GENDER VIOLENCE AND PRISON: from MIP to SPREAD

1,574 views

Published on

Presentation on Gender violence and prison: from MIP to SPREAD, by Mar Camarasa Casals from SURT. Fundació de dones. Fundació privada.

Published in: News & Politics
  • Be the first to like this

GENDER VIOLENCE AND PRISON: from MIP to SPREAD

  1. 1. FINAL EUROPEAN SYMPOSIUM ON TACKLING GENDER VIOLENCE IN PRISON WITHIN THE EU From MIP to SPREAD Mar Camarasa Casals SURT Fundació de dones. Fundació privada.
  2. 2. SURT. WOMEN’S FOUNDATION. PRIVATE FOUNDATION. It is a Foundation recognised as and innovative and transformative project for today’s society that aims at: • Fostering equality between women and men at the social, political, economic sphere • Supporting the process of women’s labour insertion, especially those who find themselves in situation of major social and employment vulnerability
  3. 3. RESEARCH AND INNOVATIVE AREA • Constitutes a space of reflection, research, innovation and exchange of experiences around gender, labour and social exclusion • By carrying out projects at the local, regional, national and European level, the RI area aspires to be an interactive area where research and innovation intervention with women takes place continuously
  4. 4. SUBJECT OF THE RESEARCH • One of the most invisible groups in our society is the one constituted by women in prisons • Women are a minority group inside prisons • There is the need to get to know this group and to explore intervention and research lines
  5. 5. TIME LINE OF SURT’S WORK 1999 2005 Research on ‘Violence against women. Analysis of the female penitentiary population’ 2008-2010 2002-2005 2006-2008
  6. 6. MIP project (2002-05) • AIM: To analyse the profile, situation and socio -labour insertion of female prisoners in Europe • PARTICIPATING MEMBER STATES: Spain, Italy, France, Germany, UK and Hungary • MAIN FINDINGS:  Before going to prison women have already suffered serious economic, social and cultural disadvantages  The stay in prison becomes another factor of exclusion for these women
  7. 7. MIP project (2002-05) MIP analysed the main features of the profile of female prisoners in Europe: • Young/middle-age women • Women with low educational level • Precarious labour situation • Monomarentality: high percentage of women without a partner but with children • High prevalence of drug abusers
  8. 8. MIP project (2002-05) • Instable housing • Important proportion of migrant women and women belonging to ethnic minorities (Roma women) • Women presenting bad health • Very high prevalence of women who have suffered gender violence before entering to prison
  9. 9. MIP project (2002-05) One of the main finding of MIP: SOCIAL EXCLUSION CRIME GENDER VIOLENCE
  10. 10. MIP project (2002-05) There were almost no statistics or research on this issue, but it appeared in the qualitative interviews with women in all countries THERE WAS A NEED TO DEVELOP FUTHER RESEARCH ON GENDER VIOLENCE AND PENITENTIARY SYSTEMS
  11. 11. VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN THE CATALAN PENITENTIARY CENTRES (2005) AIM: To analyse the incidence of gender violence within the female population of Catalan penitentiary centres METHODOLOGY: qualitative interviews with 200 female prisoners MAIN RESULTS: 1. Overrepresentation of women survivors of domestic violence inside prison: - 88.4% of the female inmates had suffered some experience of gender violence - No differences in terms of age, ethnic group, origin, drug abuse, educational level or number of children
  12. 12. VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN THE CATALAN PENITENTIARY CENTRES (2005) 2. Strong psychological and emotional impact (among others) of violence: 76% low self-esteem 94% were depressed when suffering violence and 50% were still depressed at the moment of the research 53% suicide attempts 65% self-blaming for the violence suffered 75% lost friends and social net due to violence 69% violence affected their capacity to work or search for a job 85% ran away from home due to violence
  13. 13. VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN THE CATALAN PENITENTIARY CENTRES (2005) - 87% of these women claimed that they had needed psychological, economic, health, housing support but they did not got it - No support from social or family networks - No support inside prison centres: no programmes tackling gender violence effects 3. Need of support versus lack of programmes: CONSTRAST WITH LEGISLATION ON GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN’S RIGHTS
  14. 14. LEGISLATION ON GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN’S RIGHTS International and European legislation and political agreements against gender violence: Member States are obliged to prevent and combat violence against women and to offer support to those women who have suffered gender violence LITTLE POLITICAL AND LEGAL ATTENTION TO THE PHENOMENON OF GENDER VIOLENCE IN THE PENITENIARY CONTEXT
  15. 15. • Daphne project coordinated by SURT • ACTIVITES DEVELOPED:  Research on existing in-prison programmes for men abusers and women survivors of gender violence in the EU  Design and implementation of gender-based pilot in prison programmes in Hungary and Catalonia  Elaboration of an intervention manual for professionals  Training to prison staff ALTRA (2006-2008)
  16. 16. POLITICAL IMPACT: • Raise awareness on the seriousness of the issue within the Catalan and Spanish penitentiary administration • SURT was invited by the Spanish government / penitentiary institutions to participate in the Commission of experts of the Equality Plan inside Penitentiary Institutions • In Catalonia: at the end of ALTRA, the Justice Department of the Catalan government funds annually 3 in-prison programmes targeting women for preventing and tackling gender violence in 2 women’s prisons. They are carried out by SURT. ALTRA (2006-2008)
  17. 17. FROM ALTRA TO SPREAD Due to the success of ALTRA project Need to SPREAD this positive experience and raise awareness on the issue to all EU Member States
  18. 18. SPREAD (2008-2010) • Daphne project coordinated by SURT • ACTIVITES DEVELOPED:  Update research on existing in-prison programmes for men abusers and women having suffered gender violence in the EU  Design and implementation of gender-based in-prison programmes in Bulgaria, Cyprus and Finland  Creation of Minimum Standards for the intervention in prison  Creation of a Training package on Gender Violence for Prison Staff
  19. 19. SPREAD (2008-2010)  Implementation of training to prison staff in Bulgaria, Cyprus and Finland  Elaboration of sensitisation leaflet sent to all EU prison administrations  Elaboration of a document on political recommendations on gender violence and prisons  Sensitisation and raise awareness on the issue at national and EU level
  20. 20. THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR YOUR ATTENTION! For more information: www.surt.org www.surt.org/mip www.surt.org/altra www.surt.ord/spread

×