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DEMANDSUPPLY
Global LNG demand is expected to grow
by 39% (12 Bcf/d) faster than supply
at 27%(8.5 Bcf/d) in the next 5 ye...
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[INFOGRAPHIC] LNG Expected to Increase Presence in Rail and Marine Transportation Significantly

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[INFOGRAPHIC] LNG Expected to Increase Presence in Rail and Marine Transportation Significantly

  1. 1. DEMANDSUPPLY Global LNG demand is expected to grow by 39% (12 Bcf/d) faster than supply at 27%(8.5 Bcf/d) in the next 5 years 39% IF THE PILOT TESTS PROVE LNG ENGINES RELIABLE, RAILROADS AND MARINE OPERATORS GAIN THE ADVANTAGE OF USING A CLEANER, GREENER, AND CHEAPER FUEL Combined with EGR and waste heat recovery, LNG easily meets Tier 3 and 4 emission norms LNG DIESEL -40% LNG EXPECTED TO INCREASE PRESENCE IN RAIL AND MARINE SIGNIFICANTLY: LNG emission reductions: • NOX up to 40% • PM up to 70% • CO2 up to 20% Of US natural gas supply will come from shale gas by 203546% 0 20 40 60 80 100 USA has 4th largest technically RECOVERABLE SHALE GAS RESOURCES - over 661 TCF 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 China Brazil Russia South Africa Australia Mexico Canada USA Algeria Argentina • 2.9% penetration in the global marine market 0 1 2 3 4 5 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Rail Marine By 2020, LNG engines to have : • 4.3% penetration in the US rail market 4th • High Pressure Direct Injection System (pressures as high as 30 Mpa) • Dual fuel with diesel in case of rail and diesel / heavy fuel oil for marine • Diesel is used for pilot flame • Double walled stainless steel tanker / tender to hold LNG at -260 ˚F • Conversion of liquid to gas through heat exchanger • Challenges remain in addressing engine size, injection systems and materials Enabling LNG in rail and marine engines involve: For more information contact Jeannette Garcia, Corporate Communications | jeannette.garcia@frost.com

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