Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The Many Good Reasons for Open Educational Resources


Published on

Speech at the OER-HE stakeholder workshop 4 March 2011

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

The Many Good Reasons for Open Educational Resources

  1. 1. The Many Good Reasons for Open Educational Resources: Why Universities should adopt Open Policies<br />Frederik Truyen, OER-HE stakeholder workshop, March 2011<br />
  2. 2. Open Education<br /> the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge." <br />The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation <br />
  3. 3. OCW<br />"The Open Courseware concept is based on the philosophical view of knowledge as a collective social product and so it is also desirable to make it a social property." <br />V. S. Prasad, Vice-Chancellor - Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Open University, India<br />
  4. 4. OER Initiatives<br />open courseware and content;<br />open software tools (e.g. learning management systems);<br />open material for e-learning capacity building of faculty staff;<br />repositories of learning objects; and<br />free educationalcourses.<br />Hylén, J. (2005). Open educational resources: Opportunities and challenges. OECD-CERI.<br />see also: Downes, Stephen (2007). "Models for Sustainable Open Educational Resources" in: Interdisciplinary Journal of Knwoledge and Learning Objects, Vol. 3, p. 29-44. <br />
  5. 5. OER definition<br />"OER are teaching, learning, and researchresourcesthat reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge." <br />The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation<br />
  6. 6. OER definition OECD<br />"digitisedmaterials offered freely and openly for educators, students, and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning, and research. OER includes learning content, software tools to develop, use, and distribute content, and implementation resources such as open licences." <br />OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) and UNESCO<br />
  7. 7. Criticism<br />Beware of paternalistic agenda<br />Contents need to be interculturally adjusted<br />Economic model unclear<br />Static vision on knowledge and learning contents<br />!<br />
  8. 8. Knowledge economy<br />Learning economy<br />Bengt-Åke Lundvall<br />Creative economy<br />Charles Landry, John Howkins, Richard Florida<br />Open knowledge economy<br />Yochai Benkler<br />Peters, M. A. (2010). Three Forms of the Knowledge Economy: Learning, Creativity and Openness. British Journal of Educational Studies, 58(1), 67-88.<br />
  9. 9. Reframing Resources<br />Open EducationalResources go beyond Learning materialsand involve the stakeholder communitiesand key actors involved in the relevant knowledge domains<br />The ultimate Open EducationalResource is part of the socialnetworkthat warrants the supply chain, validates the knowledge claims, and makes it sustainableand fostersitsgrowth<br />
  10. 10. Course<br />as a defining feature<br />for the structure and purpose of OER, in providing: <br />a summary of a field<br />structure and an outline<br />references and links<br />teaching & learning activities<br />intensity, depth<br />assessment<br />authority<br />
  11. 11. Users<br />Products<br />Experts<br />Exploitation<br />Industry<br />Local Stakeholders<br />and<br />actors<br />Professionals<br />Publishers<br />Stakeholders<br />OER<br />Teaching Community<br />Journals<br />Books<br />ScientificCommunity<br />Organisations<br />Blogs & wiki's<br />Conferences<br />Exercises<br />Course notes<br />Archives<br />Assessment<br />Libraries<br />
  12. 12. Good reasons for OER<br />Widening Participation & LifeLong Learning<br />Internationalization<br />Profiling & Mainstreaming<br />Reaching out to stakeholders<br />Quality control / Cost control<br />Learning in the Digital Age <br />Interdisciplinary research<br />
  13. 13. Widening Participation<br />LifeLong Learning<br />Accessibility<br />Reaching out to professional communities<br />
  14. 14. Internationalization<br />Enhanced visibility and findability<br />Possibility to engage students at a distance<br />International collaboration and sharing of workload<br />
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Profiling<br />For the institution<br />For the individual teacher<br />
  18. 18. Mainstreaming<br />In a regional context<br />feeding the web<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Stakeholder communities<br />Regional expertise networks and knowledge anchor points<br />Fostering participation<br />
  21. 21.
  22. 22. Quality Control<br />Public scrutiny<br />Originality<br />Benchmarking<br />
  23. 23.
  24. 24. Cost control<br />Re-use economics<br />Filling the gaps<br />Reducing authoring cost<br />
  25. 25.
  26. 26. Learning in the Digital Age<br />Personal Learning Environment<br />Flexible learning<br />Remediation of knowledge gaps<br />Community translations<br />
  27. 27. Interdisciplinary Research<br />Increased exposure of insights to other domains<br />Sharing of concepts and methods<br />Tracking trends<br />
  28. 28. The role of the university<br />A Regional duty with an international scope<br />Relevant, well-structured reference materials for the broader community<br />Embedded in an international framework<br />
  29. 29. Partners OER-HE<br />
  30. 30. Thank you!<br />