GoOpen 2010: Stian Danenbarger

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GoOpen 2010: Stian Danenbarger

  1. 1. Fra Open Data til Linked Open Data Stian Danenbarger <@stidan>style C lick to edit M aster subtitle Bouvet ASA <stian@bouvet.no>
  2. 2. • 30 dager... • 47 nye anvendbare tjenester... • Totalkostnad USD 50k (20k i premier) • Estimert ROI på 4000 % (!)
  3. 3. W. David Stephenson • ”Democratizing Data” (O’Reilly Media, under arbeid) • “The potential benefits of democratizing data are many, and varied: – more informed policy debate, grounded in fact, rather than rhetoric – consensus building – better legislation – greater transparency and less corruption: greater accountability – optimizing program efficiency and reducing costs
  4. 4. “A hierarchy of database journalism” Level 5: Data experiences and storytelling Level 4: Data visualization Level of ambition Level 3: Data exploration Level 2: Data search Level 1: Data delivery "If we can find enough of these things that intersect with the lives of our readers, I think we will be all right.“ − Dennis Ryerson, Editor, “the Indianapolis Star” Basert på Rich Gordon: “Data as journalism, journalism as data” (2007)
  5. 5. COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT, Brussels, 7.5.2009 on the re-use of Public Sector Information – Review of Directive 2003/98/EC –
  6. 6. C lick to edit M aster subtitle style
  7. 7. C lick to edit M aster subtitle style
  8. 8. C lick to edit M aster subtitle style
  9. 9. Offentlige Norge: ”Tjenestetrappa”
  10. 10. Hvordan blir handlingsplanene fulgt opp? De årlige tildelingsbrevene fra det enkelte fagdepartement til underliggende etater definerer hvilke oppgaver etatene skal utføre gjennom det kommende året. Disse har lite eller ingen fokus på samhandling med andre etater. ⇒ “Siloene” går hele veien fra departement og ned til operativ etat. Regjeringens samhandlingsstrategier blir ikke fulgt opp av departementene !! Semicolo
  11. 11. ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/ist/docs/ict-ent-net/isg-report-4-0-erratum_en.pdf
  12. 12. “So far, the deployment of EI has been based strongly on a combination of the following two objectives: • Objective 1: Supporting a “big bang” transition to a more efficient, enterprise-wide “best way” of working. This seeks to make sure that the enterprise remains competitive under changing market conditions. This new best way of working is defined by a relatively small group of dedicated expert analysts (industrial engineers, business engineers, information analysts etc.) and implemented and maintained top-down. • Objective 2: Once the major change related to Objective 1 is completed and the new way of working has become business as usual, exploiting the predicted gains in efficiency as much and as long as possible in order to secure a proper return on the investment made during the initial big bang change process.”
  13. 13. • Objective 3: EI should stimulate value creation based on innovation and co-creation in a context of networked enterprises that is very much defined bottom-up, by creative, committed workers. According to this perspective, EI helps “reflective practitioners” to manage their work, their responsibilities, the key knowledge they possess, and their relations to the work and knowledge of others (inside and outside their own enterprise). Unlike the traditional approach, this support is not driven top-down and purely enterprise centric, but allows a much more individual and subjective approach that leverages personal creativity and initiative. While traditionally individuals were supposed to adjust to “the system”, now the situation is reversed: the system is much more about supporting the individuals.”
  14. 14. • “If we let the computer do the job and stop worrying about the operations executed inside the black box, this may imply an ever-greater decrease in our knowledge and “Transparent computer systems - transparent government“, D. W. Schartum (1995)
  15. 15. Skiftende paradigmer? Desentralisert og emergent Fokus: Prosesserbar informasjon Data: Delte identifikatorer (URI), selvbeskrivende hypermedia-formater over HTTP Komponent-basert Fokus: Tjenester Data: XML, åpne skjema, namespaces Objekt-orientert Fokus: Struktur Data: Databaser med proprietære skjema, tekst Prosedyre-orientert Fokus: Syntaks Data: Internt i applikasjoner 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005 2015
  16. 16. Tom Coates, Yahoo: ”The web as it was”…
  17. 17. Tom Coates, Yahoo: ”Web of the future?”
  18. 18. Samhandling krever delte definisjoner – og delte identifikatorer for disse • Gjelder ikke bare entiteter – også relasjoner og føringer • Eksempel: – Skole, skoleeier – og relasjonene mellom – Fag, eksamen, skole – og relasjonene mellom Når flere løsninger skal spille sammen, må identifikatorene løftes ut av de lokale s ys temene
  19. 19. Utdanningsdirektoratets Grep: Delt datamodell med forskriftsstatus for grunnutdanningen Definisjoner Oppdateringer Formidling/annotering Resultater S pørring/abonnement
  20. 20. Visjonen er der, byggeklossene også… Direktoratet Skoler og lærere Leverandører av læringsressurser Elever • Veilede • Tilrettelegge • S kape muligheter L ok a le læ re pl a ne r R e s s u rs e R e s s urs er M a te ria le K o m p e ta n s e r fu nn et M a te ria le mål fra fra fun ne t priv a te elle r S k o le n e tt la g et a v ell er H o ve do m et a k tø re r la g e t a v rå d læ re re er ele ve r Fa g
  21. 21. Atom/RSS (inkl. podcasts) SMS/MMS IM/XMPP ”Abonnere Epost Kalendersynk. på et søk!” … • Registrering • “Discovery” • Notifikasjon • “Trust metrics” • Indeksering • Filtrering • Aggregering • Abonnement • Dele • Finne • Tilgjengeliggjøre Indeks • Sammenstille PRODUSENT MEDIATOR KONSUMENT
  22. 22. • “[…] regardless of what may be regarded as a true service- orientation, we should avoid employing computerized systems in a way that reduces the “Transparent computer systems - transparent government“, D. W. Schartum (1995)

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