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Paul Berkman - Ciencia, tecnología e innovación diplomática en el escenario internacional


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El 7 de septiembre de 2017 celebramos la III Reunión de diplomacia científica, tecnológica y de innovación española en la Fundación Ramón Areces en colaboración con la Fundación Española para la Ciencia y la Tecnología (FECYT). En ella pudimos asistir a una presentación por Paul Berkman sobre la ciencia, la tecnología y la innovación diplomática en el escenario internacional.

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Paul Berkman - Ciencia, tecnología e innovación diplomática en el escenario internacional

  1. 1. Nation States ~30% International Spaces ~70% Prof. Paul Arthur Berkman Professor of Practice in Science Diplomacy Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University National Interests Common Interests Science Diplomacy for our Globally-Interconnected Civilization
  2. 2. Globally-Interconnected Civilization Urgencies exists simultaneously across security time scales (mitigating risks of political, economic, societal and environmental instabilities) and sustainability times scales (balancing societal, economic and environmental elements across generations) that must be addressed by nations individually and collectively.
  3. 3. Holistic Decision Support Decision-Support Process Sustainability (Stability and Balance) Environmental Protection, Economic Prosperity and Societal Well-being Urgencies Today and Across Future Generations National Interests and Common Interests SCIENCE DIPLOMACY is an holistic (international, interdisciplinary and inclusive) process involving evidence integration to balance national interests and common interests for the benefit of all on Earth.
  4. 4. Science (defined as the study of change) as an essential gauge of changes over time and space. Science as an instrument for Earth system monitoring and assessment. Science as an early warning system. Science as a determinant of public policy agendas. Science as an element of international legal institutions. Science as a source of invention and commercial enterprise. Science as one of the “subsidiary means for the determination of rules of law” (International Court of Justice). Science as an element of continuity in our global society built on a evolving foundation of prior knowledge. Science as a tool of diplomacy, fostering inclusive dialogues to protect our common welfare and the world we live in. Elements of Science Diplomacy
  5. 5. TABLE 2: Science and Technology (S&T) Advisors Involved with Foreign Affairs at the Highest Levels of National Governments Heads-of-State Starting Year Foreign Minister1 Starting Year United States 1941 United States 2000 United Kingdom 1964 United Kingdom 2009 Australia 1989 New Zealand 2010 India 1999 Japan 2015 Cuba 2004 Senegal 2016 New Zealand 2009 Oman 2017 Malaysia 2010 Poland 2017 Ireland 2012 1 The Foreign Minister Science and Technology Advisor Network (FMSTAN) emerged in 2016.Canada 2016 Science and Technology Advice among Nations
  6. 6. Characteristics of Science and Technology Advisors TABLE 3: Characteristics of S&T Advisors to Foreign Ministers S&T Capacity Diplomatic Capacity Personal Capacity  Knowledge broker vs. advocate  Interdisciplinary skills  Look far afield  Agility to different resources  Systems thinker  International insights  Communication ability  Publically astute  Fearless policy advice  Understand cultures for advice  Diplomatic and S&T skills  Institutional access  Emotional intelligence  Create trust  Good listener and teacher  Personal touch to be helpful  Ethical and brave  Make others look good International Network for Government Science Advice (International Council of Science)
  7. 7. Sustainability Across Generations Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation – Signed May 11, 2017 (Fairbanks, United States) Balanced Multilateral Insulation from Global Instabilities
  8. 8. Science Diplomacy for the Benefit of All on Earth
  9. 9. Applying Science Diplomacy SCIENCE DIPLOMACY CENTER Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University