Socio-economic impact of
protected areas on local
communities
reasons for a change
Carlos Sunyer
TERRA centro para la polí...
How to attract them?
• The cost / benefit must be positive, with a direct
impact on local people
• Most used tools
•Invest...
Tourism
• Tourist attraction (quality mark)
• 72% of Germans prefer holidays in a region where there is a Park
• Demand fo...
Nº de establecimientos de turismo rural en España (Datos
a enero. Fuente INE)
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
14000
2001...
New business
PROTECTED
AREA
TOURISM
•49,4 M visitors(2004)
Increasing demand for
differentiated products
• An opportunity for local products
Organic farming surface
Economic value of P.D.O. and P.G.I. (excluding wine)
New business
PROTECTED
AREA
TOURISMLOCAL PRODUCTSMARKETS
Jobs, wealth, opportunities, local pride,
Involvement of stakehol...
• Nº = 10, 499.895 ha, 130 municipalities
Aging rate, decreases
Rate of activity, increases
Level of training , increases
...
Direct employment = 1.759 full time jobs
National Parks
• Nº = 4, 143.591 ha, 30 municipalities
– Aging rate, decreases
– Rate of activity, increases
– Level of tr...
NP Sierra Nevada
• 86.000 ha
– 72% entrepreneurs say the park positively affects the billing
– 27,1% of the turnover is du...
• Data show:
– Positive impact well beyond that recognized by the local
population and the administration
– Direct impact ...
CHALLENGES
• Case by case approach
• Too focused on the tourist sector
• Park administration must be more proactive
• More...
Indeed these are reasons for a change
Thanks for your attention
Carlos Sunyer
www.terracentro.org
• New business. New jobs
Nº SME. Cabañeros NationalPark
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Before 1995 1995-99 2000-04 2005-08
Some facts
• Huge surface
• 1.300 municipalities, 12.000.000 inhabitats
• Most are in less favored areas
– Less oportunities
– Low productions
– Relation cost/benefits is broken
– Intensificatio...
Socio-economic impact of protected areas on local communities: reasn for a Chanche. Biodiversity Post-2010 Vision and targ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Socio-economic impact of protected areas on local communities: reasn for a Chanche. Biodiversity Post-2010 Vision and target.-Carlos Sunyer

1,373 views

Published on

Biodiversity Post-2010 Vision and target
Conference Socio-economic impact of protected areas on local communities: reasn for a Chanche .-Carlos Sunyer
Tierra centro para la política ambiental.

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,373
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
32
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Socio-economic impact of protected areas on local communities: reasn for a Chanche. Biodiversity Post-2010 Vision and target.-Carlos Sunyer

  1. 1. Socio-economic impact of protected areas on local communities reasons for a change Carlos Sunyer TERRA centro para la política ambiental
  2. 2. How to attract them? • The cost / benefit must be positive, with a direct impact on local people • Most used tools •Investments for improving living conditions •Grants and incentives •Awareness
  3. 3. Tourism • Tourist attraction (quality mark) • 72% of Germans prefer holidays in a region where there is a Park • Demand for rural and nature tourism • Increase of nature tourism (10-30%) / conventional tourism (4%) • Overnight stays in rural accomodations 20% • 49,4 M visitors to protected areas (2004)
  4. 4. Nº de establecimientos de turismo rural en España (Datos a enero. Fuente INE) 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Visitantes en los parques nacionales de España 0 2.000.000 4.000.000 6.000.000 8.000.000 10.000.000 12.000.000 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 Nº visitantes Visitors to national parks Rural tourism establishments
  5. 5. New business PROTECTED AREA TOURISM •49,4 M visitors(2004)
  6. 6. Increasing demand for differentiated products • An opportunity for local products
  7. 7. Organic farming surface Economic value of P.D.O. and P.G.I. (excluding wine)
  8. 8. New business PROTECTED AREA TOURISMLOCAL PRODUCTSMARKETS Jobs, wealth, opportunities, local pride, Involvement of stakeholders,
  9. 9. • Nº = 10, 499.895 ha, 130 municipalities Aging rate, decreases Rate of activity, increases Level of training , increases Castilla y Leon Natural Parks
  10. 10. Direct employment = 1.759 full time jobs
  11. 11. National Parks • Nº = 4, 143.591 ha, 30 municipalities – Aging rate, decreases – Rate of activity, increases – Level of training , increases Direct employment = 2.673 full time jobs Estimation for Spain (excluding the Balearic and Canary Islands) Direct employment of protected areas: 11.140 full time jobs Total employment of protected areas: 16.732 full time jobs
  12. 12. NP Sierra Nevada • 86.000 ha – 72% entrepreneurs say the park positively affects the billing – 27,1% of the turnover is due to the park (334 M€) – Direct employment = 4.683 • Fernández et al. 2007 Municipalities in Parks Other mountain munipalities Andalucia Period Population 0,54 -0,25 0,70 1989-2005 Aging index 60,1 66,3 47,9 1986-2005 Net incomes/inhabitant 6,73 5,07 4,50 1991-2001
  13. 13. • Data show: – Positive impact well beyond that recognized by the local population and the administration – Direct impact on the local population • Promotes: – the integration of nature conservation and landscape as a business asset – more collaborative attitudes
  14. 14. CHALLENGES • Case by case approach • Too focused on the tourist sector • Park administration must be more proactive • More studies socio-economic studies are needed • Should not be confused with the value of biodiversity • Results must be shown to the wide public • Should be a reason for a better understanding between stakeholders and nature conservation
  15. 15. Indeed these are reasons for a change
  16. 16. Thanks for your attention Carlos Sunyer www.terracentro.org
  17. 17. • New business. New jobs Nº SME. Cabañeros NationalPark 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Before 1995 1995-99 2000-04 2005-08
  18. 18. Some facts • Huge surface • 1.300 municipalities, 12.000.000 inhabitats
  19. 19. • Most are in less favored areas – Less oportunities – Low productions – Relation cost/benefits is broken – Intensification-Abandon • Social, economic and ecological impact

×