Endangered Species• There are a whole range of endangered species but today we are only going to look at a few of them.• We will also look at the ICUN Red List which lists the endangered species of the world.
• The ﬁrst species on my list of the most interesting and critically endangered animals is the ivory-billed woodpecker.• It lives or lived in the Southeastern part of the US as well as Cuba.• This huge woodpecker was considered extinct until 2004. Which was incredibly amazing as they had gone rowing and weren’t even looking for it.• For info go to www.allaboutwildlife.com
CoelacanthsPicture of the coelacanth swimming (pronounced SEEL-uh-kanth)
• Type: Fish• Diet: Carnivore• Average life span in the wild: Up to 60 years• Size: 6.5 ft (2 m)• Weight: 198 lbs (90 kg)• Protection status: Endangered
• A weird and wonderful, but thought to be extinct 65 million years ago ﬁsh until it was rediscovered in 1938 and is now endangered believed that only around 1000 remain in the deep sea.• Coelacanths are elusive, deep-sea creatures, living in depths up to 2,300 feet (700 meters) below the surface.
• Did you know?• A coelacanths minuscule brain occupies only 1.5 percent of its cranial cavity; the rest is ﬁlled with fat.
• Type: Mammal• Diet: Herbivore• Average life span in the wild: Up to 12 years• Size: Up to 9.2 ft (2.8 m)• Weight: 790 to 1,200 lb (360 to 540 kg)• Protection status: Endangered
• amazonian manatees latin name is Trichechus Inunguis.• Manatees inhabit the shallow, marshy coastal areas and rivers of the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico• On average, manatees swim at about 5 to 8 kilometers per hour.
• Manatees are very good at memorising things.• The freshwater Amazonian manatee inhabits the Amazon River and its tributaries, and never ventures into salt water.• The main causes of death for the sea cows are human-related issues, such as habitat destruction.
• Did You Know?• Amazonian Manatees have been known to swim at up to 30 kilometers per hour (19 mph) in short bursts.
Mexican Walking Fish Mexican Axolotl (pronounced ACK-suh-LAH-tuhl)
• Type: Amphibian• Diet: Carnivore• Average life span in the wild: 10 to 15 years• Size: Up to 12 in (30 cm)• Weight: 2.11 to 8 oz (60 to 227 g)• Protection status: Endangered
• The Mexican walking ﬁsh is on the verge of extinction. It’s a caecilian, and it lives in – where else? – the waters of Mexico.• Accustomed to being a top predator in its habitat, this species has begun to suffer from the introduction of large ﬁsh into its lake habitat.• axolotl do have teeth but you can’t see them - a bit like toothless from how to train your dragon.
• Did you know?• Because they have the ability to regenerate lost body parts, axolotls are probably one of the most scientiﬁcally studied salamanders in the world.
• Type: Marsupial• Diet: Herbivore• Average life span in the wild: 10 to 12 years• Size: Up to 40 in (102 cm)• Weight: 40 to 88 lb (18 to 40 kg)• Protection status: Critically Endangered
• Though it looks similar to the standard wombat, the hairy nosed wombat possesses some unique features.• Among the rarest mammals in the world.• It has a backwards-opening pouch• It is the largest burrowing herbivorous mammal known to humans.
• Did You Know?• The hairy nosed wombat’s teeth continue to grow throughout its life. Now they must have very very VERY long teeth!
ICUN Red List• The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the worlds main authority on the conservation status of species.• It was founded in 1963• The Red List is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.
• Of the 44,838 species assessed worldwide using the IUCN Red List criteria, 905 are extinct and 16,928 are listed as threatened to be extinct. Millions of species still need to be assessed to know their status.