable economic growth.
PROGRAMMES & PROJECTS• CIDA achieves development results through its different programmes and projects around the world by working through:-• Other multilateral & global partners like WFP,WB and global fund to aids,TB & malaria.• Through partnerships.• Directly in developing countries.• Responds to critical humanitarian needs
THEMATIC FOCUS• CIDA’s programme in Kenya is closely aligned with Kenyas new long-term national planning strategy,officaly known as Kenya Vision 2030.• The goal of CIDA’S program is to help Kenya secure a future for children and youth by improving primary education and strengthen democratic governance by improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the public sector