Put the Scottish and the Welsh in one group called the Celtics and looking at their rise of Nationalism. From 1707- Scotland has been in the union (different systems but under one king) Wales- from the 1300- domination- treaty in 1536.
The Agreement was endorsed through a referendum held on 22 May 1998 and subsequently given legal force through the Northern Ireland Act 1998. It led to the creation of a series of interrelated bodies, in particular the Northern Ireland Assembly, which has full legislative and executive authority for all matters that are the responsibility of the Northern Ireland Government Departments and are known as transferred matters. Excepted matters remain the responsibility of the Westminster Parliament. Reserved matters are also dealt with by Westminster unless it is decided by the Secretary of State that some of these should be devolved to the Assembly. Excepted and reserved matters are defined in the Schedules to the NI Act.
The Englis English proposals panned The North East referendum dealt a blow to English regional devolution After devolution elsewhere, ministers proposed directly elected regional government in England for areas where it was supported in referendums. With one tier of local government abolished, the new assemblies would have powers and funding similar to that of the Greater London Authority. But the first referendum, in the North East in November 2004, delivered a resounding "no" to the idea. Similar votes in Yorkshire and the Humber and the North West were then shelved. The question: Scottish can vote on English matters in Westminster, but English cannot rule on Scottish matters in Edinburgh.
The Disunited KingdomEnglish social studies May 2013Examination preparations
Task 3Long answerChoose one of the alternatives a), b), c) or d).3aThe British Prime Minister David Cameron hasreferred to the different parts of the UnitedKingdom as “countries within a country”. In recentyears these “countries” have been moving towardsgreater independence in a process calleddevolution.Using the quotations in the box below as yourstarting point, write a text in which you discussdevolution in the UK and the effects it might have.
• "Task 3a": Du skal vise kompetansen din i ådrøfte korleis sentrale prosessar har påverkautviklinga av det britiske samfunnet, drøftepolitiske forhold og system i Storbritannia ogdrøfte eit aktuelt debattema i Storbritannia.
I en besvarelse på høyt nivå…• I en besvarelse på høyt nivå skriver eleven en tekstsom viser meget god kompetanse i å drøfte politiskeforhold og den historiske og økonomiske utviklingen iStorbritannia ved å ta utgangspunkt i de vedlagteved å ta utgangspunkt i de vedlagtesitatene.sitatene. Argumentasjonen underbygges av flererelevante momenter og eksemplerrelevante momenter og eksempler. Besvarelsen viserat eleven mestrer relevant terminologi og relevantebegreper har god struktur og et tydelig budskap.• Elevens tekst har god sammenheng, språket ibesvarelsen er nyansert og variert og viser at elevenkan skrive godt om samfunnsspørsmålskrive godt om samfunnsspørsmål.
Quotation 1What is this about?What is this about?Independence in essence is based on a simpleidea: people who care most about their countryare the people who live, work and bring up theirfamilies there. They should be the ones takingthe decisions about their nation’s future.http://www.heraldscotland.com/politics/political-ne(Adapted)
Quotation 2What is this about?What is this about?England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland arestronger together than they would ever be apart.Each country could govern itself. But they do it somuch better together in a United Kingdom.http://www.totalpolitics.com/speeches/devolved-politic(Adapted)
Devolution means:• The delegation or decentralisation of power.• It is the term employed to describe thetransfer of power in the UK downwards fromtransfer of power in the UK downwards fromcentral governmentcentral government (Westminster) toScotland, Wales, Northern Ireland andperhaps ultimately the English regions.(ref. Coxall:289)
The United Kingdom of Great Britainand Northern Ireland• 1927 – got the name “The United Kingdom ofGreat Britain and Northern Ireland” (for short UK)comprising;• England (the oldest) Wales (treaty 1536) Scotland(1707) and Northern Ireland (1801)• Ireland united with UK in 1801.– The major (southern and western)part of Ireland gotfull independence in 1922– 6 northern counties remain in union as NorthernIreland
Separatenationalidentitiesstill feel different from eachotherThe English - The Scots -The WelshRule Britannia – Thisversion is taken fromThe Works of JamesThomson Pub. 1763.1. When Britain first, atHeavens command Arosefrom out the azure main; Thiswas the charter of the land,And guardian angels sang thisstrain: "Rule, Britannia! rulethe waves: "Britons never willbe slaves.“2. The nations, not so blest asthee, Must, in their turns, totyrants fall; While thou shaltflourish great and free, Thedread and envy of them all."Rule, Britannia! rule thewaves: "Britons never will beslaves."
• 1960s/1970s: Rise ofScottish nationalismScottish nationalism• 1980s: Thatchergovernment unintentionallyspurred Scottishspurred Scottishnationalismnationalism by breaking theminer’s strike and thedismantling the coalindustry.The Rise of Celtic Nationalisms
New Labour• After Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013 andleader of Conservative Party (Tories). Firstfemale PM 1979–1990) Tony Blair came withTony Blair came withNew Labour in 1997New Labour in 1997. They focused ondevolution in their election campaign.
DevolutionThe New Labor came to power in 1997 withdevolution as one of its key policies•Devolution means the transferring of power fromcentral government to regional or local authorities•Following a referendum on the matter ofdevolution in 1997 Wales, Scotland and NorthernIreland now have their own national assembliesnow have their own national assemblies.Called: The Welsh Assembly (Llywodraeth Cymru),Scottish Parliament, and Northern Ireland Assembly
New Labour and Devolution:ReferendumsReferendums in Scotland & Wales 1997Devolution Scotland WalesYES 74.3% 50.3%NO 25.7% 49.7%TURNOUT 60.2% 50.1%
Northern Ireland – War & Peace• 1969-98: The Troubles• 1970s & 1980s: Failed political initiatives• 1994-96: IRA cease-fire• 1997: New Labour government: talks withSinn Fein• 1998: Good Friday Agreement• Today there is a new uproar with people whocall themselves “the real IRA”.
Good Friday Referendums 1998Agree toGFA?NorthernIrelandRepublic ofIrelandYES 71.1% 94.4%NO 28.9% 5.6%TURNOUT 81.1% 56.3%NB: Referendum in ROI included proposal to amend Irish Constitution
The English in devolutionIs being English anything differentfrom being British?• There is no EnglishParliament• The use of the flag withthe cross of St. GeorgeSupporters saydemocracy isdemocracy isimprovedimproved bydevolution as peoplegain more control oftheir own affairs, butcritics say it is costlycritics say it is costlyand divisive.and divisive.
The aftermaths of devolution• The 2003 election results in Scotland and Waleswere marked by the sense that devolution indevolution inpractice has so far made little differencepractice has so far made little difference.• Devolution has led to substantial policyinnovation in Scotland, Wales and NorthernIreland and opened up real alternatives toopened up real alternatives topolicies decided at Westminsterpolicies decided at Westminster• The government of England and the Englishregions has become more complexbecome more complex sincedevolution to Scotland, Wales and NorthernIreland.
Take Down The Union Jackby Billy BraggTake down the Union JackIt clashes with the sunsetAnd put it in the attic with the emperorsold clothesWhen did it fall apart?Sometime in the eightiesWhen the great and the good gave wayTo the greedy and the meanBritain isnt cool, you knowIts really not that greatIts not a proper countryIt doesnt even have a patron saintIts just an economic unionThats past its sell-by dateTake down the Union JackIt clashes with the sunsetAnd ask our Scottish neighborsIf independence looks any goodCause they just might understandHow to take an abstract notion of personal identityAnd turn it into nationhoodIs this the 19th CenturyThat Im watching on TVThe dear old queen of EnglandHanding out those MBEsMember of the British EmpireThat doesnt sound too good to meGilbert and George are taking the piss arent theyGilbert and George are taking the pissWhat could be more British than is a picture of me bumGilbert and George are taking the pissTake down the Union JackIt clashes with the sunsetAnd pile up all those history books but dont throw themawayThey just might have some clues about what it reallymeansTo be an Anglo hyphen Saxon in England dot Co dot you-KTo be an Anglo hyphen Saxon in England dot Co dot you-K
No longer… GREAT Britain?• Polls show an increasing number of Britons nolonger feel “British”• What unites the British today?– The Commonwealth (Empire)– Religion?– Common enemies?– The Royal Family?– Other things?
Breaking up is hard to do…• UKs position in the Security Council at theUnited Nations• British armed forces• Monarchyhttp://www.guardian.co.uk/Devolution/