ACTION PROGRAMME
FOR GENDER
EQUALITY IN THE
PENITENTIARY
ENVIRONMENT
ACTION PROGRAMME
FOR GENDER
EQUALITY IN THE
PENITENTI...
General Objectives
4. Getting a prison environment free of a
gender discrimination ratio
1. Identifying the characteristic...
International Legal Sources
• Legislation of the Human Rights Committee.
• New European Prison Rules (Rec. 2006)2 of the
C...
• Law 39/99, 5th of November, promoting the
reconciliation between work and family life of
working people.
• Organic Law 1...
Outstanding Studies
• MIP Investigation Project: “Women, Integration
and Prison” (2005). Analysis of the processes of
soci...
Outstanding Studies
• Andalusian Ombudsman’s Report, about
“women prisoners in Andalusia” (2006)
• Studies and Research fr...
A)  Caused by their lower numerical presence: 
•Distance and geographical dispersion.
•Worst conditions on architecture, l...
B) Caused by their criminal profiles:
• Less criminally sophisticated.
• Longer sentences.
• Increased application of init...
C) Caused by their lower level of conflict:  
• Masculine management of the centers, inflexibility.
Excessive control and ...
1. ORGANIZATION ACTIONS1. ORGANIZATION ACTIONS
2. PERMANENT OBSERVATORY TO
ERADICATE GENDER DISCRIMINATION
CAUSES
2. PERMA...
1. ORGANIZATION ACTIONS
•Institutional  involvement  of  social  agents  on  Action  Plans  for 
Equality. 
•Introducing g...
2. CREATING AN EQUALITY ACTIONS PLAN OBSERVATORY
•Monitoring the fulfilment, development and execution of the Actions Plan...
3.1. ATTENTION TO PERSONAL NEEDS
-Personal history with many social discrimination factors.
-Imprisonment increases the fa...
3.2. ATTENTION
TO FAMILIAR
NEEDS
Guilt, distress and uncertainty
towards family responsibilities.
Fear of the possibility ...
“Intervention Programme for Women Victims of Gender
Violence”
“Intervention Programme for Women Victims of Gender
Violence...
General actions to promote an open environment for women inmates.
Mechanisms of positive discrimination.
General actions t...
General actions to promote an open environment for women inmates.
Mechanisms of positive discrimination.
General actions t...
Adapting architectural structures and residencial equipments to
women
Adapting architectural structures and residencial eq...
Organization modifications to promote changes for a better internal
classification.
Organization modifications to promote ...
Mediation Project between Women Inmates in Penitentiary Institutions and
their Families.
Mediation Project between Women I...
Implementation of the new Mothers External Units and review of
ongoing projects
Implementation of the new Mothers External...
“Gender Indicators in the Penitentiary System” related to the
Gender Indicator System of the Ministry of Equality.
“Gender...
www.institucionpenitenciaria.es
(Fondo documental)
For more information you can visit this
website:
THANK YOU FOR
YOUR ATT...
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ACTIONS FOR GENDER EQUALITY IN SPANISH PRISONS

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Presentation on Actions for Gender Equality in prison in the Spanish Penitentiary environment by Francesca Melis Pont, Headmistress of Treatment Area of women prison in Alcala de Henares (Madrid)

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  • ACTIONS FOR GENDER EQUALITY IN SPANISH PRISONS

    1. 1. ACTION PROGRAMME FOR GENDER EQUALITY IN THE PENITENTIARY ENVIRONMENT ACTION PROGRAMME FOR GENDER EQUALITY IN THE PENITENTIARY ENVIRONMENT
    2. 2. General Objectives 4. Getting a prison environment free of a gender discrimination ratio 1. Identifying the characteristics of women inmates 2. Meeting their specific needs 3. Eradicating gender violence
    3. 3. International Legal Sources • Legislation of the Human Rights Committee. • New European Prison Rules (Rec. 2006)2 of the Committee of Ministers of Member States. • General Report of the European Council, based on the Committee for Torture Prevention and Other Degrading Treatment. • European Parliament Resolution, March 13th , 2008. • Resolution of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations, E/CN,15/2009L3.
    4. 4. • Law 39/99, 5th of November, promoting the reconciliation between work and family life of working people. • Organic Law 1/04, 28th of December: Integral Protection Measures against Gender Violence. • Organic Law 3/2007, 22nd of March, for Men and Women’s Effective Equality. Spanish Legal Sources
    5. 5. Outstanding Studies • MIP Investigation Project: “Women, Integration and Prison” (2005). Analysis of the processes of socio-labour integration of women in prison in Europe. • “International Study on Women Prison System. Evaluation, needs assessment and best practices”. Dünkel, F.; Kestermann, C. and Solondek, J. (2005). University of Greifswald. • SURT Group: “Violence against Women. Analysis among the female prison population” (2005)
    6. 6. Outstanding Studies • Andalusian Ombudsman’s Report, about “women prisoners in Andalusia” (2006) • Studies and Research from the approach of Critical Criminology. •Good prison practices
    7. 7. A)  Caused by their lower numerical presence:  •Distance and geographical dispersion. •Worst conditions on architecture, livability and accomodation. •Lack of internal classification’s criteria. •Difficulty of access to certain areas and services. Differential characteristics of women inmates in Spain. Sources of discrimination.
    8. 8. B) Caused by their criminal profiles: • Less criminally sophisticated. • Longer sentences. • Increased application of initial classifications and progressions to an Open Life Regime (positive discrimination).
    9. 9. C) Caused by their lower level of conflict:   • Masculine management of the centers, inflexibility. Excessive control and prohibitions. • Better social climate. Order and cleanliness. • In relation to the roles that are assigned to them: – Training and Education based on gender roles. – Domestic-type work, worst paid or rejected in male’s departments. • Coexistence and solidarity. • Ignorance towards their needs and demands. Lack of specific programs based on their gender difference.
    10. 10. 1. ORGANIZATION ACTIONS1. ORGANIZATION ACTIONS 2. PERMANENT OBSERVATORY TO ERADICATE GENDER DISCRIMINATION CAUSES 2. PERMANENT OBSERVATORY TO ERADICATE GENDER DISCRIMINATION CAUSES 3. INTEGRAL ATTENTION TO THE NEEDS OF IMPRISONED AND RELEASED WOMEN 3. INTEGRAL ATTENTION TO THE NEEDS OF IMPRISONED AND RELEASED WOMEN 4. PLANS TO FACILITATE THE ERADICATION OF GENDER VIOLENCE AND TO DECREASE ITS CONSEQUENCES 4. PLANS TO FACILITATE THE ERADICATION OF GENDER VIOLENCE AND TO DECREASE ITS CONSEQUENCES 122 ACTIONS
    11. 11. 1. ORGANIZATION ACTIONS •Institutional  involvement  of  social  agents  on  Action  Plans  for  Equality.  •Introducing gender perspective in prison policies. •Adapting  staff  policies  to  Equality  Plans  and  Family  Reconciliation  Laws.  •Incorporating  Gender  Policies  to  staff  management  and  to  their  training programs.   •Promoting  legal  changes  on  gender  equality  that  reduce  family  costs, and the greater suffering of women during their imprisonment. 
    12. 12. 2. CREATING AN EQUALITY ACTIONS PLAN OBSERVATORY •Monitoring the fulfilment, development and execution of the Actions Plan  for Equality.  •Encouraging studies and working groups.  •Acting as a consultant and inspection organ, taking into account what is  considered relevant in terms of gender equality.   •Developing and implementing management analysis methods to assess  periodically women´s imprisonment conditions in comparison to men´s.  •Incorporating  the  analysis  of  gender  impact  on  reports  and  on  general  decisions.  •General Plan to adapt the architecture structures to women’s needs.   •Adapting the penitentiary regime to women’s characteristics. 
    13. 13. 3.1. ATTENTION TO PERSONAL NEEDS -Personal history with many social discrimination factors. -Imprisonment increases the factors of exclusion. -Educational, training and labour deficits. -Lower self-esteem. -Psychological dependence on the male figure. Very frequently subject to abuses and ill-treatment. -Lack of competition. -Early exposure to criminal models. -Break-up of maturing and social process.
    14. 14. 3.2. ATTENTION TO FAMILIAR NEEDS Guilt, distress and uncertainty towards family responsibilities. Fear of the possibility of irreversible consequences on their family networks. More painful imprisonment: personal problems invading their existence. Deterioration of family ties due to distance. Single-parent families. High number of gypsy and foreign women.
    15. 15. “Intervention Programme for Women Victims of Gender Violence” “Intervention Programme for Women Victims of Gender Violence” 4. PLANS TO FACILITATE THE ERADICATION OF GENDER VIOLENCE AND TO DECREASE ITS CONSEQUENCES Being a Woman 1. Reducing imprisoned females vulnerability, generally, towards suffering situations of violence and/ or dependence. 2. Specific programs for women who have suffered gender violence: 3. Intervention programs for persons who have been sentenced for crimes related to domestic violence (usually men).
    16. 16. General actions to promote an open environment for women inmates. Mechanisms of positive discrimination. General actions to promote an open environment for women inmates. Mechanisms of positive discrimination. Proposals for legal changes to deepen in gender equality and reduce the family cost and the greater suffering of women in prison. 2. Modification of the Penal Code: decreasing penalties for crimes against public health. 3. Improvement of legal mechanisms to replace the sentences by expulsions. 1. Encouraging the debate to decrease the penalties for drug dealing, when it is carried out for economic survival reasons and by persons who assume a secondary role in the criminal organization.
    17. 17. General actions to promote an open environment for women inmates. Mechanisms of positive discrimination. General actions to promote an open environment for women inmates. Mechanisms of positive discrimination. Life Regime % Male % Female Closed 2 2 Ordinary 81.1 68.7 Open 16.9 29.3 Life Regime % Male % Female Closed 2 1.60 Ordinary 80.94 66.4 Open 17.06 32 Proposals for legal changes to deepen in gender equality, to reduce the family cost and the greater suffering of women in prison. Promoting Open Life Regimes February 2008 August 2010 August 2010 (Total population of Spanish General State Administration): 5.219 Female (8.02%) 59.879 Male (91.98%) 4. Promoting different legal changes in order to attenuate, suspend or replace prison sentences: pregnant women, women in charge of not-emancipated children and elderly and/ or dependent persons.
    18. 18. Adapting architectural structures and residencial equipments to women Adapting architectural structures and residencial equipments to women • Versatility • Interconnection • Specific equipments Plan to adapt architectural structures to women: the places where they will reside or where they will be destined must facilitate internal classification’s criteria. Two departments: maximum capacity 64 women Two departments: maximum capacity 84 women Total: capacity for 296 women
    19. 19. Organization modifications to promote changes for a better internal classification. Organization modifications to promote changes for a better internal classification. Respect Departments in Women Departments Stimulating in centers and women’s departments the setting up of specific programs (drug-free, respect, etc.) and the attention towards different profiles of population.
    20. 20. Mediation Project between Women Inmates in Penitentiary Institutions and their Families. Mediation Project between Women Inmates in Penitentiary Institutions and their Families. Actions to stregthen and/ or to restore their family environment.
    21. 21. Implementation of the new Mothers External Units and review of ongoing projects Implementation of the new Mothers External Units and review of ongoing projects Emphasis on the development of motherhood in prison Palma of Mallorca Sevilla Madrid Alicante Tenerife León
    22. 22. “Gender Indicators in the Penitentiary System” related to the Gender Indicator System of the Ministry of Equality. “Gender Indicators in the Penitentiary System” related to the Gender Indicator System of the Ministry of Equality. Objective Models to evaluate the quality’s standards of imprisoned women lives in Spain. Indicator System of Discrimination in Prisons. Gender Indicator State System
    23. 23. www.institucionpenitenciaria.es (Fondo documental) For more information you can visit this website: THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

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