The performance of computing has improved by around 1012 times in the past 70 years. This tremendous growth has followed Moore’s Law, which brings higher performance and lower power at the same time and enables ICT to achieve higher power efficiency with every new generation of technology. Fujitsu has made significant contributions in ICT on a global scale during this period. However, due to physical and economic limits, we cannot expect to continue this trend in the next decade. We must develop new technology to overcome this difficulty and establish a new paradigm beyond Moore’s Law. In this session, we highlight the latest challenges Fujitsu R&D faces for increasing performance through computer architecture and device innovations.