Location Of Cyprus 2
• Cyprus is located in the Middle East, Asia.
• It is an island in the Mediterranean.
• South of Turkey. West of Syria and Lebanon. Israel to the
southeast, Egypt to the south, and Greece to the west-
75 kms South of Turkey
105 kms West of Syria
380 kms North of Egypt
800 kms from the Greek Mainland.
A Short History
• 330 BC to AD 58 - Hellenistic Rule
• AD 58 to 395 - Romans Rule
• 395 to 647 - Byzantine Rule
• 647 to 965 - Arab Influence
• 1192 to 1571 - Venetians Influence
• 1571 - Turkish Rule
• 1878 - Turks Cede Cyprus to Britich Colonial Rule
• 1914 -British annexation of island – When Turkey sided with
Germany During WW1
• 1925 - Formally declared British Crown Colony – Turkey
Formally renounced all Controls
• 1960 - First President of Independent Cyprus
• 1983 - Turks proclaim Turkish Republic of Cyprus
• 2004 - Cyprus Become part of EU 4
Geo – Demo Characteristics
• Area: 9,251 km2 – 3rd Largest Mediterranean
Island(1.Sicily , 2.Sardinia)
• Official Languages: Greek , Turkish , English
• Capital : Nicosia ( GR: Lefkosia, TR Lefkoşa
• Currency: Euro , TL , Pound(£)
• Religion(s) : Greek Cypriots are Greek
Orthodox, Turkish Cypriots are Muslim, also small
groups of Jews, Baha’i, Protestant,
• The population of Cyprus ( in July 2009) is
• The population is mostly Greek(78%), followed
by Turkish (18%), and lastly, other (5%). 6
Brief History Of Turks on Cyprus
• In 1570, a full scale
conquest under Piyale
Pasha with 60,000 troops
brought the island
under Ottoman Control.
• The island remained under
Ottoman rule for the next
Brief History Of Greeks on Cyprus
• The ancient Greeks
• Cyprus changed
hands several times
after Greeks but
they came back to
Cyprus after the
Ottoman Empire .
Brief History Of Great Britain on
In 1878, the Ottoman Empire
ceded Cyprus to Great Britain
so that Russian ambitions in
the Mediterranean could be
checked. During World War
one, Cyprus was formally
annexed by Great Britain as a
result of the Ottoman Empire's
decision to become an ally of
n 1923, British rule over
Cyprus was formalized by the
Treaty of Lausanne while
Turkey formally renounced all
claims to Cyprus.
What are the Reasons of conflict?
• Autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of Cyprus expressed
their desire for quot;enosisquot; between Cyprus and Greece.
• The movement for quot;enosisquot; ceased until the 1950's as a
result of British hostility and repression.
• Many Turkish Cypriots were killing from the Greeks day by
• In 1964, a United Nations peace force was sent to the island
and secured a cease-fire. The truce was occasionally broken
by clashes between the two sides.
• Turkey made a Peace operation(Barış Harekatı) On 20 july
1974 to protect the Turkish cypriots from the Greek Cypriots.
Effects on Turks
•Turkish Cypriots were protect From the Greek Cypriots , their
Crime ana their Hellenistic ideas.
•Creation of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.Leader:Rauf
1964: Don McCullin was covering
the conflict in Cyprus for The
Observer newspaper when he
took this picture of a Turkish
woman who has discovered her
Effects on Greeks
• Some Greek people
were Lost in the war.
• Greek Cypriots were
stop the ‘enosis’
which is integration
with Greece and
establish a Hellen
Effects for Each Side
• The last divided capital city in the world is Nicosia, Cyprus.
• Armed soldiers line each side of a buffer zone, with Greeks living
on one side and Turks on the other.
• It became a very important issue For Turkey to Join EU in 15
years but south Cyprus joined EU.
• Many people lost their families , goods and homes…
Where are we now and Possible
• Today,both sides started to peace talks. If Both
sides make an equal agreement the peace will
come. If the island achieves unification, both
sides have much to gain. In addition to reducing
poverty in the north by way of its integration into
the EU, many Greek refugees who fled south in
1974 may finally have the opportunity to return
home. But Cyprus today might be closer to a
solution than ever before…
We seek peace, knowing that peace is the climate of freedom and Ease.