A view from above the clouds (14 Oct 2011)


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A view from above the clouds (14 Oct 2011)

  1. 1. A View from Above the Clouds IAP Symposium, 14th October 2011 Dale Vile CEO / Managing Director Freeform Dynamics Ltd www.freeformdynamics.comCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 1 Copyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd
  2. 2. About Freeform Dynamics Industry analyst firm Focus on use of IT in business Staffed by ex-practitioners Hard core research approachCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 2
  3. 3. Research Approach Community Research Briefings, Surveys, Programme evaluations, reviews, SIGs, consulting consulting High quality advisory output free at the point IT vendors, Mainstream of consumption and service enterprises See www.freeformdynamics.com providers and SMBsCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 3
  4. 4. Topics The current state of play Cloud perspectives Impact on the IT department Short to medium term outlook Netting it all outCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 4
  5. 5. The current state of playCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 5
  6. 6. Trends over last decade (or so) Commoditisation of hardware Virtualisation of IT infrastructure Advances in communications Evolution of hosting/outsourcing Componentised software architecture Automated/assisted management More dynamic IT environmentsCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 6
  7. 7. The ‘real’ history of cloud Bandwagon Frenzy of Emerging clarity started rolling unhelpful hype on substance Vendors, service providers, pundits and press Mainstream business and IT professionals General Confusion and Cautious interest disinterest scepticism in new ideasCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 7
  8. 8. Would you regard the following as legitimate examples of cloud computing? Hosted server infrastructure Other infrastructure based services Hosted email/messaging Hosted comms (web conferencing, VoIP, unified comms) Hosted business apps (e.g. office tools, CRM, project mgmt, etc) Other hosted services On premise solutionsSource and copyright 2010 Freeform Dynamics Ltd, online survey of 401 IT professionals, April 2010Copyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 8
  9. 9. Confusion persists Function as Software a Service as a Service Infrastructure as a Service Platform Telephony as Service as as a Service a Service a Service Public Cloud Desktop Elastic Mobile Cloud Cloud Cloud Community Hybrid Cloud Cloud Private Virtual Private Cloud CloudCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 9
  10. 10. “Two men say they’re Jesus; one of them must be wrong” It’s about services delivered over Dire Straits, Industrial Disease the internet on demand It’s about infrastructure hosting (i.e. server/storage capacity) Cloud It’s about ‘elastic’ infrastructure services (like Amazon EC2) Computing It’s all about hosted application services (like Salesforce.com) It’s about next gen data centre architecture (i.e. technology) Q. What is cloud? A. Depends who you ask and Etc…. what they are trying to sellCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 10
  11. 11. Which of the following best sums up your view of cloud computing? A revolutionary Other way of delivering 5% Pretty much pure IT services that meaningless hype defines the future 8% of business computing 14% A useful range of Mostly just a additional options repackaging of old for fulfilling IT ideas to dress delivery them up as requirements something new 33% 40%Copyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 11
  12. 12. Cloud perspectivesCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 12
  13. 13. Views of cloud Technology vs services The service stack Service taxonomyCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 13
  14. 14. Cloud technology versus cloud services Despite the religious battles, both private and public cloud have a role to playCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 14
  15. 15. The stack perspective on cloud This nice neat view of cloud looks straightforward, but the real cloud landscape is more complexCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 15
  16. 16. Hosted service taxonomy view ON-DEMAND SERVICE CATEGORIES Business application services It is in this area that the term ‘Software as a Service’ (SaaS) was originally coined. Services at this level are typically focused on the delivery of complete business functionality, e.g. CRM, ERP, etc. Hosted productivity tools Services here are more concerned with horizontal capability ranging from desktop suites for end users, through to modelling, development and project management tools for analysts and developers. Hosted comms/collaboration Spearheaded initially by hosted email and web conferencing, the number of services offerings in this area has exploded to include full unified communications and/or social media (directories, blogs, wikis, etc). Trading community services As supply chain automation has gathered momentum in some industry sectors, services have emerged aimed at facilitating the way in which customers and suppliers collaborate and transact electronically. Plug-in services A myriad of services exist which do not provide complete business functionality but ‘plug into’ existing applications to enhance or extend them. Examples include everything from mapping to credit checking. Application platform services As an alternative to consuming pre-built services from external providers, application platform services provide development and runtime environments allowing custom applications to be built and hosted online. Operational services This often overlooked but highly important category is where we find services concerned with online backup, archiving, security (e.g. email filtering), etc., and even full blown monitoring and management tools.Copyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 16
  17. 17. Some ongoing debates and discussions IaaS  Elastic vs static virtual vs co-lo  Mega-hosters vs local players vs virtual providers  Private/public interoperability PaaS  Proprietary vs standard  General purpose vs SaaS extension  Portability of applications SaaS  Integration, migration, lock in avoidance  Economics – is it really cheaper and more flexible?Copyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 17
  18. 18. If you utilise SaaS on a fixed contract basis, how much flexibility do your contracts allow within the contract period? No flexibility 10% More flexible than that 26% Can only scale up, not down 64%Copyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 18
  19. 19. Impact on ITCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 19
  20. 20. A hybrid world SHARED/DYNAMIC  Different applications and workloads will Dynamic On-demand naturally run in infrastructure hosting ON-PREMISE (private cloud) (public cloud) different places HOSTED  Hybrid and overspill requirements exist  Bottom line: It Fixed Traditional doesn’t make sense infrastructure hosting to force-fit all apps (traditional stack) (e.g. co-location) into a single deployment model DEDICATED/STATICCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 20
  21. 21. Areas in which cloud is anticipated to have a significant impact on IT delivery and management 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% New system development/deployment Operational management of live systems Mix of internal skill-sets Significant = rated as Internal IT staffing levels a 4 or 5 on a scale of 1 to 5 Experienced adopters Those with little or no experienceCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 21
  22. 22. Impact of cloud on core functions View of experienced adopters 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Service provisioning and removal Architecture, design and development Application design and development Security, identity and access management Far easier Easier No impact Harder Much harderCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 22
  23. 23. Design all apps to be ‘cloud ready’? Need to Notion of secure across ‘limitless’ boundaries resources Need to integrate User mash-up across possibilities boundaries Developer Assumption Design/Dev self-service of distributed practices access to execution resourcesCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 23
  24. 24. Platform as a Service Exploitation Use cases: Prototypes and proofs of concept Bursty, batch and HPC workloads Workgroup and ‘situational’ apps Beware It’s not all magic – need to understand platform Integration, portability, lock in Execution costsCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 24
  25. 25. Looking to the futureCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 25
  26. 26. When it comes to IT service delivery, which of the following will you primarily look to over the coming 3 years to drive improvements or cost savings? Continued Increasing optimisation of adoption of on-premise hosted systems services 40% 21% Both 39%Copyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 26
  27. 27. Options regarded as important over next 3 years (INFRASTUCTURE/PLATFORM OPTIONS BY ORGANISATION SIZE) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Important = rated as a 4 or 5 on a scale of Large organisations 1 to 5 (>5,000 employees) Medium-Large (250-5000 employees) Private cloud Small-Medium Fixed Infrastructure Hosting (<250 employees) Elastic Infrastructure as a Service Platform as a ServiceCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 27
  28. 28. Options regarded as important over next 3 years (APPLICATION DELIVERY OPTIONS BY ORGANISATION SIZE) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Important = rated as a 4 or 5 on a scale of Large organisations 1 to 5 (>5,000 employees) Medium-Large (250-5000 employees) Small-Medium Traditional App Hosting (<250 employees) Complex SaaS Services Utility SaaS ServicesCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 28
  29. 29. Netting it all outCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 29
  30. 30. “How do we make the move to the cloud?” Putting the cart before the horse Cloud is not some kind of ‘end’ to aim for Need to think the other way aroundCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 30
  31. 31. The evangelist view of cloud – the stars are aligning Evolution of management capability Advances in Changes in software hosting architectures economics Advances in Greater focus hardware & Cloud on cost and virtualisation service levelsCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 31
  32. 32. A more objective way of looking at it … Evolution of management capability Advances in Changes in software hosting architectures economics Advances in Service Choice & hardware & Centric IT virtualisation Flexibility DeliveryCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 32
  33. 33. IT of the Business driven Future Source Service Architecture agnostic Centric IT enabled Technology What the cloud guys are agnostic really trying to tell us ….Copyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 33
  34. 34. The long term view ….  Question: What remains after the marketing people get bored with the word ‘cloud’?  Answer: A shift in emphasis from the ‘systems’ view to the ‘business services’ view of IT deliveryCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 34
  35. 35. A View from Above the Clouds IAP Symposium, 14th October 2011 Dale Vile CEO / Managing Director Freeform Dynamics Ltd www.freeformdynamics.comCopyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd 35 Copyright 2011 Freeform Dynamics Ltd