Teaching tips...


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Teaching tips...

  2. 2. Motto“Learning is finding out what you alreadyknow. Doing is demonstrating that you knowit. Teaching is reminding others that theyknow just as well as you. We are all learners,doers and teachers.”
  3. 3. Teaching Tips on…• How to teach grammar?• How to provide correction?• How to enhance students’ motivation?• How to deal with behavioural problems?
  4. 4. “How to teach grammar?” “In context!”The context unifies the three aspects of grammar:1. Form: each tense has a particular structure John had eaten before Mary got home.2. Meaning: each tense communicates an idea Two things happened: John ate first, Mary got home second3. Use: each tense has a purpose The Past Perfect clarifies chronological order Context synthesizes form, use and meaning!
  5. 5. A General Model for Introducing New Language1. Lead-in : the context is introduced and the meaning anduse of the new language are demonstrated2. Elicitation: T tries to see if the Ss can produce the newlanguage and, depending on how well they can do this,decides which of the stages to go next:- The explanation stage (if the Ss cannot produce the newlanguage at all)- The accurate reproduction stage (if the Ss can producethe new language but with minor mistakes)- The immediate creativity stage (if the Ss know the newlanguage but need a bit more controlled practice)(J.Harmer- “The Practice of English Language Teaching”)
  6. 6. Teaching modals: a funny context Dilemma“I’m in love with two girls: one is very beautiful but has nomoney, the other is ugly and has lots of money. Who shouldI marry?”“Well, I am sure that you must really love the beautiful one,so I think you should marry her.”“OK, thank you very much for your advice.”“Don’t mention it. By the way, can you give me thetelephone number of the other girl?”
  7. 7. How to provide…correction?TEACHER: Ellen, give me asentence starting with "I".ELLEN : I is...TEACHER: No, Ellen.Always say, "I am."ELLEN : All right... "I amthe ninth letter of thealphabet."
  8. 8. How to provide positive correction1. Showing incorrectness (indicating to the Ss thatsomething is wrong; may involve self-correction)2. Using correction techniques:Repeating (we simply ask the S to repeat what he/she has saidby using the word “again” and a questioning intonation)Echoing (we repeat what the S has just said using a questioningintonation)Denial (we simply tell the S that the response wasunsatisfactory and ask for it to be repeated)Questioning (may involve peer-correction)Expression (we use our expression, gestures to indicateincorrectness)(J.Harmer- “The Practice of English Language Teaching”)
  9. 9. Is knowing our Ss’ personalities & learning styles important?TEACHER: What is thechemical formula for water?SARAH : "HIJKLMNO"!!TEACHER: What are youtalking about?SARAH : Yesterday yousaid its H to O!
  10. 10. Learning stylesEducationalists generally agree that there are four majorlearning styles:1.Visual – they learn through seeing pictures, posters,wall displays, graphic organizers etc.2. Auditory – they learn through hearing audio tapes, verbalinstructions, explanations, dialogues, discussions etc.3. Kinesthetic – they learn through moving whileperforming dynamic activities (competitions, role-plays etc.)4. Tactile – they learn through touching; they rely ondemonstration, writing or drawing as memory aids
  11. 11. Enhancing students’ self-motivation• Give frequent, early, positive feedback that supports students beliefs that they can do well.• Ensure opportunities for students success by assigning tasks that are neither too easy nor too difficult.• Help students find personal meaning and value in the material.• Create an atmosphere that is open and positive.• Help students feel that they are valued members of a learning community.
  12. 12. How to deal with behavioural problems? Shyness or Silence - lack of participationPOSSIBLE RESPONSES:• Change teaching strategies from group discussion to individual written exercises• Give strong positive reinforcement for any contribution.• Involve by directly asking him/her a question.• Make eye contact.
  13. 13. How to deal with behavioural problems? Talkativeness - knowing everything, manipulation, chronic whiningPOSSIBLE RESPONSES:• Acknowledge comments made.• Give limited time to express viewpoint or feelings, and then move on.• Make eye contact with another participant and move toward that person.• Give the person individual attention during breaks.• Say: "Thats an interesting point. Now lets see what other people think."
  14. 14. 10 Basic Rules for Success• Get students’ attention and interest.• Keep students on task.• Use classroom procedures to create consistency.• Always show respect to everyone.• Create a safe classroom environment.• Use classroom consequences to correct wrong student behavior.• Use the tone of your voice and body language to communicate information.• Academically challenge every student.• Allow students to work collaboratively in groups to increase participation.• Don’t provide the Romanian “subtitle”.
  15. 15. Listen to your students! TEACHER : "Which is more important to us, the sun or the moon?“ PUPIL : "The moon". TEACHER : "Why?“ PUPIL : "The moon gives us light at night when we need it but the sun gives us light only in the day time when we dont need it".
  16. 16. BibliographyHarmer, J - The Practice of English Language Teaching Vizental, A – Metodica predarii limbii engleze http://www.angelfire.com/az2/webenglish/joke.html http://englishthroughjokes.wordpress.com