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Wireless Sensors: A Device and Material Perspective


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Frost & Sullivan analysis of Wireless sensors from a device and material perspective

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Wireless Sensors: A Device and Material Perspective

  1. 1. Wireless Sensors: A Device and Material Perspective Kenneth Chua – Research Analyst Technical Insights Group Innovation and Enterprise Week (IEW) A*STAR, Singapore September 28, 2010
  2. 2. Frost & Sullivan’s Industry Coverage 1. Aerospace & Defense 2. Automotive & Transportation 3. Chemicals, Materials & Food 4. Electronics & Security 5. Energy & Power Systems 6. Environmental & Building Technologies 7. Healthcare 8. Industrial Automation & Process Control 9. Information & Communications Technologies 10. Measurement & Instrumentation 2
  3. 3. Contents 1 Introduction and Technology Overview 2 Growth Drivers and Restraints 3 End-User Segments 4 Emerging Technology Trends 5 Industry Revenue and Growth 6 Conclusion 3
  4. 4. Introduction and Technology Overview Wireless Sensors For most of the decade, Wireless Sensors has been said to be the “Next Big Thing”. Explosive growth however, has not been as Economic Enabling previously expected. Technologies Environment We have seen in the past 3-4 years, a greater acceptance has been seen. Inherent We will discuss on the growth Technological patterns linked to Wireless Sensors, technologies fueling its Advantages current growth, and key areas developments are expected to take place in. Source: Frost & Sullivan 4
  5. 5. Growth Drivers and Restraints (2010-2015) Active Promotion Ease of Sharp Decline Reduction in By Suppliers Installation In Prices Installation Cost Drive For Energy Conservation Drivers Drivers Restraints Restraints Safety Deployable Regulations Size Competition With Security And Reliability Battery Life & Wired Sensor (Meeting Standards) Replacement Cost Denotes Current Impact Denotes Long term Impact Source: Frost & Sullivan. 5
  6. 6. End-User Segments Overview Some major end-user segments will be able to benefit from deployment of wireless sensors Defense & Security Agriculture Transportation End-User Energy Segments for Oil & Gas Wireless Sensors Medical & Healthcare Industrial Building Automation 6
  7. 7. End-User Segments Total Sensor Market – Percent of Revenue by End-User Breakdown of revenue in the sensor market (2008). Highlights indicate strategic end-user segments able to benefit from application of wireless sensors. Global Sensor Market (2008) – Percent of Revenue by End-User Segment Source: Frost & Sullivan. 7
  8. 8. End-User Segments End-User Application (1/2) Industrial Building Automation • Gas & liquid sensing • HVAC • Automated Process • Light sensors control • Occupancy sensing • Control tank monitoring • Daylight harvesting • Condition-based • Carbon dioxide sensing maintanance • Preventive care • Waste monitoring • Structural sensing • Safety Agriculture & Food Transportation • Container tracker • Asset management • Security sensors • Soil monitoring • Smoke detectors • Moisture sensing • Temperature and gas • Food storage monitoring humidity • Automotive application 8
  9. 9. End-User Segments End-User Application (2/2) Defense & Security Energy • Mine detection • Ground-mapping chemical • Consumption monitoring detection • Battery condition • Biological monitoring monitoring • Container monitoring • Smart Grid application • Asset management • Self-powered sensors – • Personnel vital activity Energy harvesting sensing • Surveillence Medical & Healthcare Oil & Gas • Real-time health monitoring • Pipeline condition • Non-invasive monitoring monitoring • Patient monitoring in • Petroleum processing hospitals 9
  10. 10. Emerging Technology Trends Life Cycle Analysis for Major Sensor Technologies Technology Status Market Value MEMS • Carbon-based Nanosensors: Between growing Still in development stage. Expected commercial impact and matured stage to occur no sooner than 6 years • WSN: Still an emerging Carbon technology. Making inroads to NanoSensors commercial applications Still in development stage • MEMS: Technology has seen Wireless Sensor widespread commercial Networks (WSN) applications, but is still Growing stage, expected to grow Commercially proven Time Development Growth Maturity Decline Source: Frost & Sullivan. 10
  11. 11. Emerging Technology Trends Key Development Areas MEMS Based Sensors Nano-Scale Sensors Key Development Areas Energy Harvesting Capabilities Communication Standards 11
  12. 12. Emerging Technology Trends MEMS Based Sensors – Lifecycle Analysis MEMS components are being increasingly integrated with IC either monolithically or through hybrid integration to provide increased functionality Examples of MEMS devices Pressure Sensors Market Penetration Microfluidic (Lab on Chip) devices Accelerometers Pressure Sensors Inertial Sensors (accelerometers, gyroscopes) Infrared Sensors Microfluidic devices IR Sensors ( e.g. MEMS thermopiles, MEMS uncooled microbolometers) Chemical/Gas Sensors Chemical Sensors, Time Gyroscopes Development Growth Maturity Decline Source: Frost & Sullivan. 12
  13. 13. Emerging Technology Trends MEMS Based Sensors – Technology Advantages Mass Small Size Production Possibilities Low Power Strong Consumption Functionality Technological Drivers for MEMS Leverage on Integration Semiconductor With Other Manufacturing Microelectronics Capabilities MEMS 13
  14. 14. Emerging Technology Trends Nano-Scale Sensors Benefits: • High sensitivity Nanotubes • More efficient sensors Nanobelts • Higher degree of miniaturization • Potential enable for device integration, intelligent devices Quantum Dots Nanowires • Possible enabler for medical and industrial applications requiring higher sensitivity 14
  15. 15. Emerging Technology Trends Energy Harvesting Capabilities - Concept • Generator • Processing Unit - Piezoelectric - Rectifier/ Converter - Thermoelectric - Electromagnetic - Electrostatic Energy Harvesting Device/ • Environmental Module • Storage Energy - Batteries - Solar - Supercapacitors - Thermal - Vibration - Biological energy 15
  16. 16. Emerging Technology Trends Energy Harvesting Capabilities - Application Industrial/Commercial: Homeland Security/Defense: CBM, sensors, WSNs, buoys, battery recharging chemical/biological sensors, cargo security Aerospace: Health and usage monitoring systems (HUMS) Consumer Electronics: PDAs, mobile phones, Automotive: mp3 players Energy Tire pressure monitoring Harvesting systems (TPMS), monitoring wheel bearings Building Automation: SHM, HVAC Communications: Medical: RF, sensor networks Implantable devices (pacemakers), health monitoring devices Integration: (heart rate, body temperature) Integration of devices, MPU, Sensors, and/or transmitters. Replaces the needs for battery in sensors. 16
  17. 17. Emerging Technology Trends Communication Standards ISA100 802.15.4 • Capability of scaling to large number of • Open standard, basis of some other sensors standards such as WirelessHART, • Has seen deployments in environmental Zigbee and industrial applications ZigBee IEEE 1451.7 - 2010 • Based on 802.15.4 • Smart transducer interface standard for • Targetted over wide range of products, sensors and actuators shows great promise in building and automation 17
  18. 18. Industry Revenue and Growth 18
  19. 19. Industry Revenue and Growth Revenue Potential to hit $5.8 Bil in 2015 48% CAGR (2009-2012) 34% CAGR (2003-2009) CAGR >50% for some sensor types Growth (Flow, Position, Gas, and Security) Sensor types expecting >50% growth are in applications favoring deployment of wireless systems 19
  20. 20. Conclusion 1. Advances in technology enabled low consumption devices Technology 2. Fabrication capabilities allowing developments in MEMS Enabled 3. Developments in communication standards Potential Fundamentally, the technology favors application which are remote, Markets distanced apart, in harsh conditions and/or non-stationary 1. Carbon based nano sensors are very promising, but is not expected Emerging to be featured in the next 5-7 years Technologies 2. MEMS based sensors will assume high growth and developments Examples of Recent Bridges in Connecticut monitored by wireless sensors (2008) Deployments 1. Industrial, Oil & Gas would look more towards ISA100 Communication 2. ZigBee Alliance, ISA100, WirelessHEART. Effort in place to allow Standards interoperability 20
  21. 21. Q&A Kenneth Chua Research Analyst Technical Insights Asia Pacific (+603) 6207 1047 Eric Kong Strategic Account Manager Technical Insights Asia Pacific (+65) 6890 0958 21