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It Tahes All                   0",    Us                                                               The largest source ...
Apply CPR"                                               decomposed granite. Creating an irregular ground b Your LandscaDe...
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Ocean Friendly Gardens: A Guide to Gardening for Cleaner Waves and Coasts - Surfrider


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Ocean Friendly Gardens: A Guide to Gardening for Cleaner Waves and Coasts - Surfrider

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Ocean Friendly Gardens: A Guide to Gardening for Cleaner Waves and Coasts - Surfrider

  1. 1. It Tahes All 0", Us The largest source of water pollution cannot be tracedWATER WISELY· From 30 to 70 percent of yourhouseholds water is used outdoors. Water early in the to anyone point - its all of us. Pollutants "runoff" ourmorning to reduce evaporation. Use sprinklers less on streets, neighborhoods and landscapes. Fortunately,overcast days and never when it rains. reducing our impact is easy to do.GET SMART: Install a "smart timer" on your sprin­ Whenever water leaves a property it has the abilitykler system. These timers can dramatically reduce to take pollutants with it. Fertilizers, pesticides and oilwater use based on weather and soil moisture. Checkwith your water supplier for possible rebates. are easily picked up by the power of water. While this runoff is greatest during rain storms, urban runoffGO NATIVE: Use native or climate-adapted plantsand grasses - and adjust your watering to take advan­ occurs all year round as a result of improper irrigation,tage of the less-thirsty plants. washing cars, and hosing down driveways.LITTLE AT A TIME: You dont have to replace your en­ Runoff from residential landscapes affects thetire lawn, just areas not regularly used. Santa Barbara quality of our oceans and the quality of our lives. Thedaisy and thyme are just a two of the substitutes for grass. sediment in water reduces clarity; nutrients increaseSWEEP IT: Instead of blowing or hosing leaves and algae populations and red tides; bacteria closeclippings, sweeping is better for the ocean. Dont for­ beaches; debris can choke and suffocate aquaticget to get the gutters in front of your house. species; and pesticides picked up off a landscape canECO PEST CONTROL: Instead of pesticides and her­ poison fish consumed by humans - all of whichbicides, ask your nursery about plants that attractbeneficial insects and non-toxic home remedies to degrade the natural beauty, and our enjoyment, ofrid the garden of existing problems. the ocean.HEAP IT ON: Put a layer of mulch around trees and The good news is that you can help bring backplants. Chunks of bark, peat moss or gravel slow evap­ healthy coasts and oceans though CPR<1J - Conser­oration. vation, Permeability and Retention. It is a way for allFILL IT IN: Rills and gUllies are signs of fast-moving of us to design and maintain our gardens so that wewater and erosion. Fill in these crevices with rock and can reduce urban runoff - and the pollutants that gothen identify the sources of water to stop or slow the flow. with it. E CRE-TIVE: A garden responds to energy andcreativity - like surfing, the more fun you have, thebetter your time and results will be. CPRc breathes lieTo learn more, visit: into the coast.
  2. 2. Apply CPR" decomposed granite. Creating an irregular ground b Your LandscaDe surface will also improve permeability by puttingCPR© is a method of gardening that protects coastal obstacles in waters path.waters. It is a technique that not only reduces resi­dential runoff, but also helps purify the water thatdoes leave. CPR<l> revolves around Conservation, For either infiltration or use, retention involvesPermeability and Retention. strategies that help landscapes collect water. Bio­ retention basins and infiltration trenches are com­ , , monly constructed devices for rainwater collectionConserving the use of water, fertilizers and pesti­ and eventual infiltration. A rooftop, rainwater collec­cides can reduce and improve runoff. Using less tion system, designed to capture and store water, iswater creates a drier landscape, allowing it to hold another example of retention.more rainwater. Applying fewer fertilizers and pesti­cides, and/or using non-toxic alternatives, improves PI othe condition of the water that does run off a land­ brear:nes lire tlscape. Restricting grass to the living areas, planting the coastwith a diverse range of plants, and selecting plantsadapted to the climate are all conservation-orien­tated design strategies.A landscapes ability to slow and hold water is relat­ed to the amount of permeability. Any increase in theamount of permeable surfaces, however small it mayseem, will reduce the amount of runoff. Permeabilityis increased by changing surface materials, such asSUbstituting concrete areas with brick, stone, or