Tom Hockaday - Seminario 'Nuevos enfoques sobre políticas de innovación'


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Los días 13 y 14 de marzo de 2014, la Fundación Ramón Areces organizó con el Instituto de Estudios de la Innovación (IREIN) y el Foro de Empresas Innovadoras una jornada sobre 'Nuevos enfoques sobre políticas de innovación'. Contó con la intervención de destacados expertos internacionales como Luc Soete, rector de la Universidad de Maastricht; Julia Lane, del American Institutes for Research (AIR) de Estados Unidos; Giovanni Dosi, del Institute of Economics de la Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna (Italia); Daniele Archibugi, del CNRS y del Birkbeck College de la University of London; John Cantwell, del Rutgers Business School de Rutgers University (Estados Unidos); Jorge Katz, de la Universidad de Chile; Tom Hockaday, del ISIS Innovation de la Universidad de Oxford (Reino Unido), y Johan Schot, del Science and Technology Policy Research de la University of Sussex (Reino Unido).

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Tom Hockaday - Seminario 'Nuevos enfoques sobre políticas de innovación'

  2. 2. Contents • Introduction • Isis Innovation • Elements • Phases of growth
  3. 3. Introduction • Knowledge Based Economy • Universities (the Research Base) • Industry, Business
  4. 4. Towers
  5. 5. Intermediaries – 4th Dimension International Innovation
  6. 6. Madrid Barajas Atocha Cuatro Torres
  7. 7. Oxford University
  8. 8. Oxford & Isis Innovation • OXFORD • Today - Most Powerful UK Research University • Highest University Research Spend in UK at £542 million (2012) • ISIS INNOVATION • Isis Innovation Ltd is a company 100% owned by the University of Oxford, established in 1987 • Isis helps researchers who wish to commercialise the results of their research • A world-class Technology Innovation business. Isis 5th highest British PCT patent applicant
  9. 9. Isis Innovation Ltd Oxford Technology Transfer IP, Patents, Licences, Spin-outs, Material Sales, Outcome Questionnaires, Seed Funds, Isis Angels Network, Isis Software Incubator, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust Oxford Expertise Consulting, Services @isisinnovation A profitable company 100% owned by the University of Oxford Isis Consulting Business Technology Transfer and Innovation Management
  10. 10. Isis Impacts • The impact of Isis activities is seen through the take-up of new technologies and ideas that form the basis for new products and services.
  11. 11. Natural Motion
  12. 12. Oxford Immunotec
  13. 13. Spin-outs – The Players Shareholder, Director, Consultant Isis - licence, University shareholding, director (OSEM) Lawyers Accountants Shareholder, Director CEO, Shareholder Bankers AdvisersShareholders I N V E S T M E N T Founder Researchers Isis Technology Transfer Manager Lawyers Accountants Manager (1) Manager (2)? Investor (1) Investor (2) ? Bankers Time TT
  14. 14. Syzygy
  15. 15. Intermediaries – 4th Dimension Intermediaries - International Intermediaries - International
  16. 16. Academic axis £ -> Research 3D – Spin-out 2D – Licence, Consulting Isis Innovation Staff Acting as Multi-dimensional Intermediaries Investor axis £ -> £££ Commercial axis Research -> £
  17. 17. Intermediaries – 4th Dimension Intermediaries - International Intermediaries - International
  18. 18. ELEMENTS
  19. 19. Layers in the Innovation Ecosystem Research Base – Researchers, TTO, Administrators Professional advisers – patent attorneys, lawyers, accountants, banks, commercial property managers, pr, head-hunters, consultants, students, journalists Innovative companies, investors, entrepreneurs, Other universities, institutes
  20. 20. Elements • The Research Base – University, Institute, Hospitals • Business & Finance • Government • A fourth area …
  21. 21. Elements – Research Base • Supportive Vice-Chancellor, Rector, Provost, Director • & Senior Researchers • Research Activity • High volume & quality • Researcher engagement • University Policies • IP Ownership / Revenue sharing / Spin-outs • Disputes • Research Services Office • Manage relationship with Research funders • Access to Proof of Concept / Seed funds • To accelerate technology transfer • Technology Transfer Office • Adequately resourced
  22. 22. Elements – Business & Finance • Business Networks • Innovative Technology companies • As Licensees • Business Angels • Seed & Venture Capital • Entrepreneurs • Professional Advisers • Banks / Accountants / Lawyers / Property
  23. 23. Elements - Government • Tax incentives • SME Benefits • CGT & Income Tax • Tax credits & Tax relief • ‘Patent Box’ • Grant programmes • Technology Transfer capacity, proof-of-concept • Businesses • Government Agencies • Research Funding, Innovation (TSB in UK) • National Research Facilities, Government Science Parks • Legislative framework • Intellectual Property • Company law • Public procurement • Support & Clarity & Consistency
  24. 24. Elements – A fourth area • Non Governmental Organisations • Charities • Foundations • Not-for-Profits • Social Enterprise
  25. 25. Oxford incubators & science parks Isis Software Incubator Oxford Centre for Innovation Oxford Magnet Begbroke Science Park Oxford Science Park Oxford Entrepreneurs Incubator Oxford Low Carbon Hub Oxford Hub Milton Park Oxford BioEscalator Harwell - European Space Agency's Business Incubation Centre Science Vale Enterprise Zone Source: Google Maps
  26. 26. The Innovation System Recruitment, head-hunters Angel Networks Students Angel Investors Investment Funds Accountants Bankers Lawyers Technology Transfer organisations University Researchers Commercial property managers Journalists Consultants Public Relations Local Government Hospitals Government Labs Research Institutes Members of Parliament Incubators Business networks Science ParksOther universities Industry Technology companies Business Start-ups ‘City deal’ Local Enterprise Partnership
  27. 27. Phases of Growth
  28. 28. Phases - Introduction Phase 1 The old days up to late 1980’s Phase 2 The heydays mid 1990’s to mid 2000’s Phase 3 The winds of change early 2010’s Phase 4 a Economic pressures nowadays Phase 4 b Impacts of Impact looking ahead Implications REFERENCE: LES NOUVELLES, December 2013
  29. 29. Phase 1 University, Researchers Research just got funded somehow, anyway, by government? Occasional interactions with industry, ex-students Industry
  30. 30. Phase 2 University, Researchers Technology Transfer Office Industry Increasing interactions with industry, technology companies, 2-way flows. Recognition of value of IP, creation of TTOs
  31. 31. Phase 3 University, Researchers Technology Transfer Office Industry TTO’s mature, some thrive, many struggle. Research collaborations with Industry become far more important to researchers [why? weak economy, pressure from government] Researchers now view IP differently, as a means to research funding, not only TT deals
  32. 32. Phase 4 University, Researchers Technology Transfer Office Spin-outs TTO’s need to adopt more flexible models, to satisfy changing ways researchers view the use of IP, and changing industry models, ‘Open Innovation’ Universities need to modify its expectations of the TTO. Will character of TTO’s change …? Research Collaborators Licensees
  33. 33. Phase 5 University, Researchers Technology Transfer Office Industry Universities respond to pressure for Impact, become far better a explaining benefits from public investment, TT impact diluted. University views TTO as smaller part of a bigger picture. Society Policy
  34. 34. Phases - Implications • For Technology Transfer Offices • - may disappear where the university sees no economic value in its IP • - must [continue to] explain non-commercial benefits of the commercial route • For Universities • - may lose the non-commercial benefits [Impact] of the commercial route • - will complain later when they miss the blockbuster • For Government • - beware the ‘commercialisation effect’ • - help universities understand why commercial route is good for them, for the non- commercial reasons • For Industry • - may miss out on commercial positions • - may pick up more technologies for free
  35. 35. Isis Innovation Ltd, Ewert House, Ewert Place, Summertown, Oxford OX2 7SG T 01865 280830 F 01865 280831 E Register to receive Isis E-News at: Follow us @IsisInnovation
  36. 36. Isis Annual Report 2013